Action Interface

Represents a smart tag action in a Word document that is customized by using the Office development tools in Visual Studio.

Namespace:  Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word
Assembly:  Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word (in Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.dll)

Syntax

'Declaration
<GuidAttribute("1886a0c6-4e1a-4b8f-8304-5143462fe2b6")> _
Public Interface Action _
    Inherits ActionBase
[GuidAttribute("1886a0c6-4e1a-4b8f-8304-5143462fe2b6")]
public interface Action : ActionBase

The Action type exposes the following members.

Properties

  Name Description
Public property Caption Gets or sets the name of the action, as displayed in the smart tag menu. (Inherited from ActionBase.)

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Events

  Name Description
Public event BeforeCaptionShow Occurs after the user clicks the smart tags icon, and before the smart tag menu is displayed.
Public event Click Occurs when the action in the smart tag menu is clicked.

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Remarks

Actions are the choices available on the smart tag shortcut menu when a smart tag of a certain type is recognized. To create an action, use the Globals.Factory.CreateAction method to create an Action object. For more information, see Smart Tags Architecture.

Note

This interface is implemented by the Visual Studio Tools for Office runtime. It is not intended to be implemented in your code. For more information, see Visual Studio Tools for Office Runtime Overview.

Usage

This type is intended to be used only in projects for Word 2007. Smart tags are deprecated in Word 2010. For more information, see Smart Tags Overview.

This documentation describes the version of this type that is used in Office projects that target the .NET Framework 4. In projects that target the .NET Framework 3.5, this type might have different members and the code examples provided for this type might not work. For documentation about this type in projects that target the .NET Framework 3.5, see the following reference section in the Visual Studio 2008 documentation: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=160658.

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to create a smart tag with an action. The smart tag action modifies the menu caption of the action at run time and displays the location of the text that was recognized.

Private WithEvents displayAddress As Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.Action

Private Sub AddSmartTag()

    ' Create the smart tag for .NET Framework 4 projects.
    Dim smartTagDemo As Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.SmartTag = Globals.Factory.CreateSmartTag(
        "www.microsoft.com/Demo#DemoSmartTag",
        "Demonstration Smart Tag")

    ' For .NET Framework 3.5 projects, use the following code to create the smart tag.
    ' Dim smartTagDemo As New  _
    '     Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.SmartTag( _
    '     "www.microsoft.com/Demo#DemoSmartTag", _
    '     "Demonstration Smart Tag")

    ' Specify the terms to recognize.
    smartTagDemo.Terms.Add("term")
    smartTagDemo.Terms.Add("recognize")

    ' Create the action for .NET Framework 4 projects.
    displayAddress = Globals.Factory.CreateAction("To be replaced")

    ' For .NET Framework 3.5 projects, use the following code to create the action.
    ' displayAddress = New Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.Action("To be replaced")

    ' Add the action to the smart tag.
    smartTagDemo.Actions = New Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.Action() { _
            displayAddress}

    ' Add the smart tag.
    Me.VstoSmartTags.Add(smartTagDemo)
End Sub

Private Sub DisplayAddress_BeforeCaptionShow(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.ActionEventArgs) _
    Handles displayAddress.BeforeCaptionShow

    Dim clickedAction As Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.Action = _
        TryCast(sender, Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.Action)

    If clickedAction IsNot Nothing Then
        clickedAction.Caption = "Display the location of " & e.Text
    End If
End Sub

Private Sub DisplayAddress_Click(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.ActionEventArgs) _
    Handles displayAddress.Click

    Dim termStart As Integer = e.Range.Start
    Dim termEnd As Integer = e.Range.End
    MsgBox("The recognized text '" & e.Text & _
            "' begins at position " & termStart & _
            " and ends at position " & termEnd)
End Sub
private Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.Action displayAddress;

private void AddSmartTag()
{
    // Create the smart tag for .NET Framework 4 projects.
    Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.SmartTag smartTagDemo =
        Globals.Factory.CreateSmartTag(
        "www.microsoft.com/Demo#DemoSmartTag",
        "Demonstration Smart Tag");

    // For .NET Framework 3.5 projects, use the following code to create the smart tag.
    // Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.SmartTag smartTagDemo =
        // new Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.SmartTag(
        //     "www.microsoft.com/Demo#DemoSmartTag",
        //     "Demonstration Smart Tag");

    // Specify the terms to recognize.
    smartTagDemo.Terms.Add("term");
    smartTagDemo.Terms.Add("recognize");

    // Create the action for .NET Framework 4 projects.
    displayAddress = Globals.Factory.CreateAction("To be replaced"); 

    // For .NET Framework 3.5 projects, use the following code to create the action.
    // displayAddress = new Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.Action("To be replaced");

    // Add the action to the smart tag.
    smartTagDemo.Actions = new Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.Action[] { 
        displayAddress };

    // Add the smart tag.
    this.VstoSmartTags.Add(smartTagDemo);

    displayAddress.BeforeCaptionShow += new
        Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.BeforeCaptionShowEventHandler(
        displayAddress_BeforeCaptionShow);

    displayAddress.Click += new
        Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.ActionClickEventHandler(
        displayAddress_Click);
}

void displayAddress_BeforeCaptionShow(object sender,
    Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.ActionEventArgs e)
{
    Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.Action clickedAction =
        sender as Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.Action;

    if (clickedAction != null)
    {
        clickedAction.Caption = "Display the location of " +
            e.Text;
    }
}

void displayAddress_Click(object sender,
    Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word.ActionEventArgs e)
{
    int termStart = e.Range.Start;
    int termEnd = e.Range.End;
    System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("The recognized text '" + e.Text +
        "' begins at position " + termStart.ToString() +
        " and ends at position " + termEnd.ToString());
}

See Also

Reference

Microsoft.Office.Tools.Word Namespace

SmartTag

Other Resources

Smart Tags Architecture

How to: Add Smart Tags to Word Documents

How to: Create Smart Tags With Custom Recognizers in Word and .NET Framework 3.5

Walkthrough: Creating a Smart Tag by Using a Document-Level Customization