XML Entity References

An entity reference is a group of characters used in text as a substitute for a single specific character that is also a markup delimiter in XML. Using the entity reference prevents a literal character from being mistaken for a markup delimiter For example, if an attribute must contain a left angle bracket (<), you can substitute the entity reference "&lt;". Entity references always begin with an ampersand (&) and end with a semicolon (;). You can also substitute a numeric or hexadecimal reference. The entities predefined in XML are identified in the following table.


Entity reference

Numeric reference

Hexadecimal reference





















See Also


Playlist Reference