Prepared Property Example (VC++)

This example demonstrates the Prepared property by opening two Command objects — one prepared and one not prepared.

Example

// Prepared_Property_Sample.cpp  
// compile with: /EHsc  
#import "msado15.dll" no_namespace rename("EOF", "EndOfFile")  

#include <ole2.h>  
#include <stdio.h>  
#include <conio.h>  
#include <winbase.h>  

// Function declarations  
inline void TESTHR(HRESULT x) { if FAILED(x) _com_issue_error(x); };  
void PreparedX();  
void PrintProviderError(_ConnectionPtr pConnection);  
void PrintComError(_com_error &e);  

int main() {  
   if ( FAILED(::CoInitialize(NULL)) )  
      return -1;  

   PreparedX();  
   ::CoUninitialize();  
}  

void PreparedX() {  
   // Define ADO object pointers.  Initialize pointers on define.  
   // These are in the ADODB:: namespace.  
   _ConnectionPtr pConnection = NULL;  
   _CommandPtr pCmd1 = NULL;  
   _CommandPtr pCmd2 = NULL;  

   // Define string variables.    
   _bstr_t strCnn("Provider='sqloledb'; Data Source='My_Data_Source'; Initial Catalog='pubs'; Integrated Security='SSPI';");  

   try {  
      // Open a connection.  
      TESTHR(pConnection.CreateInstance(__uuidof(Connection)));  
      pConnection->Open (strCnn, "", "", adConnectUnspecified);  

      _bstr_t strCmd ("SELECT title,type FROM titles ORDER BY type");  

      // Create two command objects for the same command; one prepared and one not.  
      TESTHR(pCmd1.CreateInstance(__uuidof(Command)));  
      pCmd1->ActiveConnection = pConnection;  
      pCmd1->CommandText = strCmd;  

      TESTHR(pCmd2.CreateInstance(__uuidof(Command)));  
      pCmd2->ActiveConnection = pConnection;  
      pCmd2->CommandText = strCmd;  
      pCmd2->PutPrepared(true);  

      // Set a timer,then execute the unprepared command 20 times.  
      DWORD sngStart = GetTickCount();   

      for ( int intLoop = 1 ; intLoop <= 20 ; intLoop++ )  
         pCmd1->Execute(NULL, NULL, adCmdText);  

      DWORD sngEnd=GetTickCount();   
      float sngNotPrepared = (float)(sngEnd - sngStart) / (float)1000;  

      // Reset the timer,then execute the prepared command 20 times  
      sngStart = GetTickCount();   
      for ( int intLoop = 1 ; intLoop <= 20 ; intLoop++ )  
         pCmd2->Execute(NULL, NULL, adCmdText);  

      sngEnd=GetTickCount();   

      float sngPrepared = (float)(sngEnd - sngStart) / (float)1000;  

      // Display performance results  
      printf("Performance Results:");  
      printf("\n\nNot Prepared: %6.3f seconds", sngNotPrepared);  
      printf("\nPrepared:     %6.3f seconds", sngPrepared);  
   }  
   catch (_com_error &e) {  
      // Display errors, if any. Pass a connection pointer accessed from the Connection.  
      PrintProviderError(pConnection);  
      PrintComError(e);  
   }  

   if (pConnection)  
      if (pConnection->State == adStateOpen)  
         pConnection->Close();  
}  

void PrintProviderError(_ConnectionPtr pConnection) {  
   // Print Provider Errors from Connection object.  
   // pErr is a record object in the Connection's Error collection.  
   ErrorPtr pErr = NULL;  

   if ( (pConnection->Errors->Count) > 0 ) {  
      long nCount = pConnection->Errors->Count;  

      // Collection ranges from 0 to nCount -1.  
      for ( long i = 0 ; i < nCount ; i++ ) {  
         pErr = pConnection->Errors->GetItem(i);  
         printf("\t Error number: %x\t%s", pErr->Number, pErr->Description);  
      }  
   }  
}  

void PrintComError(_com_error &e) {  
   _bstr_t bstrSource(e.Source());  
   _bstr_t bstrDescription(e.Description());  

   // Print COM errors.   
   printf("Error\n");  
   printf("\tCode = %08lx\n", e.Error());  
   printf("\tCode meaning = %s\n", e.ErrorMessage());  
   printf("\tSource = %s\n", (LPCSTR) bstrSource);  
   printf("\tDescription = %s\n", (LPCSTR) bstrDescription);  
}  

Performance Results:
Not Prepared: 0.016 seconds
Prepared: 0.016 seconds

See Also

Command Object (ADO)
Prepared Property (ADO)