Procedure: Seize the Key Master Role

 

Applies To: Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

Use the following procedures to seize the Key Master role for a zone that has been signed with DNSSEC when the current Key Master server is offline and the DNS service is not available. To move the Key Master role when the current Key Master is online and available, see Procedure: Move the Key Master Role.

Important

When you seize the Key Master role, the new Key Master must have access to private key material for the zone. If the new Key Master does not have this access, all signing keys in the zone must be replaced with new keys, and the zone must be re-signed. If trust anchors have been distributed for the zone, these trust anchors must also be manually updated after zone re-signing. For more information, see Seizing the Key Master role.

To be a Key Master for a zone, a DNS server must be a primary, authoritative DNS server for that zone, and it must be capable of online signing of dynamic DNS zones. You cannot move the Key Master role for zones that are not Active Directory-integrated because these zones can have only one primary, authoritative DNS server.

Procedures are provided using the DNS Manager console and Windows PowerShell. When you have completed the procedures in this topic, return to the parent checklist.

Choose DNS Manager or Windows PowerShell to perform this procedure:

Seize the Key Master role using DNS Manager

Membership in the Administrators group, or equivalent, is the minimum required to complete these procedures. Review details about using the appropriate accounts and group memberships at Local and Domain Default Groups (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=83477).

To seize the Key Master role using DNS Manager

  1. Open DNS Manager on a primary, authoritative DNS server or connect to a primary, authoritative DNS server from another location using DNS Manager.

  2. In the console tree, right-click the zone for which you plan to move the Key Master role, point to DNSSEC, and then click Properties. An alert will be displayed indicating that DNSSEC settings for the zone could not be loaded from the Key Master.

  3. In the pop-up window that appears, click Yes.

    Note

    If you do not see an alert, verify that the Key Master is offline. If the Key Master is online, and you still wish to move the Key Master role, see Procedure: Move the Key Master Role to move the Key Master. Do not use this procedure to seize the Key Master role.

  4. On the Key Master tab, select Use the following DNS server as the Key Master.

  5. Click the drop-down list, and then click Yes in the pop-up window that appears. The local DNS server will create a list of DNS servers that are capable of being the new Key Master for the zone.

  6. Choose a DNS server from the list for the new Key Master, and click OK.

  7. Click Yes in the dialog box that appears to move the Key Master role to the DNS server that was chosen. If you click No, the operation will be cancelled and the Key Master will remain unchanged.

  8. If you see a dialog box warning that the Key Master cannot be contacted to transfer private key material, this means that the current DNS server does not have access to private key material. In this scenario, transferring the Key Master role also requires that the zone be re-signed and trust anchors must be updated. Click Yes to continue.

  9. Confirm that The Key Master for the zone <zone name> has been updated successfully is displayed, and then click OK.

This procedure will immediately change the Key Master.

Seize the Key Master role using Windows PowerShell

Membership in the Administrators group, or equivalent, is the minimum required to complete these procedures. Review details about using the appropriate accounts and group memberships at Local and Domain Default Groups (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=83477).

To use the Windows PowerShell examples that are provided, replace server and zone names with the names you will use in your environment.

To seize the Key Master role using Windows PowerShell

  1. Open an elevated Windows PowerShell prompt on a primary, authoritative DNS server.

  2. To seize the Key Master role, use the Reset-DnsServerZoneKeyMasterRole cmdlet with the SeizeRole parameter. See the following example.

    PS C:\> Reset-DnsServerZoneKeyMasterRole -ZoneName secure.contoso.com -KeyMasterServer dc3.contoso.com –SeizeRole -Force
    

    In this example, the SeizeRole parameter is used to seize, rather than move, the Key Master role, and the Force parameter is used to skip confirmation steps. The Key Master role for the zone secure.contoso.com is transferred to the server dc3.contoso.com.

To verify that the Key Master role was successfully transferred, you can use the Get-DnsServerDnsSecZoneSetting cmdlet. See the following example.

PS C:\> Get-DnsServerDnsSecZoneSetting -ZoneName secure.contoso.com

ZoneName                      : secure.contoso.com
IsKeyMasterServer             : False
KeyMasterServer               : DC3.contoso.com
KeyMasterStatus               : Online
DenialOfExistence             : NSec3
NSec3HashAlgorithm            : RsaSha1
NSec3Iterations               : 50
NSec3OptOut                   : False
IsNSec3SaltConfigured         : True
NSec3RandomSaltLength         : 8
NSec3UserSalt                 : -
DnsKeyRecordSetTTL            : 01:00:00
DSRecordSetTTL                : 01:00:00
DSRecordGenerationAlgorithm   : {Sha1, Sha256}
DistributeTrustAnchor         : {None}
EnableRfc5011KeyRollover      : True
ParentHasSecureDelegation     : False
SecureDelegationPollingPeriod : 12:00:00
PropagationTime               : 2.00:00:00
SignatureInceptionOffset      : 01:00:00

This procedure will immediately change the Key Master.

See also

DNSSEC in Windows

DNSSEC Deployment Planning