IEnumerator.MoveNext Method

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Advances the enumerator to the next element of the collection.

Namespace:  System.Collections
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)


Function MoveNext As Boolean
bool MoveNext()

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the enumerator was successfully advanced to the next element; false if the enumerator has passed the end of the collection.


Exception Condition

The collection was modified after the enumerator was created.


After an enumerator is created or after the Reset method is called, an enumerator is positioned before the first element of the collection, and the first call to the MoveNext method moves the enumerator over the first element of the collection.

If MoveNext passes the end of the collection, the enumerator is positioned after the last element in the collection and MoveNext returns false. When the enumerator is at this position, subsequent calls to MoveNext also return false until Reset is called.

An enumerator remains valid as long as the collection remains unchanged. If changes are made to the collection, such as adding, modifying, or deleting elements, the enumerator is irrecoverably invalidated and the next call to MoveNext or Reset throws an InvalidOperationException.


The following code example demonstrates the implementation of the IEnumerator interfaces for a custom collection. In this example, MoveNext is not explicitly called, but it is implemented to support the use of foreach (for each in Visual Basic). This code example is part of a larger example for the IEnumerator interface.

Public Class PeopleEnum
   Implements IEnumerator

   Public _people() As Person

   ' Enumerators are positioned before the first element
   ' until the first MoveNext() call.
   Dim position As Integer = -1

   Public Sub New(ByVal list() As Person)
      _people = list
   End Sub

   Public Function MoveNext() As Boolean Implements IEnumerator.MoveNext
      position = position + 1
      Return (position < _people.Length)
   End Function

   Public Sub Reset() Implements IEnumerator.Reset
      position = -1
   End Sub

   Public ReadOnly Property Current() As Object Implements IEnumerator.Current
            Return _people(position)
         Catch ex As IndexOutOfRangeException
            Throw New InvalidOperationException()
         End Try
      End Get
   End Property
End Class
public class PeopleEnum : IEnumerator
   public Person[] _people;

   // Enumerators are positioned before the first element
   // until the first MoveNext() call.
   int position = -1;

   public PeopleEnum(Person[] list)
      _people = list;

   public bool MoveNext()
      return (position < _people.Length);

   public void Reset()
      position = -1;

   public object Current
            return _people[position];
         catch (IndexOutOfRangeException)
            throw new InvalidOperationException();

Version Information


Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0


For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.