Velocity (Scrum)

If your team has completed multiple sprints, you can forecast release and product completion dates and plan future projects more accurately by reviewing the velocity report. Based on the velocity of previous sprints that the report illustrates, you can accomplish the following goals:

  • Track how much effort your team has reported as complete for each sprint.

  • Estimate how much backlog effort your team can handle in future sprints if your team composition and sprint duration stay constant.


This report requires that the team project collection that contains your team project was provisioned with SQL Server Reporting Services. This report is not available if Report Reports does not appear when you open Team Explorer and expand your team project node. 

In this topic

  • Data in the Report

  • Interpreting the Report

Data in the Report

As the following illustration shows, a velocity graph shows the amount of effort that your team has reported as complete for each sprint. The source of the raw data is your product backlog. The horizontal axis represents sprints, and the vertical axis measures the backlog effort that your team has reported as complete. The vertical axis shows effort in whatever unit your team uses (for example, story points or hours).

The graph also displays a horizontal line that represents the average velocity across all the sprints.

Screenshot showing a velocity chart

You can filter the report by specifying the fields above the graph:

  • Specify sprints from the Sprint list.

  • Specify area paths from the Area list.

Required Activities for Tracking Work Items

For the velocity graph to be useful and accurate, your team must perform the following activities for tracking work items:

  • Define product backlog items and bugs, and specify the Iteration and Area paths for each.

    For more information, see Create and Modify Areas and Iterations.

  • Specify and update the Effort for each product backlog item and each bug that is active.

  • Update the State of each product backlog item and each bug as it progresses from New to Done.

Interpreting the Report

You can review the report to determine how much progress your team has made and to answer the following questions:

  1. How much effort has your team completed in each sprint?

  2. What is the maximum velocity of your team?

  3. What is the minimum velocity of your team?

  4. What is the average velocity of your team?

See Also


Bug (Scrum)

Product Backlog Item (Scrum)

Release Burndown (Scrum)

Other Resources

Visual Studio Scrum 1.0