Deploy WIMBoot Images: If you know the size of the images upfront
Applies To: Windows 8.1
Deploy Windows image file boot (WIMBoot) on new PCs using the images you created in Create WIMBoot Images.
WIMBoot helps you save hard drive space by booting to a WIM file rather than a set of uncompressed Windows files.
To deploy Windows, you'll need to configure the hard drive partitions with the Images partition at the end of the drive, containing the Windows image file, the Windows RE image file, and if included, an image file for final customizations (custom.wim).
The following diagram shows this configuration.
The final customizations in the custom.wim file may include Windows updates, build-to-order apps and drivers, or other changes that typically happen on the factory floor. This means you don't have to recapture these updates into the fully-loaded install.wim. This change can potentially save time during the manufacturing process.
If this size of your custom.wim file varies widely, you may need to use a script to calculate the size of the Images partition. For more info, see Deploy WIMBoot Images: If you don't know the size of the images upfront.
Do not preload traditional system recovery tools, because they won’t be able to restore a PC with the WIMBoot configuration. Instead, use the built-in push-button reset tools, which you can configure automatically by using the procedures on this page.
Prepare a WIMBoot image (install_wimboot.wim) and separate out the Windows RE image (winre.wim). For more info, see Create WIMBoot Images.
Create a Windows PE 5.1 bootable drive by adding the Windows 8.1 Update packages to Windows PE 5.0, and then cleaning up the image. For more info, see Update WinPE 5.0 to WinPE 5.1.
Format the drive with the WIMBoot partition layout
Boot the reference PC into Windows PE 5.1.
Format the drive using the following partition layout:
System (EFI System Partition): Size: 100MB.
If the primary drive is less than 16GB, you can use a minimum size of 32MB.
If the primary drive is an Advanced Format 4K Native drive (4-KB-per-sector), the minimum size is 260 MB.
MSR (x86 and x64 only, not needed for ARM)
Images. Set this partition with the following attributes:
Location: End of the disk
Type: de94bba4-06d1-4d40-a16a-bfd50179d6ac (PARTITION_MSFT_RECOVERY_GUID)
Attributes: 0x8000000000000001 (GPT_BASIC_DATA_ATTRIBUTE_NO_DRIVE_LETTER & GPT_ATTRIBUTE_PLATFORM_REQUIRED)
File system: NTFS
Drive Letter: Set a temporary drive letter, for example, M.
Size: Must be big enough to hold install.wim, winre.wim, and custom.wim files plus at least 50 MB of free space.
If you plan to make changes on the factory floor in the custom.wim file, be sure to leave enough space for these additions. But try not to add too much free space, especially on devices with limited drive space, because this partition can’t be resized after you've added files to it.
To work around this problem, you can set up this Images partition later. For more info, see Deploy WIMBoot Images: If you don't know the size of the images upfront.
Sample Diskpart script
The script temporarily assigns these drive letters: Windows=C and Images=M. If you’re deploying to PCs with unformatted hard drives, you might want to modify this script to use a drive letter that’s near the end of the alphabet, such as W, to avoid drive letter conflicts. Do not use X, because this drive letter is reserved for Windows PE. After the PC reboots, the Windows partition is assigned the letter C, and the other partitions don’t receive drive letters. We've added volume names to the partitions, but they aren’t required.
rem == Diskpart /s CreatePartitions-WIMBoot.txt == rem == These commands set up the hard drive partitions rem for WIMBoot. rem rem Adjust the partition sizes to fill the drive rem as necessary. == select disk 0 clean convert gpt rem == 1. System partition (ESP) =================== create partition efi size=100 format quick fs=fat32 label="System" rem == 2. Microsoft Reserved (MSR) partition ======= create partition msr size=128 rem == 3. Windows partition ======================== create partition primary shrink minimum=10000 format quick fs=ntfs label="Windows" assign letter=c rem === 4. Images partition ======================== create partition primary format quick fs=ntfs label="Images" assign letter=m set id="de94bba4-06d1-4d40-a16a-bfd50179d6ac" gpt attributes=0x8000000000000001 list volume exit
Add the Windows and recovery files
Create a folder called "Windows Images" on the Images partition. This folder name is required.
md "M:\Windows Images\"
Copy the Windows image from the USB or network drive (N) to the Windows Images folder.
Rename the image file install.wim (if necessary). This filename is required.
copy N:\Images\install_update1.wim "M:\Windows Images\install.wim"
Apply the Windows image to the Windows partition (drive C), using the
Recommended: create a temporary scratch folder for DISM to avoid issues related to short file names. To prevent capturing the DISM logs in your image, choose a location that is in your DISM Exclusion list. For more info, see DISM Configuration List and WimScript.ini Files.
