Event ID 197 — Volume Recovery
Applies To: Windows Server 2008
You can use the wbadmin start recovery command or the Recovery Wizard in Windows Server Backup to restore a volume. When you restore a full volume, all contents of the volume are restored—you cannot selectively restore individual files or folders.
In addition, you can use a Windows Setup disc or a separate installation of the Windows Recovery Environment to perform a full server (all volumes) recovery.
|Product:||Windows Operating System|
|Message:||Restore of volume(s) started at '%9' was cancelled.|
Re-run volume recovery
If a volume recovery has been canceled before it was finished, it must be re-run in its entirety to complete the recovery. You can perform a volume recovery using the Windows Server Backup snap-in or the wbadmin start recovery command. For instructions see "Volume recovery using the Windows Server Backup snap-in." You can recover the operating system or all volumes (full server) using a Windows Setup disc and the Windows Recovery Environment. For instructions see "Recover the system using a Windows Setup disc."
Recover volumes using the Windows Server Backup snap-in
To recover volumes, you must have membership in Backup Operators or Administrators, or you must have been delegated the appropriate authority.
Before you begin, you should:
- Make sure that the computer that you are recovering volumes to is running Windows Server 2008.
- Make sure the external disk or shared folder that is hosting the backup is online and available to the server. Or, if you are using a backup on DVDs or removable media, make sure that the DVD drive or device is attached to your local server and online, and that all DVDs that contain the backup are labeled and available.
- Determine which volumes that you want to recover.
Note: You can also use the Wbadmin start recovery command to perform this task. For examples and syntax for this command, see http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=93338.
To perform a volume recovery using the Windows Server Backup snap-in:
Open the Windows Server Backup snap-in. Click Start, click Administrative Tools, and then click Windows Server Backup.
In the Actions pane of the snap-in default page, under Windows Server Backup, click Recover. This opens the Recovery Wizard.
On the Getting started page, specify whether you will recover volumes from backups stored on this computer or another computer, and then click Next.
If you are recovering volumes from backups stored on another computer, do the following, and then click Next:
- On the Specify location type page, specify whether the backup that you want to restore from is on a local drive or in a remote shared folder.
- If you are recovering from a local drive, on the Select backup location page, select the location of the backup from the drop-down list. If you are recovering from a remote shared folder, on the Specify remote folder page, type the path to the folder that contains the backup. In the folder, the backup should be stored at \\<RemoteSharedFolder>\WindowsImageBackup\<ComputerName>\<YourBackup>.
If you are recovering from this computer, on the Select backup location page, select the location of the backup from the drop-down list. If you are recovering from DVD or removable media, you are prompted to insert the device or first DVD in the series, then click Next.
Then, for a recovery either from the local computer or another computer, on the Select backup date page, select the date from the calendar and the time from the drop-down list of backup you want to restore from.
On the Select recovery type page, click Volumes, and then click Next.
On the Select volumes page, select the check boxes associated with the volumes in the Source Volume column that you want to recover. Then, from the associated drop-down list in the Destination Volume column, select the location that you want to recover the volume to. Click Next.
Important: You will receive a message that any data on the destination volume will be lost when you perform the recovery. Make sure that the destination volume is empty or does not contain information that you will need later.
On the Confirmation page, review the details, and then click Recover to restore the specified volumes.
On the Recovery progress page, you can view the status of the recovery operation and whether or not it was successfully completed.
Recover the system using a Windows Setup disc
You can recover your server operating system or full server by using a Windows Setup disc and a backup that you created earlier with Windows Server Backup. The Windows Setup disc enables you to access the System Recovery Options page in the Windows Recovery Environment. On some computers you may be able to access the Windows Recovery Environment on a recovery partition. You can also install Windows Recovery Environment locally on your server if you want to configure your servers to fail over to the Windows Recovery Environment if they fail to boot. (For instructions, see http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=94458.)
You recover the operating system by recovering all critical volumes—volumes that do not contain system components will not be restored. You recover the full server by recovering all volumes.
