Create or customize a content type

Content types help make it easy to provide consistency across a site. You create or customize a content type with the characteristics that you want, such as a certain template, specific metadata, and so on. For example, when a user chooses an item from the New Item or New Document menu, you can ensure that customized content is used.

Content types created in SharePoint admin center are saved to the SharePoint content type hub located at /sites/ContentTypeHub.

New Document Menu

To learn more about content types, see Introduction to content types and content type publishing.

To understand how the built-in content types relate to each other, see SharePoint in Microsoft 365 default content type hierarchy.

To create a content type, follow these steps:

To create a content type

  1. Go to the SharePoint admin center.

  2. Under Content services, select Content type gallery.

  3. Select Create content type. The Create content type panel appears.

  4. On the Create content type panel, provide a name and description for the new content type.

    Create content type

  5. In the Parent content type section, from the Category and Content type dropdowns, select the content type that you want to base this content type on.

  6. In the Category section, you are provided two choices:

    • To put the new content type in an existing category, select Use an existing category, and from the Category dropdown, select a category.

    • To put the content in a new category, select Create a new category, and in the Category name box, provide a name.

  7. Select Create.

The new content type appears in the Content type gallery.

To change the name of a content type

  1. Go to the SharePoint admin center.

  2. Under Content services, select Content type gallery.

  3. On the Content type gallery page, under the Site content type column, select the name of the site content type that you want to change.

  4. On the content type page, on the menu bar, select Edit. The Edit content type panel appears.

  5. In the Name text box, change the name of the content type.

  6. When done, select Save.

Associate a document template with a content type

To make sure that documents have consistent content across a site, you can associate a Word, Excel, or PowerPoint template with a site content type.

For example, you might want employees to use a standard Excel template when they create a weekly time sheet. If you associate the template with a Timesheet content type, every time someone uses the Timesheet content type, the correct template is automatically loaded in the worksheet.

You can make it even easier for users by adding the Timesheet content type to a library. Then, users can open the correct timesheet just by selecting Timesheet on the New Documents menu. To learn how to do this, see Add a content type to a list or library.

To associate a template with a content type

  1. Go to the SharePoint admin center.

  2. Under Content services, select Content type gallery.

  3. On the Content type gallery page, under the Site content type column, select the name of the document-based content type that you want to change by associating a Word, Excel, or PowerPoint template.

  4. In the menu bar, under Settings, select Advanced Settings. The Advanced Settings panel appears.

  5. Enter the location of the template:

    • If the template is stored on your site, select Use an existing template, and then enter the URL for the template that you want to use. To edit the template, select Edit template.

    • If the document template is stored on your local computer, select Upload a new document template, and then select Upload. From the explorer page, locate the file that you want to use, select it, and then select Open.

  6. Under Permissions, to select whether the content type can be modified, select either Read or Edit. You can change this setting later from this page by anyone with permissions to edit this content type.

  7. Under Update site and lists, if you want to update all site and list content types that inherit from this content type with the settings on this page, select Enable.

  8. Select Save.

Add columns to a content type

Create or customize a site content type