CDaoFieldInfo Structure

The CDaoFieldInfo structure contains information about a field object defined for data access objects (DAO).

struct CDaoFieldInfo 
{ 
   CString m_strName;           // Primary 
   short m_nType;               // Primary 
   long m_lSize;                // Primary 
   long m_lAttributes;          // Primary 
   short m_nOrdinalPosition;    // Secondary 
   BOOL m_bRequired;            // Secondary 
   BOOL m_bAllowZeroLength;     // Secondary 
   long m_lCollatingOrder;      // Secondary 
   CString m_strForeignName;    // Secondary 
   CString m_strSourceField;    // Secondary 
   CString m_strSourceTable;    // Secondary 
   CString m_strValidationRule; // All 
   CString m_strValidationText; // All 
   CString m_strDefaultValue;   // All 
};

Parameters

  • m_strName
    Uniquely names the field object. For details, see the topic "Name Property" in DAO Help.

  • m_nType
    A value that indicates the data type of the field. For details, see the topic "Type Property" in DAO Help. The value of this property can be one of the following:

    • dbBoolean Yes/No, same as TRUE/FALSE

    • dbByte Byte

    • dbInteger Short

    • dbLong Long

    • dbCurrency Currency; see MFC class COleCurrency

    • dbSingle Single

    • dbDouble Double

    • dbDate Date/Time; see MFC class COleDateTime

    • dbText Text; see MFC class CString

    • dbLongBinary Long Binary (OLE Object); you might want to use MFC class CByteArray instead of class CLongBinary as CByteArray is richer and easier to use.

    • dbMemo Memo; see MFC class CString

    • dbGUID A Globally Unique Identifier/Universally Unique Identifier used with remote procedure calls. For more information, see the topic "Type Property" in DAO Help.

    Note

    Do not use string data types for binary data. This causes your data to pass through the Unicode/ANSI translation layer, resulting in increased overhead and possibly unexpected translation.

  • m_lSize
    A value that indicates the maximum size, in bytes, of a DAO field object that contains text or the fixed size of a field object that contains text or numeric values. For details, see the topic "Size Property" in DAO Help. Sizes can be one of the following values:

    Type

    Size (Bytes)

    Description

    dbBoolean

    1 byte

    Yes/No (same as True/False)

    dbByte

    1

    Byte

    dbInteger

    2

    Integer

    dbLong

    4

    Long

    dbCurrency

    8

    Currency (COleCurrency)

    dbSingle

    4

    Single

    dbDouble

    8

    Double

    dbDate

    8

    Date/Time (COleDateTime)

    dbText

    1 - 255

    Text (CString)

    dbLongBinary

    0

    Long Binary (OLE Object; CByteArray; use instead of CLongBinary)

    dbMemo

    0

    Memo (CString)

    dbGUID

    16

    A Globally Unique Identifier/Universally Unique Identifier used with remote procedure calls.

  • m_lAttributes
    Specifies characteristics of a field object contained by a tabledef, recordset, querydef, or index object. The value returned can be a sum of these constants, created with the C++ bitwise-OR (|) operator:

    • dbFixedField The field size is fixed (default for Numeric fields).

    • dbVariableField The field size is variable (Text fields only).

    • dbAutoIncrField The field value for new records is automatically incremented to a unique long integer that cannot be changed. Only supported for Microsoft Jet database tables.

    • dbUpdatableField The field value can be changed.

    • dbDescending The field is sorted in descending (Z - A or 100 - 0) order (applies only to a field object in a Fields collection of an index object; in MFC, index objects are themselves contained in tabledef objects). If you omit this constant, the field is sorted in ascending (A - Z or 0 - 100) order (default).

    When checking the setting of this property, you can use the C++ bitwise-AND operator (&) to test for a specific attribute. When setting multiple attributes, you can combine them by combining the appropriate constants with the bitwise-OR (|) operator. For details, see the topic "Attributes Property" in DAO Help.

  • m_nOrdinalPosition
    A value that specifies the numeric order in which you want a field represented by a DAO field object to be displayed relative to other fields. You can set this property with CDaoTableDef::CreateField. For details, see the topic "OrdinalPosition Property" in DAO Help.

