Array.BinarySearch<T> Method (array<T[], Int32, Int32, T)

Searches a range of elements in a one-dimensional sorted Array for a value, using the IComparable<T> generic interface implemented by each element of the Array and by the specified value.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Syntax

'Declaration
Public Shared Function BinarySearch(Of T) ( _
    array As T(), _
    index As Integer, _
    length As Integer, _
    value As T _
) As Integer
public static int BinarySearch<T>(
    T[] array,
    int index,
    int length,
    T value
)

Type Parameters

  • T
    The type of the elements of the array.

Parameters

  • array
    Type: array<T[]
    The sorted one-dimensional, zero-based Array to search.
  • index
    Type: System.Int32
    The starting index of the range to search.
  • length
    Type: System.Int32
    The length of the range to search.
  • value
    Type: T
    The object to search for.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
The index of the specified value in the specified array, if value is found. If value is not found and value is less than one or more elements in array, a negative number which is the bitwise complement of the index of the first element that is larger than value. If value is not found and value is greater than any of the elements in array, a negative number which is the bitwise complement of (the index of the last element plus 1).

Exceptions

Exception Condition
ArgumentNullException

array is nulla null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

index is less than the lower bound of array.

-or-

length is less than zero.

ArgumentException

index and length do not specify a valid range in array.

-or-

value is of a type that is not compatible with the elements of array.

InvalidOperationException

value does not implement the IComparable<T> generic interface, and the search encounters an element that does not implement the IComparable<T> generic interface.

Remarks

If the Array does not contain the specified value, the method returns a negative integer. You can apply the bitwise complement operator (~) to the negative result (in Visual Basic, Xor the negative result with -1) to produce an index. If this index is greater than or equal to the size of the array, there are no elements larger than value in the array. Otherwise, it is the index of the first element that is larger than value.

Either value or every element of array must implement the IComparable<T> generic interface, which is used for comparisons. The elements of array must already be sorted in increasing value according to the sort order defined by the IComparable<T> implementation; otherwise, the result might be incorrect.

NoteNote:

If value does not implement the IComparable<T> generic interface, the elements of array are not tested for IComparable<T> before the search begins. An exception is thrown if the search encounters an element that does not implement IComparable<T>.

Duplicate elements are allowed. If the Array contains more than one element equal to value, the method returns the index of only one of the occurrences, and not necessarily the first one.

nulla null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic) can always be compared with any other reference type; therefore, comparisons with nulla null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic) do not generate an exception. When sorting, nulla null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic) is considered to be less than any other object.

NoteNote:

For every element tested, value is passed to the appropriate IComparable<T> implementation, even if value is nulla null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic). That is, the IComparable<T> implementation determines how a given element compares to nulla null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

This method is an O(log n) operation, where n is length.

Version Information

Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

Platforms

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.