Microsoft Security Bulletin MS15-027 - Important

Vulnerability in NETLOGON Could Allow Spoofing (3002657)

Published: March 10, 2015 | Updated: March 16, 2015

Version: 2.0

Executive Summary

This security update resolves a vulnerability in Microsoft Windows. The vulnerability could allow spoofing if an attacker who is logged on to a domain-joined system runs a specially crafted application that could establish a connection with other domain-joined systems as the impersonated user or system. The attacker must be logged on to a domain-joined system and be able to observe network traffic.

This security update is rated Important for all supported editions of Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 2012, and Windows 2012 R2. For more information, see the Affected Software section.

The update addresses the vulnerability by modifying the way that Netlogon handles establishing secure channels. For more information about the vulnerability, see the Vulnerability Information section.

For more information about this update, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 3002657.

Affected Software

The following software versions or editions are affected. Versions or editions that are not listed are either past their support life cycle or are not affected. To determine the support life cycle for your software version or edition, see Microsoft Support Lifecycle.

Operating System Maximum Security Impact Aggregate Severity Rating Updates Replaced
Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2
(3002657-v2)
Spoofing Important 2207559 in MS10-101
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2
(3002657-v2)
Spoofing Important 2207559 in MS10-101
Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems
(3002657-v2)
Spoofing Important 2207559 in MS10-101
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
(3002657)
Spoofing Important None
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
(3002657)
Spoofing Important None
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2
(3002657)
Spoofing Important None
Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
(3002657)
Spoofing Important None
Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 1
(3002657)
Spoofing Important None
Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2
Windows Server 2012
(3002657)
Spoofing Important None
Windows Server 2012 R2
(3002657)
Spoofing Important None
Server Core installation option
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
(3002657)
Spoofing Important None
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
(3002657)
Spoofing Important None
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 (Server Core installation)
(3002657)
Spoofing Important None
Windows Server 2012 (Server Core installation)
(3002657)
Spoofing Important None
Windows Server 2012 R2 (Server Core installation)
(3002657)
Spoofing Important None

Severity Ratings and Vulnerability Identifiers

The following severity ratings assume the potential maximum impact of the vulnerability. For information regarding the likelihood, within 30 days of this security bulletin's release, of the exploitability of the vulnerability in relation to its severity rating and security impact, please see the Exploitability Index in the March bulletin summary.

Vulnerability Severity Rating and Maximum Security Impact by Affected Software
Affected Software NETLOGON Spoofing Vulnerability - CVE-2015-0005 Aggregate Severity Rating
Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2
(3002657-v2)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2
(3002657-v2)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems
(3002657-v2)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
(3002657)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
(3002657)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2
(3002657)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
(3002657)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 1
(3002657)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2
Windows Server 2012
(3002657)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2012 R2
(3002657)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Server Core installation option
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
(3002657)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
(3002657)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 (Server Core installation)
(3002657)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2012 (Server Core installation)
(3002657)
Important
Spoofing
Important
Windows Server 2012 R2 (Server Core installation)
(3002657)
Important
Spoofing
Important

Vulnerability Information

NETLOGON Spoofing Vulnerability - CVE-2015-0005

A spoofing vulnerability exists in NETLOGON that is caused when the Netlogon service improperly establishes a secure communications channel belonging to a different machine with a spoofed computer name. To successfully exploit this vulnerability, an attacker would first have to be logged on to a domain joined system and be able to observe network traffic. An attacker could then run a specially crafted application that could establish a secure channel connection belonging to different computer. An attacker may be able to use the established secure channel to obtain session-related information for the actual secure channel of the spoofed computer. Workstations and servers are primarily at risk from this vulnerability. The update addresses the vulnerability by modifying the way that Netlogon handles establishing secure channels.

This update is applicable on server machines running as domain controllers. It is suggested, however, that the update be applied to all affected platforms so that machines are protected if they are promoted to domain controller role in the future.

Microsoft received information about this vulnerability through coordinated vulnerability disclosure. When this security bulletin was issued, Microsoft had not received any information to indicate that this vulnerability had been publicly used to attack customers.

Mitigating Factors

Microsoft has not identified any mitigating factors for this vulnerability.

Workarounds

Microsoft has not identified any workarounds for this vulnerability.

Security Update Deployment

For Security Update Deployment information, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base article referenced here in the Executive Summary.

Acknowledgments

Microsoft recognizes the efforts of those in the security community who help us protect customers through responsible vulnerability disclosure. See Acknowledgments for more information.

Disclaimer

The information provided in the Microsoft Knowledge Base is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Microsoft disclaims all warranties, either express or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers be liable for any damages whatsoever including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, loss of business profits or special damages, even if Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply.

Revisions

  • V1.0 (March 10, 2015): Bulletin published.
  • V2.0 (March 16, 2015): To address a connectivity issue with update 3002657 when installed on supported editions of Windows Server 2003, Microsoft released update 3002657-v2 for all supported editions of Windows Server 2003. Customers who have not already installed the 3002657 update should install update 3002657-v2 to be fully protected from this vulnerability. To avoid the possibility of future detection logic problems, Microsoft recommends that customers running Windows Server 2003 who have already successfully installed the 3002657 update also apply update 3002657-v2 even though they are already protected from this vulnerability. Customers running other Microsoft operating systems are not affected by this rerelease and do not need to take any action. See Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 3002657 for more information.

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