parentNode Property1


Contains the parent node.

Script Syntax

var objXMLDOMNode = oXMLDOMNode.parentNode;  


The following script example sets a variable ('newNode') to reference the parent node of another IXMLDOMNode object ('currNode'). It then uses the reference to the new node to display the XML contents of its parent node.

var xmlDoc = new ActiveXObject("Msxml2.DOMDocument.3.0");
var currNode;
var newNode;
xmlDoc.async = false;
if (xmlDoc.parseError.errorCode != 0) {
   var myErr = xmlDoc.parseError;
   WScript.Echo("You have error " + myErr.reason);
} else {
   currNode =    xmlDoc.documentElement.childNodes.item(1).childNodes.item(0);
   newNode = currNode.parentNode;

Visual Basic Syntax

Set objXMLDOMNode = oXMLDOMNode.parentNode  

C/C++ Syntax

HRESULT get_parentNode(  
    IXMLDOMNode **parent);  


parent[out, retval]
The parent of the given node instance.

C/C++ Return Values

The value returned if there is no parent.

The value returned if successful.

The value returned if the parent parameter is Null.


The property is read-only. All nodes except Document, DocumentFragment, and Attribute nodes can have a parent. However, if a node has just been created and not yet added to the tree, or if it has been removed from the tree, the parent is Null.

This value depends on the value of the nodeType property.



Returns Null; these nodes do not have parents.
NODE_CDATA_SECTION Returns the element or entity reference containing the CDATA section.
NODE_COMMENT Returns the element, entity reference, document type, or document containing the comment.
NODE_DOCUMENT_TYPE Returns the document node.
NODE_ELEMENT Returns the parent node of the element. If the element is the root node in the tree, the parent is the document node. If the node is the document node, parentNode is Null.
NODE_ENTITY Returns the document type node.
NODE_ENTITY_REFERENCE Returns the element, attribute, or entity reference containing the entity reference.
NODE_NOTATION Returns the document type node.
NODE_PROCESSING_INSTRUCTION Returns the document, element, document type, or entity reference containing the processing instruction.
NODE_TEXT Returns the parent element, attribute, or entity reference.


Implemented in:

MSXML 3.0, MSXML 6.0

Applies to

IXMLDOMAttribute | IXMLDOMCDATASection | IXMLDOMCharacterData | IXMLDOMComment | IXMLDOMDocument-DOMDocument | IXMLDOMDocumentFragment | IXMLDOMDocumentType | IXMLDOMElement | IXMLDOMEntity | IXMLDOMEntityReference | IXMLDOMNode | IXMLDOMNotation | IXMLDOMProcessingInstruction | IXMLDOMText

See Also

nodeType Property1