When you perform a recovery of the operating system or full server, you will need to specify the following:
- What backup you will use
- Where you will recover to
- Whether you will perform an operating system–only recovery or full server recovery
- Whether you will reformat and repartition your disks
Important: In a full server recovery, if you choose to reformat and repartition all disks, the existing data will be deleted. This includes any volumes that are currently used by the server but were not included in the backup.
The recovery of the operating system is performed by the Windows Recovery Environment using the LocalSystem user account.
For certain server roles and features, additional recovery options exist. For more information, see http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=93494.
Note: If you are using BitLocker Drive Encryption to protect your server and you need to perform a system recovery, make sure to reapply BitLocker Drive Encryption. This will not happen automatically—it must be enabled explicitly. For instructions, see the Windows BitLocker Drive Encryption Step-by-Step Guide (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=93107).
Before you begin, you should:
- If you are recovering to a new hard disk, make sure the disk is at least as big as the disk that contained the volumes that were backed up, regardless of the size of those volumes. For example, if there was only one volume that was 100 GB on a 1 TB disk during backup, you should use a disk that is at least 1 TB when restoring.
- If you are recovering just the operating system, make sure that you have a backup available that contains at least the critical volumes of the server. If you are recovering the full server, make sure that you have a backup available that contains all volumes of the server.
- Make sure that you have a Windows Setup disc for Windows Server 2008.
To recover your operating system or full server using a Windows Setup disc:
- Insert the Windows Setup disc into the CD or DVD drive and turn on the computer. If needed, press the required key to boot from the disc. The Install Windows Wizard should appear.
- Specify language settings, and then click Next.
- Click Repair your computer.
- Setup searches the hard disk drives for an existing Windows installation and then displays the results in System Recovery Options. If you are recovering the operating system onto separate hardware, the list should be empty (there should be no operating system on the computer). Click Next.
- On the System Recovery Options page, click Windows Complete PC Restore. This opens the Windows Complete PC Restore Wizard.
- Do one of the following:
- Click Use the latest available backup (recommended) and then click Next.
- Click Restore a different backup and then click Next.
- If you chose to restore a different backup, on the Select the location of the backup page, do one of the following:
Click the computer that contains the backup that you want to use, and then click Next.
Important: If the storage location contains backups of multiple computers, make sure that you click the row for the backups for the computer that you want to use.
Then, on the Select the backup to restore page, click the backup that you want to use, and then click Next.
Click Advanced to browse for a backup on the network, and then click Next.
- On the Choose how to restore the backup page, do the following optional tasks, and then click Next:
Select the Format and repartition disks check box to delete existing partitions and reformat the destination disks to be the same as the backup. This enables the Exclude disks button. Click this button and then select the check boxes associated with any disks that you want to exclude from being formatted and partitioned. The disk that contains the backup that you are using is automatically excluded.
- Unless a disk is excluded, data on it can be lost—regardless of whether it was part of the backup or whether it has volumes that are being restored.
- In Exclude disks, if you do not see all the disks that are attached to the computer, you might need to install the associated drivers for the storage device.
Select the Only restore system disks check box to perform an operating system–only recovery.
Click Install drivers to install device drivers for the hardware that you are recovering to.
Click Advanced to specify whether the computer is restarted and the disks are checked for errors immediate after the recovery.
- Confirm the details for the restoration, and then click Finish.
To verify that a volume recovery was successful, after you perform the recovery, look for Event ID 194, which indicates that the recovery completed without errors.
To perform this procedure, you must have membership in Backup Operators or Administrators, or you must have been delegated the appropriate authority.
To verify that a volume recovery was successful:
- Open Event Viewer. Click Start, click Administrative Tools, and then click Event Viewer.
- In the left pane, double-click Applications and Service Logs, double-click Microsoft, double-click Windows, double-click Backup, and then click Operational.
- In the Event ID column, look for event 194.
- For this event, confirm that the the value in the Source column is Backup.