  • m_bRequired
    Indicates whether a DAO field object requires a non-Null value. If this property is TRUE, the field does not allow a Null value. If Required is set to FALSE, the field can contain Null values as well as values that meet the conditions specified by the AllowZeroLength and ValidationRule property settings. For details, see the topic "Required Property" in DAO Help. You can set this property for a tabledef with CDaoTableDef::CreateField.

  • m_bAllowZeroLength
    Indicates whether an empty string ("") is a valid value of a DAO field object with a Text or Memo data type. If this property is TRUE, an empty string is a valid value. You can set this property to FALSE to ensure that you cannot use an empty string to set the value of a field. For details, see the topic "AllowZeroLength Property" in DAO Help. You can set this property for a tabledef with CDaoTableDef::CreateField.

  • m_lCollatingOrder
    Specifies the sequence of the sort order in text for string comparison or sorting. For details, see the topic "Customizing Windows Registry Settings for Data Access" in DAO Help. For a list of the possible values returned, see the m_lCollatingOrder member of the CDaoDatabaseInfo structure. You can set this property for a tabledef with CDaoTableDef::CreateField.

  • m_strForeignName
    A value that, in a relation, specifies the name of the DAO field object in a foreign table that corresponds to a field in a primary table. For details, see the topic "ForeignName Property" in DAO Help.

  • m_strSourceField
    Indicates the name of the field that is the original source of the data for a DAO field object contained by a tabledef, recordset, or querydef object. This property indicates the original field name associated with a field object. For example, you could use this property to determine the original source of the data in a query field whose name is unrelated to the name of the field in the underlying table. For details, see the topic "SourceField, SourceTable Properties" in DAO Help. You can set this property for a tabledef with CDaoTableDef::CreateField.

  • m_strSourceTable
    Indicates the name of the table that is the original source of the data for a DAO field object contained by a tabledef, recordset, or querydef object. This property indicates the original table name associated with a field object. For example, you could use this property to determine the original source of the data in a query field whose name is unrelated to the name of the field in the underlying table. For details, see the topic "SourceField, SourceTable Properties" in DAO Help. You can set this property for a tabledef with CDaoTableDef::CreateField.

  • m_strValidationRule
    A value that validates the data in a field as it is changed or added to a table. For details, see the topic "ValidationRule Property" in DAO Help. You can set this property for a tabledef with CDaoTableDef::CreateField.

    For related information about tabledefs, see the m_strValidationRule member of the CDaoTableDefInfo structure.

  • m_strValidationText
    A value that specifies the text of the message that your application displays if the value of a DAO field object does not satisfy the validation rule specified by the ValidationRule property setting. For details, see the topic "ValidationText Property" in DAO Help. You can set this property for a tabledef with CDaoTableDef::CreateField.

  • m_strDefaultValue
    The default value of a DAO field object. When a new record is created, the DefaultValue property setting is automatically entered as the value for the field. For details, see the topic "DefaultValue Property" in DAO Help. You can set this property for a tabledef with CDaoTableDef::CreateField.

Remarks

The references to Primary, Secondary, and All above indicate how the information is returned by the GetFieldInfo member function in classes CDaoTableDef, CDaoQueryDef, and CDaoRecordset.

Field objects are not represented by an MFC class. Instead, the DAO objects underlying MFC objects of the following classes contain collections of field objects: CDaoTableDef, CDaoRecordset, and CDaoQueryDef. These classes supply member functions to access some individual items of field information, or you can access them all at once with a CDaoFieldInfo object by calling the GetFieldInfo member function of the containing object.

Besides its use for examining object properties, you can also use CDaoFieldInfo to construct an input parameter for creating new fields in a tabledef. Simpler options are available for this task, but if you want finer control, you can use the version of CDaoTableDef::CreateField that takes a CDaoFieldInfo parameter.

Information retrieved by the GetFieldInfo member function (of the class that contains the field) is stored in a CDaoFieldInfo structure. Call the GetFieldInfo member function of the containing object in whose Fields collection the field object is stored. CDaoFieldInfo also defines a Dump member function in debug builds. You can use Dump to dump the contents of a CDaoFieldInfo object.

Requirements

Header: afxdao.h

See Also

Reference

CDaoTableDef::GetFieldInfo

CDaoRecordset::GetFieldInfo

CDaoQueryDef::GetFieldInfo

Other Resources

Structures, Styles, Callbacks, and Message Maps