StreamReader Constructor (String, Encoding, Boolean)

When it is called by trusted applications, initializes a new instance of the StreamReader class for the specified file name, using the specified character encoding and byte order mark detection option.

Namespace:  System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Syntax

'Declaration
Public Sub New ( _
    path As String, _
    encoding As Encoding, _
    detectEncodingFromByteOrderMarks As Boolean _
)
public StreamReader(
    string path,
    Encoding encoding,
    bool detectEncodingFromByteOrderMarks
)

Parameters

  • detectEncodingFromByteOrderMarks
    Type: System.Boolean
    true to look for byte order marks at the beginning of the file; otherwise, false.

Exceptions

Exception Condition
ArgumentException

path is an empty string ("").

ArgumentNullException

path or encoding is nulla null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

FileNotFoundException

The file cannot be found.

DirectoryNotFoundException

The specified path is invalid; for example, it might refer to an unmapped drive.

NotSupportedException

path includes an incorrect or invalid syntax for file name, directory name, or volume label.

Remarks

This constructor initializes the encoding as specified by the encoding parameter, and the internal buffer to the default size.

The detectEncodingFromByteOrderMarks parameter detects the encoding by looking at the first three bytes of the stream. It automatically recognizes UTF-8, little-endian Unicode, and big-endian Unicode text if the file starts with the appropriate byte order marks. Otherwise, the user-provided encoding is used. See the Encoding.GetPreamble method for more information.

The path parameter can be a file name, including a file on a Universal Naming Convention (UNC) share.

The path parameter is not required to be a file stored on disk; it can be any part of a system that supports access using streams.

Caution noteCaution:

When you compile a set of characters with a particular cultural setting and retrieve those same characters with a different cultural setting, the characters might not be interpretable, and could cause an exception to be thrown.

Platform Notes

Silverlight for Windows Phone Silverlight for Windows Phone

 This member has a SecurityCriticalAttribute attribute on Silverlight for Windows Phone, because the attribute was present in Silverlight 3. This attribute restricts this member to internal use. Application code that uses this member throws a MethodAccessException.

Version Information

Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

Platforms

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.