Move Method Example (VC++)

This example uses the Move method to position the record pointer based on user input.


// BeginMoveCpp.cpp  
// compile with: /EHsc /c  
#import "msado15.dll" no_namespace rename("EOF", "EndOfFile")  

#include <stdio.h>  
#include <ole2.h>  
#include <stdlib.h>  
#include <conio.h>  
#include "icrsint.h"  

// This Class extracts fname, lname, city and state from the "authors" table.  
class CAuthorsRs : public CADORecordBinding {  

   // Column au_id is the 1st field in the recordset     
   ADO_VARIABLE_LENGTH_ENTRY2(2, adVarChar, m_au_fname, sizeof(m_au_fname), lemp_fnameStatus, TRUE)  
   ADO_VARIABLE_LENGTH_ENTRY2(3, adVarChar, m_au_lname, sizeof(m_au_lname), lemp_lnameStatus, TRUE)  
   ADO_VARIABLE_LENGTH_ENTRY2(4, adVarChar, m_au_city, sizeof(m_au_city), lemp_cityStatus, TRUE)  
   ADO_VARIABLE_LENGTH_ENTRY2(5, adChar, m_au_state, sizeof(m_au_state), lemp_stateStatus, TRUE)  

   char m_au_fname[21];  
   ULONG lemp_fnameStatus;  
   char m_au_lname[41];  
   ULONG lemp_lnameStatus;  
   char m_au_city[21];  
   ULONG lemp_cityStatus;  
   char m_au_state[3];  
   ULONG lemp_stateStatus;  

// Function Declaration.  
inline void TESTHR(HRESULT x) { if FAILED(x) _com_issue_error(x); };  
void MoveX();  
void PrintProviderError(_ConnectionPtr pConnection);  
void PrintComError(_com_error &e);  

inline char* mygets(char* strDest, int n) {     
   char strExBuff[10];  
   char* pstrRet = fgets(strDest, n, stdin);  

   if (pstrRet == NULL)  
      return NULL;  

   if (!strrchr(strDest, '\n'))  
      // Exhaust the input buffer.  
      do {  
         fgets(strExBuff, sizeof(strExBuff), stdin);  
      } while (!strrchr(strExBuff, '\n'));  
      // Replace '\n' with '\0'  
      strDest[strrchr(strDest, '\n') - strDest] = '\0';  

   return pstrRet;  

int main() {  
   if (FAILED(::CoInitialize(NULL)))  
      return -1;  


void MoveX() {  
   // Define ADO object pointers.  Initialize pointers on define.  These are in the ADODB::  namespace.  
   _RecordsetPtr pRstAuthors = NULL;  
   char *token1;  

   // Define Other Variables  
   IADORecordBinding *picRs = NULL;   // Interface Pointer declared    
   CAuthorsRs authorsrs;   // C++ class object  
   HRESULT hr = S_OK;  

   // Open Authors table  
   _bstr_t strCnn("Provider='sqloledb'; Data Source='My_Data_Source'; Initial Catalog='pubs'; Integrated Security='SSPI';");  

   try {  
      // Open recordset from Authors table.  

      pRstAuthors->CursorType = adOpenStatic;  
      // Use client cursor to allow use of AbsolutePosition property.  
      pRstAuthors->CursorLocation = adUseClient;  

      pRstAuthors->Open("SELECT au_id, au_fname, au_lname, city, "  
         "state FROM Authors ORDER BY au_lname", strCnn, adOpenStatic, adLockReadOnly, adCmdText);  

      // Open an IADORecordBinding interface pointer which we'll use   
      // for Binding Recordset to a class.  

      // Bind the Recordset to a C++ Class here.  


      char * strMove;  
      char strTemp[5];  
      while (true) {  
         // Display information about current record and ask how many records to move.  
         printf("Record %ld of %d\n", pRstAuthors->AbsolutePosition, pRstAuthors->RecordCount);  
         printf("Author: %s %s\n",   
            authorsrs.lemp_fnameStatus == adFldOK ?   
            authorsrs.m_au_fname : "<NULL>",   
            authorsrs.lemp_lnameStatus == adFldOK ?   
            authorsrs.m_au_lname : "<NULL>");  
         printf("Location: %s, %s\n\n",   
            authorsrs.lemp_cityStatus == adFldOK ?   
            authorsrs.m_au_city : "<NULL>",   
            authorsrs.lemp_stateStatus == adFldOK ?   
            authorsrs.m_au_state : "<NULL>");  

         printf("Enter number of records to Move \n(positive or negative, 0 (zero) to quit): ");  
         mygets(strTemp, 5);  

         strMove = strtok_s(strTemp, "\t", &token1);  

         if (strMove == NULL || *strMove == '0')  

         // if the input is not numeric then notify the user.  
         if (!atol(strMove)) {  
            printf("Expecting numeric value...\n");  

         // Store bookmark in case the Move goes too far forward or backward.  
         _variant_t varBookmark = pRstAuthors->Bookmark;  

         // Move method requires parameter of data type Long.  
         long lngMove = atol(strMove);  


         // Trap for BOF or EOF.  
         if (pRstAuthors->BOF) {  
            printf("Too far backward! Returning to current record.\n");  
            pRstAuthors->Bookmark = varBookmark;  

         if (pRstAuthors->EndOfFile) {  
            printf("Too far forward! Returning to current record.\n");  
            pRstAuthors->Bookmark = varBookmark;  
   catch(_com_error &e) {  
      // Notify the user of errors if any.  
      // Pass a connection pointer accessed from the Recordset.  
      _variant_t vtConnect = pRstAuthors->GetActiveConnection();  

      // GetActiveConnection returns connect string if connection  
      // is not open, else returns Connection object.  
      switch (vtConnect.vt) {  
         case VT_BSTR:  
         case VT_DISPATCH:  
            printf("Errors occured.");  


   // Clean up objects before exit.  Release the IADORecordset Interface here     
   if (picRs)  

   if (pRstAuthors)  
      if (pRstAuthors->State == adStateOpen)  


void PrintProviderError(_ConnectionPtr pConnection) {  
   // Print Provider Errors from Connection object.  
   // pErr is a record object in the Connection's Error collection.  
   ErrorPtr  pErr  = NULL;  

   if ( (pConnection->Errors->Count) > 0) {  
      long nCount = pConnection->Errors->Count;  
      // Collection ranges from 0 to nCount -1.  
      for (long i = 0 ; i < nCount ; i++) {  
         pErr = pConnection->Errors->GetItem(i);  
         printf("\t Error number: %x\t%s", pErr->Number, (LPCSTR) pErr->Description);  

void PrintComError(_com_error &e) {  
   _bstr_t bstrSource(e.Source());  
   _bstr_t bstrDescription(e.Description());  

   // Print Com errors.    
   printf("\tCode = %08lx\n", e.Error());  
   printf("\tCode meaning = %s\n", e.ErrorMessage());  
   printf("\tSource = %s\n", (LPCSTR) bstrSource);  
   printf("\tDescription = %s\n", (LPCSTR) bstrDescription);  

Sample Input


Sample Output

Record 1 of 23  
Author: Abraham Bennet  
Location: Berkeley, CA  

Enter number of records to Move   
(positive or negative, Enter to quit): Record 2 of 23  
Author: Reginald Blotchet-Halls  
Location: Corvallis, OR  

Enter number of records to Move   
(positive or negative, Enter to quit):  

See Also

Move Method (ADO)