Anticipating Errors

Error prevention is at least as important as error handling. This final section contains a short list of precautions your application can take to help make errors less likely to occur.

Check the state of objects by checking the value in the State property before trying to perform an operation using those objects. For example, if your application uses a global Connection, check its State property to see if it is already open before calling the Open method.

  • Any program that accepts data from a user must include code to validate that data before sending it to the data store. You cannot rely on the data store, the provider, ADO, or even your programming language to notify you of problems. You must check every byte entered by your users, making sure that data is the correct type for its field and that required fields are not empty.

    Check the data before you try to write any data to the data store. The easiest way to do so is to handle the WillMove event or the WillUpdateRecordset event. For a more complete discussion of handling ADO events, see Handling ADO Events.

    Make sure that Recordset objects are not beyond the boundaries of the Recordset before attempting to move the record pointer. If you try to MoveNext when EOF is True or MovePrev when BOF is True, an error will occur. If you perform any of the Move methods when both EOF and BOF are True, an error will be generated.

    Errors also will occur if you try to perform operations such as Seek and Find on an empty Recordset.