CompareBookmarks Method Example (VC++)

This example demonstrates the CompareBookmarks method. The relative value of bookmarks is seldom needed unless a particular bookmark is somehow special.

Designate a random row of a Recordset derived from the Authors table as the target of a search. Then display the position of each row relative to that target.

// BeginCompareBookmarksCpp.cpp  
// compile with: /EHsc  
#import "msado15.dll" no_namespace rename("EOF", "EndOfFile")  

#include <ole2.h>  
#include <stdio.h>  
#include <conio.h>  
#include <time.h>  
#include <stdlib.h>  

// Function declarations  
inline void TESTHR(HRESULT x) { if FAILED(x) _com_issue_error(x); };  
void CompareBookMarksX();  
void PrintProviderError(_ConnectionPtr pConnection);  
void PrintComError(_com_error &e);  

int main() {  
   if ( FAILED(::CoInitialize(NULL)) )  
      return -1;  

   CompareBookMarksX();  
   ::CoUninitialize();  
}  

void CompareBookMarksX() {  
   HRESULT hr = S_OK;  

   _bstr_t strCnn("Provider='sqloledb'; Data Source='My_Data_Source'; Initial Catalog='pubs'; Integrated Security='SSPI';");  

   // Initialize pointers on define. These are in the ADODB::  namespace.  
   _RecordsetPtr pRstAuthors = NULL;  
   _variant_t vTarget;  
   _bstr_t strAns;  
   _bstr_t strTitle;  
   strTitle = "CompareBookmarks Example";  
   try {      
      TESTHR(pRstAuthors.CreateInstance(__uuidof(Recordset)));  

      pRstAuthors->Open("SELECT * FROM authors ORDER BY au_id", strCnn, adOpenStatic, adLockReadOnly, adCmdText);  

      long count = pRstAuthors->RecordCount;  
      printf("Rows in the Recordset = %d\n", count);  
      if (count == 0)   
         exit(1);   // Exit if an empty recordset  

      srand( (unsigned)time( NULL ) );   // Randomize  

      count = int(rand() % (count-1));   // Get position between 1 and count-1  
      if (!count)   
         count++;  

      printf("Randomly chosen row position = %d\n", count);  
      _variant_t vtBookMark = (short)adBookmarkFirst;  
      pRstAuthors->Move(count,vtBookMark);   // Move row to random position  

      vTarget = pRstAuthors->Bookmark;   // Remember the mystery row.  
      count = 0;  
      pRstAuthors->MoveFirst();  

      while (!(pRstAuthors->EndOfFile)) {   // Loop through recordset  
         long result = pRstAuthors->CompareBookmarks(pRstAuthors->Bookmark, vTarget);  

         if (result == adCompareNotEqual)  
            printf("Row %d: Bookmarks are not equal. %d\n", count, result);  
         else if  (result == adCompareNotComparable)   
            printf("Row %d: Bookmarks are not comparable.\n", count);  
         else {  
            switch(result) {  
            case adCompareLessThan:  
               strAns = "less than";  
               break;  
            case adCompareEqual:  
               strAns = "equal to";  
               break;  
            case adCompareGreaterThan:  
               strAns = "greater than";  
               break;  
            default:  
               strAns = "in error comparing to";  
               break;  
            }  
            printf ("Row position  %d  is  %s  the target.\n",  
               count,(LPCSTR)strAns);  
         }  
         count++;  
         pRstAuthors->MoveNext();  
      }  
   }  
   catch(_com_error &e) {  
      // Notify the user of errors if any.  
      // Pass a connection pointer accessed from the Recordset.  
      _variant_t vtConnect = pRstAuthors->GetActiveConnection();  

      // GetActiveConnection returns connect string if connection  
      // is not open, else returns Connection object.  
      switch(vtConnect.vt) {  
      case VT_BSTR:  
         PrintComError(e);  
         break;  
      case VT_DISPATCH:  
         PrintProviderError(vtConnect);  
         break;  
      default:  
         printf("Errors occured.");  
         break;  
      }  
   }  

   // Clean up objects before exit.  
   if (pRstAuthors)  
      if (pRstAuthors->State == adStateOpen)  
         pRstAuthors->Close();  
}  

void PrintProviderError(_ConnectionPtr pConnection) {  
   // Print Provider Errors from Connection object.  
   // pErr is a record object in the Connection's Error collection.  
   ErrorPtr pErr = NULL;  

   if ( (pConnection->Errors->Count) > 0) {  
      long nCount = pConnection->Errors->Count;  
      // Collection ranges from 0 to nCount -1.  
      for (long i = 0 ; i < nCount ; i++) {  
         pErr = pConnection->Errors->GetItem(i);  
         printf("Error number: %x\t%s\n", pErr->Number, pErr->Description);  
      }  
   }  
}  

void PrintComError(_com_error &e) {  
   _bstr_t bstrSource(e.Source());  
   _bstr_t bstrDescription(e.Description());  

   // Print Com errors.    
   printf("Error\n");  
   printf("\tCode = %08lx\n", e.Error());  
   printf("\tCode meaning = %s\n", e.ErrorMessage());  
   printf("\tSource = %s\n", (LPCSTR) bstrSource);  
   printf("\tDescription = %s\n", (LPCSTR) bstrDescription);  
}  

See Also

CompareBookmarks Method (ADO)
Recordset Object (ADO)