StateOracle user defined type

Represents an oracle for state preparation.

The inputs to the oracle $O$ are:

  • An integer indexing the flag qubit $f$.
  • The system register $s$ that will store the desired quantum state $\ket{\psi}_s$.
newtype StateOracle = ((Int, Qubit[]) => Unit : Adjoint, Controlled);

Remarks

This oracle defined by $$ O\ket{0}_{f}\ket{0}_s= \lambda\ket{1}_f\ket{\psi}_s + \sqrt{1-|\lambda|^2}\ket{0}_f\cdots, $$ acts on the on computational basis state $\ket{0}_{f}\ket{0}_s$ to create the target state $\ket{\psi}_s$ with amplitude $\lambda$ in the basis flagged by $\ket{1}_f$. The first parameter is an index to the qubit register of $\ket{0}_f$. The second parameter encompassed both registers.