Microsoft Graph Connect Sample for ASP.NET Core 3.1
Scenario: Use ASP.NET Core 3.1 MVC to connect to Microsoft Graph using the delegated permissions flow to retrieve a user's profile, their photo from Azure AD (v2.0) endpoint and then send an email that contains the photo as attachment.
The sample uses OpenID Connect for sign in, Microsoft Authentication Library (MSAL) for .NET to obtain an access token, and the Microsoft Graph Client Library for .NET (SDK) to interact with Microsoft Graph. The MSAL SDK provides features for working with the Azure AD v2.0 endpoint, which enables developers to write a single code flow that handles authentication for both work or school (Azure Active Directory) and personal (Microsoft) accounts. The sample uses only delegate permissions, therefore it does not require admin consent.
Table of contents
- Register the app
- Configure and run the sample
- Key components of the sample
- Questions and comments
- Additional resources
Differences between ADAL and MSAL
ADAL (Azure AD v1.0) and MSAL (Azure AD v2.0) are both authentication libraries for a wide variety of languages, which enable you to acquire tokens from Azure AD, to access protected Web APIs (Microsoft APIs or applications registered with Azure Active Directory). ADAL applications allow users to sign-in with their work and school account and need to be registered in the Azure portal, while applications that use the new (in-preview) MSAL allow users to sign-in with either their work and school accounts or their personal accounts and need to be registered in the application registration portal, unless they are Azure AD B2C applications. Both ADAL and MSAL do have their .NET client libraries: ADAL.NET and MSAL.NET respectively. Learn more about the migration and differences between ADAL.NET and MSAL.NET here.
To use the Microsoft Graph Connect Sample for ASP.NET Core 3.1, you need the following:
- Visual Studio 2019 with .NET Core 3.1 SDK installed on your development computer.
- Either a personal Microsoft account or a work or school account. (You don't need to be an administrator of the tenant.)
- The application ID and key from the application that you register on the App Registration Portal.
Register the app
Navigate to the Azure AD Portal. Login using a personal account (aka: Microsoft Account) or Work or School Account with permissions to create app registrations.
Note: If you do not have permissions to create app registrations contact your Azure AD domain administrators.
Click Azure Active Directory from the left-hand navigation menu.
Click App registrations from the current blade navigation pane.
Click New registration from the current blade content.
On the Register an application page, specify the following values:
- Name = [Desired app name]
- Supported account types = [Choose the value that applies to your needs]
- Redirect URI
- Type (dropdown) = Web
- Value =
Note: Ensure that the Redirect URI value is unique within your domain. This value can be changed at a later time and does not need to point to a hosted URI. If the example URI above is already used please choose a unique value.
- Under Advanced settings, set the value of the Logout URL to
- Copy the Redirect URI as you will need it later.
Once the app is created, copy the Application (client) ID and Directory (tenant) ID from the overview page and store it temporarily as you will need both later.
Click Certificates & secrets from the current blade navigation pane.
Click New client secret.
On the Add a client secret dialog, specify the following values:
- Description = MyAppSecret1
- Expires = In 1 year
After the screen has updated with the newly created client secret copy the VALUE of the client secret and store it temporarily as you will need it later.
Important: This secret string is never shown again, so make sure you copy it now. In production apps you should always use certificates as your application secrets, but for this sample we will use a simple shared secret password.
Click Authentication from the current blade navigation pane.
- Select 'ID tokens'
Click API permissions from the current blade navigation pane.
Click Add a permission from the current blade content.
On the Request API permissions panel select Microsoft Graph.
Select Delegated permissions.
In the "Select permissions" search box type "User".
Select openid, email, profile, offline_access, User.Read, User.ReadBasic.All and Mail.Send.
Click Add permissions at the bottom of flyout.
Note: Microsoft recommends that you explicitly list all delegated permissions when registering your app. While the incremental and dynamic consent capabilities of the v2 endpoint make this step optional, failing to do so can negatively impact admin consent.
Configure and run the sample
Download or clone the Microsoft Graph Connect Sample for ASP.NET Core.
Open the MicrosoftGraphAspNetCoreConnectSample.sln sample file in Visual Studio 2019.
In Solution Explorer, open the appsettings.json file in the root directory of the project.
a. For the AppId key, replace
ENTER_YOUR_APP_IDwith the application ID of your registered application.
b. For the AppSecret key, replace
ENTER_YOUR_SECRETwith the password of your registered application. Note that in production apps you should always use certificates as your application secrets, but for this sample we will use a simple shared secret password.
Press F5 to build and run the sample. This will restore NuGet package dependencies and open the app.
If you see any errors while installing packages, make sure the local path where you placed the solution is not too long/deep. Moving the solution closer to the root of your drive resolves this issue.
Sign in with your personal (MSA) account or your work or school account and grant the requested permissions.
You should see your profile picture and your profile data in JSON on the start page.
Change the email address in the box to another valid account's email in the same tenant and choose the Load data button. When the operation completes, the profile of the choosen user is displayed on the page.
Optionally edit the recipient list, and then choose the Send email button. When the mail is sent, a Success message is displayed on the top of the page.
Key components of the sample
The following files contain code that's related to connecting to Microsoft Graph, loading user data and sending emails.
appsettings.jsonContains values used for authentication and authorization.
Startup.csConfigures the app and the services it uses, including authentication.
AccountController.csHandles sign in and sign out.
HomeController.csHandles the requests from the UI.
Index.cshtmlContains the sample's UI.
GraphAuthProvider.csGets an access token using MSAL's AcquireTokenSilent method.
GraphSdkHelper.csInitiates the SDK client used to interact with Microsoft Graph.
GraphService.csContains methods that use the GraphServiceClient to build and send calls to the Microsoft Graph service and to process the response.
- The GetUserJson action gets the user's profile by an email address and converts it to JSON.
- The GetPictureBase64 action gets the user's profile picture and converts it to a base64 string.
- The SendEmail action sends an email on behalf of the current user.
If you'd like to contribute to this sample, see CONTRIBUTING.MD.
Questions and comments
We'd love to get your feedback about the Microsoft Graph Connect Sample for ASP.NET Core. You can send your questions and suggestions to us in the Issues section of this repository.
Questions about Microsoft Graph in general should be posted to Stack Overflow. Make sure that your questions or comments are tagged with [MicrosoftGraph].
You can suggest changes for Microsoft Graph on UserVoice.
- Microsoft Graph documentation
- Other Microsoft Graph Connect samples
- Microsoft Graph Webhooks Sample for ASP.NET Core
- Microsoft Graph Connect Sample for ASP.NET 4.6
Copyright (c) 2020 Microsoft. All rights reserved.