memcmp, wmemcmp

Compare characters in two buffers.

int memcmp(
   const void *buf1,
   const void *buf2,
   size_t count
int wmemcmp(
   const wchar_t * buf1,
   const wchar_t * buf2,
   size_t count


  • buf1
    First buffer.

  • buf2
    Second buffer.

  • count
    Number of characters (bytes for memcmp, wide characters for wmemcmp).

Return Value

The return value indicates the relationship between the buffers.

Return value

Relationship of first count bytes of buf1 and buf2

< 0

buf1 less than buf2


buf1 identical to buf2

> 0

buf1 greater than buf2


Compares the first count characters of buf1 and buf2 and returns a value indicating their relationship.



Required header


<memory.h> or <string.h>



For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.


All versions of the C run-time libraries.


// crt_memcmp.c
/* This program uses memcmp to compare
 * the strings named first and second. If the first
 * 19 bytes of the strings are equal, the program
 * considers the strings to be equal.

#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>

int main( void )
   char first[]  = "12345678901234567890";
   char second[] = "12345678901234567891";
   int int_arr1[] = {1,2,3,4};
   int int_arr2[] = {1,2,3,4};
   int result;

   printf( "Compare '%.19s' to '%.19s':\n", first, second );
   result = memcmp( first, second, 19 );
   if( result < 0 )
      printf( "First is less than second.\n" );
   else if( result == 0 )
      printf( "First is equal to second.\n" );
      printf( "First is greater than second.\n" );

   printf( "Compare '%d,%d' to '%d,%d':\n", int_arr1[0], int_arr1[1], int_arr2[0], int_arr2[1]);
   result = memcmp( int_arr1, int_arr2, sizeof(int) * 2 );
   if( result < 0 )
      printf( "int_arr1 is less than int_arr2.\n" );
   else if( result == 0 )
      printf( "int_arr1 is equal to int_arr2.\n" );
      printf( "int_arr1 is greater than int_arr2.\n" );


Compare '1234567890123456789' to '1234567890123456789':
First is equal to second.
Compare '1,2' to '1,2':
int_arr1 is equal to int_arr2.

.NET Framework Equivalent

Not applicable. To call the standard C function, use PInvoke. For more information, see Platform Invoke Examples.

See Also


Buffer Manipulation


memchr, wmemchr

memcpy, wmemcpy

memset, wmemset

strcmp, wcscmp, _mbscmp

strncmp, wcsncmp, _mbsncmp, _mbsncmp_l