How to Create a Static Collection

In System Center Configuration Manager, your application uses SMS_Collection Server WMI Class to define the attributes of a collection, such as the membership rules and the refresh schedule. The MemberClassName property contains the system-generated class name that contains the members of the collection.

Members of a collection are specified by using direct rules, query rules, or both. Direct rules define an explicit resource, and query rules define a dynamic collection that is regularly evaluated based on the current state of the site.


When creating a direct membership rule, remember that the rule must always have the same name as the computer that the rule specifies.

Your application uses the SMS_CollectionRuleDirect Server WMI Class class to define direct rules. This approach is used for resources that are static in nature. For example, if you have a limited number of licenses for a particular software application, the application should use direct rules to advertise to specific computers or users.

Collections are closely tied to packages, programs and advertisements. For more information, see Software Distribution Overview.

The following examples require the following values:

  • A Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) connection object.

  • A new static collection name.

  • A new static collection comment.

  • The 'owned by this site' flag.

  • A resource class name.

  • A resource ID.

  • A collection identifier to limit the scope of membership.


If the All Systems (SMS00001) collection has been removed from the site server, the VBScript example will not work.

Example of the subroutine call in Visual Basic:

Call CreateStaticCollection(swbemconnection, "New Static Collection Name", "New static collection comment.", true, "SMS_R_System", 2, "SMS00001")  

Example of the method call in C#:

CreateStaticCollection (WMIConnection, "New Static Collection Name", "New static collection comment.", true, "SMS_R_System", 2, "SMS00001")  

To create a static collection

  1. Set up a connection to the SMS Provider. For more information, see SMS Provider fundamentals.

  2. Create the new collection object by using the SMS_Collection Server WMI Class class.

  3. Create the direct rule by using the SMS_CollectionRuleDirect Server WMI Class class.

  4. Add the rule to the collection.

  5. Refresh the collection.


The following example method creates a collection.

For information about calling the sample code, see Calling Configuration Manager Code Snippets.

' Set up a connection to the local provider.  
Set swbemLocator = CreateObject("WbemScripting.SWbemLocator")  
Set swbemconnection= swbemLocator.ConnectServer(".", "root\sms")  
Set providerLoc = swbemconnection.InstancesOf("SMS_ProviderLocation")  

For Each Location In providerLoc  
    If location.ProviderForLocalSite = True Then  
        Set swbemconnection = swbemLocator.ConnectServer(Location.Machine, "root\sms\site_" + Location.SiteCode)  
        Exit For  
    End If  

Call CreateStaticCollection(swbemconnection, "New Static Collection Name", "New static collection comment.", true, "SMS_R_System", 2, "SMS00001")  

Sub CreateStaticCollection(connection, newCollectionName, newCollectionComment, ownedByThisSite, resourceClassName, resourceID, limitToCollectionID)  

    ' Create the collection.  
    Set newCollection = connection.Get("SMS_Collection").SpawnInstance_  
    newCollection.Comment = newCollectionComment  
    newCollection.Name = newCollectionName  
    newCollection.OwnedByThisSite = ownedByThisSite  
    newCollection.LimitToCollectionID = limitToCollectionID  

    ' Save the new collection and save the collection path for later.  
    Set collectionPath = newCollection.Put_      

    ' Create the direct rule.  
    Set newDirectRule = connection.Get("SMS_CollectionRuleDirect").SpawnInstance_  
    newDirectRule.ResourceClassName = resourceClassName  
    newDirectRule.ResourceID = resourceID  

    ' Add the new query rule to a variable.  
    Set newCollectionRule = newDirectRule  

    ' Get the collection.  
    Set newCollection = connection.Get(collectionPath.RelPath)  

    ' Add the rules to the collection.  
    newCollection.AddMembershipRule newCollectionRule  

    ' Call RequestRefresh to initiate the collection evaluator.   
    newCollection.RequestRefresh False  

End Sub  
public void CreateStaticCollection(WqlConnectionManager connection, string newCollectionName, string newCollectionComment, bool ownedByThisSite, string resourceClassName, int resourceID, string limitToCollectionID)  
        // Create a new SMS_Collection object.  
        IResultObject newCollection = connection.CreateInstance("SMS_Collection");  

        // Populate new collection properties.  
        newCollection["Name"].StringValue = newCollectionName;  
        newCollection["Comment"].StringValue = newCollectionComment;  
        newCollection["OwnedByThisSite"].BooleanValue = ownedByThisSite;  
        newCollection["LimitToCollectionID"].StringValue = limitToCollectionID;   

        // Save the new collection object and properties.    
        // In this case, it seems necessary to 'get' the object again to access the properties.    

        // Create a new static rule object.  
        IResultObject newStaticRule = connection.CreateInstance("SMS_CollectionRuleDirect");  
        newStaticRule["ResourceClassName"].StringValue = resourceClassName;  
        newStaticRule["ResourceID"].IntegerValue = resourceID;  

        // Add the rule. Although not used in this sample, staticID contains the query identifier.                     
        Dictionary<string, object> addMembershipRuleParameters = new Dictionary<string, object>();  
        addMembershipRuleParameters.Add("collectionRule", newStaticRule);  
        IResultObject staticID = newCollection.ExecuteMethod("AddMembershipRule", addMembershipRuleParameters);  

        // Start collection evaluator.  
        Dictionary<string, object> requestRefreshParameters = new Dictionary<string, object>();  
        requestRefreshParameters.Add("IncludeSubCollections", false);  
        newCollection.ExecuteMethod("RequestRefresh", requestRefreshParameters);  

        // Output message.  
        Console.WriteLine("Created collection" + newCollectionName);  

    catch (SmsException ex)  
        Console.WriteLine("Failed to create collection. Error: " + ex.Message);  

The example method has the following parameters:

Parameter Type Description
connection - Managed: WqlConnectionManager
- VBScript: SWbemServices
A valid connection to the SMS Provider.
newCollectionName - Managed: String
- VBScript: String
The unique name that represents the collection in the Configuration Manager console.
newCollectionComment - Managed: String
- VBScript: String
General comment or note that documents the collection.
ownedByThisSite - Managed: Boolean
- VBScript: Boolean
true if the collection originated at the local Configuration Manager site.
resourceClassName - Managed: String
- VBScript: String
The resource name of the static rule object.
resourceID - Managed: Integer
- VBScript: Integer
The resource ID.
limitToCollectionID - Managed: String
- VBScript: String
Collection identifier to limit the scope of membership.

Compiling the Code

The C# example requires:










Robust Programming

For more information about error handling, see About Configuration Manager Errors.

.NET Framework Security

For more information about securing Configuration Manager applications, see Securing Configuration Manager Applications.

See Also

SMS_Collection Server WMI Class
SMS_CollectionRuleDirect Server WMI Class
Software distribution overview About deployments Objects overview How to Connect to an SMS Provider in Configuration Manager by Using Managed Code
How to Connect to an SMS Provider in Configuration Manager by Using WMI