Object.seal Function (JavaScript)

Prevents the modification of attributes of existing properties, and prevents the addition of new properties.




Required. The object on which to lock the attributes.

Return Value

The object that is passed to the function.


If the object argument is not an object, a TypeError exception is thrown.


The Object.seal function does both of the following:

  • Makes the object non-extensible, so that new properties cannot be added to it.

  • Sets the configurable attribute to false for all properties of the object.

    When the configurable attribute is false, property attributes cannot be changed and the property cannot be deleted. When configurable is false and writable is true, the value and writable attributes can be changed.

    The Object.seal function does not change the writable attribute.

    For more information about how to set property attributes, see Object.defineProperty Function. To get the attributes of a property, you can use the Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptor Function.

The following related functions prevent the modification of object attributes.

Function Object is made non-extensible configurable is set to false for each property writable is set to false for each property
Object.preventExtensions Yes No No
Object.seal Yes Yes No
Object.freeze Yes Yes Yes

The following functions return true if all of the conditions marked in the following table are true.

Function Object is extensible? configurable is false for all properties? writable is false for all data properties?
Object.isExtensible Yes No No
Object.isSealed No Yes No
Object.isFrozen No Yes Yes


The following example illustrates the use of the Object.seal function.

// Create an object that has two properties.  
var obj = { pasta: "spaghetti", length: 10 };  
// Seal the object.  

// Try to add a new property, and then verify that it is not added.   
obj.newProp = 50;  

// Try to delete a property, and then verify that it is still present.   
delete obj.length;  

// Output:  
// true  
// undefined  
// 10  


Supported in the following document modes: Internet Explorer 9 standards, Internet Explorer 10 standards, and Internet Explorer 11 standards. Also supported in Store apps (Windows 8 and Windows Phone 8.1). See Version Information.
Not supported in the following document modes: Quirks, Internet Explorer 6 standards, Internet Explorer 7 standards, Internet Explorer 8 standards.

See Also

Object.preventExtensions Function
Object.freeze Function
Object.isExtensible Function
Object.isSealed Function
Object.isFrozen Function