Specifying Compiler Optimization for an ATL Project


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By default, the ATL Control Wizard generates new classes with the ATL_NO_VTABLE macro, as follows:

class ATL_NO_VTABLE CProjName  

ATL then defines _ATL_NO_VTABLE as follows:

 #define ATL_NO_VTABLE  
 #define ATL_NO_VTABLE __declspec(novtable)  

If you do not define _ATL_DISABLE_NO_VTABLE, the ATL_NO_VTABLE macro expands to declspec(novtable). Using declspec(novtable)in a class declaration prevents the vtable pointer from being initialized in the class constructor and destructor. When you build your project, the linker eliminates the vtable and all functions to which the vtable points.

You must use ATL_NO_VTABLE, and consequently declspec(novtable), with only base classes that are not directly creatable. You must not use declspec(novtable) with the most-derived class in your project, because this class (usually CComObject, CComAggObject, or CComPolyObject) initializes the vtable pointer for your project.

You must not call virtual functions from the constructor of any object that uses declspec(novtable). You should move those calls to the FinalConstruct method.

If you are unsure whether you should use the declspec(novtable) modifier, you can remove the ATL_NO_VTABLE macro from any class definition, or you can globally disable it by specifying


in stdafx.h, before all other ATL header files are included.

See Also

ATL Project Wizard
Visual C++ Project Types
Creating Desktop Projects By Using Application Wizards
Programming with ATL and C Run-Time Code
Fundamentals of ATL COM Objects
Default ATL Project Configurations