When you use the
DISM /Apply-Imagecommand with the
ApplyDirpartition must be on the same hard drive.
md C:\Recycler\Scratch DISM /Apply-Image /ImageFile:"M:\Windows Images\install.wim" /ApplyDir:C: /Index:1 /WIMBoot /ScratchDir:C:\Recycler\Scratch
When you apply the Windows image using
/WIMBoot, DISM adds pointer files from the Windows partition to the Images partition. These pointer files make the PC appear and function as if the Windows files were stored on the Windows partition. But they still primarily reside inside the install.wim file in the Images partition. Do not remove the install.wim file after applying the image.
Create boot files and set them to boot to the Windows partition.
Copy the Windows RE file to the Images folder. Note that Winre.wim may be a hidden file. Use robocopy or xcopy to copy the file. In this example, the "echo f" command suppresses the xcopy "File or Directory" prompt:
md M:\Recovery\WindowsRE echo f | xcopy N:\Images\winre.wim M:\Recovery\WindowsRE\winre.wim /h
Register the Windows RE partition.
C:\Windows\System32\Reagentc /SetREImage /Path M:\Recovery\WindowsRE /Target C:\Windows
If your partition configuration is different from the recommended configuration listed above, create a ResetConfig.xml file and include it in the M:\Windows Images\ folder to enable your users create bare metal recovery media. For more info, see ResetConfig XML Reference.
Sample command-line script
@echo off echo == ApplyWIMBootImage.cmd == echo == These commands deploy a specified Windows echo image file to the Windows partition, and configure echo the system partition. rem Usage: ApplyWIMBootImage InstallWim WinREWim rem Example: ApplyWIMBootImage N:\Images\Install-WIMBoot.wim N:\Images\WinRE-WIMBoot.wim if "%2" equ "" ( echo == Error: Specify a Windows image and a Windows RE image file. echo Example: ApplyWIMBootImage N:\Images\Install-WIMBoot.wim N:\Images\WinRE-WIMBoot.wim exit /b 0 ) @echo on rem == Add the Windows image to the Images partition == md "M:\Windows Images\" copy %1 "M:\Windows Images\install.wim" rem == Create a scratch directory for DISM operations md "C:\Recycler\Scratch" rem == Apply the Windows image to the Windows partition == dism /Apply-Image /ImageFile:"M:\Windows Images\install.wim" /ApplyDir:C: /Index:1 /WIMBoot /ScratchDir:C:\Recycler\Scratch rem == Create boot files on the System partition == C:\Windows\System32\bcdboot C:\Windows :rem == Add the Windows RE image to the Images partition == md M:\Recovery\WindowsRE copy %2 M:\Recovery\WindowsRE\winre.wim :rem == Register the location of the recovery tools == C:\Windows\System32\Reagentc /SetREImage /Path M:\Recovery\WindowsRE /Target C:\Windows
Optional: Test the PC, and then reset it
To test the PC:
Reboot the PC and log in as a user.
Install and run performance test software in the Windows environment.
To reset the PC:
Reboot the PC into Windows PE 5.1.
Temporarily assign drive letters to the Windows and Images partitions.
Diskpart /s ResetWIMBootDriveLetters.txt rem == Diskpart /s ResetWIMBootDriveLetters.txt == select disk 0 select partition 1 assign letter s select partition 3 assign letter c select partition 4 assign letter m list volume exit
Reapply the Windows image to the Windows partition. Recommended: create a temporary scratch directory for DISM.
rem == ResetWIMBootImage.cmd == format C: /Q /FS:NTFS /v:"Windows" md C:\Recycler\Scratch DISM /Apply-Image /ImageFile:"M:\Windows Images\install.wim" /ApplyDir:C: /Index:1 /WIMBoot /ScratchDir:C:\Recycler\Scratch
Optional: Perform factory floor customizations and capture the changes
Press CTRL+SHIFT+F3 at the OOBE screens to enter audit mode.
Add final customizations, such as build-to-order apps, drivers, or Windows updates.
Prepare the PC to boot into OOBE mode, and shut down the PC.
Recommended: Generalize the image to optimize the push-button reset features. If you do this, we recommend that you boot the PC once after the Images partition is created in order to speed up the OOBE process. For more info, see Perform final reboot.
C:\Windows\System32\Sysprep\Sysprep /OOBE /shutdown /generalize
Reboot the PC into Windows PE 5.1.
Check to make sure you have enough room on the Images partition to capture the changes. If you've made it this far and there's not room, you might have to go back to the beginning of this page.
Capture factory floor customizations into custom.wim.
