Applies To: Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Server 2003 with SP1, Windows Server 2003 with SP2
The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is a network management standard widely used in TCP/IP networks.
SNMP provides a method of managing network hosts such as workstation or server computers, routers, bridges, and hubs from a centrally-located computer running network management software. SNMP performs management services by using a distributed architecture of management systems and agents.
Because network management is critical for both auditing and resource management, SNMP can be used to:
Configure remote devices. Configuration information can be sent to each networked host from the management system.
Monitor network performance. You can track the speed of processing and network throughput, and collect information about the success of data transmissions.
Detect network faults or inappropriate access. You can configure trigger alarms on network devices when certain events occur. When an alarm is triggered, the device forwards an event message to the management system. Common types of alarms include a device being shut down and restarted, a link failure being detected on a router, and inappropriate access.
Audit network usage. You can monitor both overall network usage to identify user or group access, and types of usage for network devices and services.