# minus Struct

The struct provides a predefined function object that performs the arithmetic operation of subtraction on elements of a specified value type.

``````template<class Type>
struct minus : public binary_function <Type, Type, Type>
{
Type operator()(
const Type& _Left,
const Type& _Right
) const;
};
``````

## Parameters

• _Left
A number that is of the parameter type Type from which another number is to be subtracted by the function object.

• _Right
A number that is of the parameter type Type that is to be subtracted from another by the function object.

## Return Value

The sum _Left - _Right.

## Example

``````// functional_minus.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <vector>
#include <functional>
#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int main( )
{
vector <int> v1, v2, v3 ( 6 );
vector <int>::iterator Iter1, Iter2, Iter3;

int i;
for ( i = 0 ; i <= 5 ; i++ )
{
v1.push_back( 4 * i + 1);
}

int j;
for ( j = 0 ; j <= 5 ; j++ )
{
v2.push_back( 3 * j - 1);
}

cout << "The vector v1 = ( " ;
for ( Iter1 = v1.begin( ) ; Iter1 != v1.end( ) ; Iter1++ )
cout << *Iter1 << " ";
cout << ")" << endl;

cout << "The vector v2 = ( " ;
for ( Iter2 = v2.begin( ) ; Iter2 != v2.end( ) ; Iter2++ )
cout << *Iter2 << " ";
cout << ")" << endl;

// Finding the element-wise diference of the elements of v1 & v2
transform ( v1.begin( ),  v1.end( ), v2.begin( ), v3.begin ( ),
minus<int>( ) );

cout << "The element-wise differences between v1 and v2 are: ( " ;
for ( Iter3 = v3.begin( ) ; Iter3 != v3.end( ) ; Iter3++ )
cout << *Iter3 << " ";
cout << ")" << endl;
}
``````

The vector v1 = ( 1 5 9 13 17 21 ) The vector v2 = ( -1 2 5 8 11 14 ) The element-wise differences between v1 and v2 are: ( 2 3 4 5 6 7 )

Namespace: std