DISM /Capture-CustomImage /CaptureDir:C: /ScratchDir:C:\Recycler\Scratch
When you capture the custom image, DISM captures the incremental file changes (based on the specific install.wim file) to a new file, custom.wim, and converts these files to pointer files. The custom.wim is placed in the same folder as install.wim.
- Don’t copy custom.wim to other PCs. Custom.wim is not intended as a replacement for modifying the primary install.wim file.
- Don’t switch out the install.wim file after creating custom.wim.
- Don't remove or re-capture custom.wim after capturing the incremental file changes. If you do need to modify the factory floor customizations, restart the process from the beginning of this page, including reformatting the entire drive.
Remove the scratch folder.
rd C:\Recycler /s /q
Protect the WIMBoot folders and prepare the PC for OOBE
Protect the Windows images partitions by setting them as read-only. Run these steps from an elevated command prompt:
icacls "M:\Windows Images" /inheritance:r /T icacls "M:\Windows Images" /grant:r SYSTEM:(R) /T icacls "M:\Windows Images" /grant:r *S-1-5-32-544:(R) /T
It’s not necessary to hide the WIMBoot partitions.
Perform final reboot
- Recommended: If you generalized the image when performing the factory floor customizations, allow the PC to boot up once to Windows in order to speed up the first boot experience for the end user. After the PC reaches the OOBE screen, you can safely turn off the PC without shutting it down.
Optional: Validate your WIMBoot deployment
Boot to Windows PE.
Temporarily assign drive letters to the Windows and Images partitions, and verify that the System, MSR, Windows, and Images partitions exist and are in the prescribed order.
Diskpart /s VerifyWIMBootPartitions.txt Rem = Diskpart /s VerifyWIMBootPartitions.txt select disk 0 select partition 3 assign letter C select partition 4 assign letter M list partition exit
Partition ### Type Size Offset ------------- ---------------- ------- ------- Partition 1 System 100 MB 1024 KB Partition 2 Reserved 128 MB 101 MB Partition 3 Primary (size) GB 229 MB Partition 4 Recovery (size) GB (size) GB
Verify that the Images partition has these attributes:
Type: de94bba4-06d1-4d40-a16a-bfd50179d6ac (PARTITION_MSFT_RECOVERY_GUID)
File system: NTFS
diskpart select disk 0 select partition 4 detail partition exit
Partition 4 Type : de94bba4-06d1-4d40-a16a-bfd50179d6ac Hidden : Yes Required: Yes Attrib : 0X8000000000000001 Offset in Bytes: 48474619904 Volume ### Ltr Label Fs Type Size Status Info ---------- --- ----------- ----- ---------- ------- --------- -------- * Volume 2 M Images NTFS Partition 74 GB Healthy Hidden
Verify that these WIM files are in the Images partition:
\Windows Images\custom.wim (if factory floor customizations were added)
dir "M:\Windows Images" dir M:\Recovery\WindowsRE
M:\>dir "M:\Windows Images" Volume in drive M is Images Volume Serial Number is 8AA9-5E31 Directory of M:\Windows Images 12/19/2013 04:16 PM <DIR> . 12/19/2013 04:16 PM <DIR> .. 12/18/2013 02:53 PM 3,541,267,886 install.wim 12/18/2013 03:00 PM 1,000,000 custom.wim 1 File(s) 3,542,267,886 bytes 2 Dir(s) 52,428,800 bytes free M:\>dir M:\Recovery\WindowsRE Volume in drive M is Images Volume Serial Number is 8AA9-5E31 Directory of M:\Recovery\WindowsRE 12/19/2013 04:21 PM <DIR> . 12/19/2013 04:21 PM <DIR> .. 12/14/2013 07:28 AM 228,955,033 winre.wim 1 File(s) 228,955,033 bytes 2 Dir(s) 52,428,800 bytes free
Verify that the Windows Images subfolder has read-only access.
icacls "M:\Windows Images"
M:\Windows Images BUILTIN\Administrators:(R) NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(R)
Verify that Windows RE is correctly set to a valid recovery image location.
C:\Windows\System32\Reagentc /Info /Target C:\Windows
Windows RE status: <either Enabled or Disabled> Windows RE location: Boot Configuration Data (BCD) identifier: 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000 Custom boot key scan code: 0x0 Recovery image location: \\?\GLOBALROOT\device\harddisk0\partition4\RecoveryImage Recovery image index: 1 Custom image location: Custom image index: 0
Reset the PC using the push-button reset tools.
If the push-button recovery process fails, make sure that you've updated both the Windows and the Windows RE images to include the Windows 8.1 Update. For more info, see Install the Windows 8.1 Update for OEMs.