PDOStatement::bindParam

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Binds a parameter to a named or question mark placeholder in the SQL statement.

Syntax


bool PDOStatement::bindParam($parameter, &$variable[, $data_type[, $length[, $driver_options]]]);  

Parameters

$parameter: A (mixed) parameter identifier. For a statement using named placeholders, use a parameter name (:name). For a prepared statement using the question mark syntax, it is the 1-based index of the parameter.

&$variable: The (mixed) name of the PHP variable to bind to the SQL statement parameter.

$data_type: An optional (integer) PDO::PARAM_* constant. Default is PDO::PARAM_STR.

$length: An optional (integer) length of the data type. You can specify PDO::SQLSRV_PARAM_OUT_DEFAULT_SIZE to indicate the default size when using PDO::PARAM_INT or PDO::PARAM_BOOL in $data_type.

$driver_options: The optional (mixed) driver-specific options. For example, you could specify PDO::SQLSRV_ENCODING_UTF8 to bind the column to a variable as a string encoded in UTF-8.

Return Value

TRUE on success, otherwise FALSE.

Remarks

When binding null data to server columns of type varbinary, binary, or varbinary(max) you should specify binary encoding (PDO::SQLSRV_ENCODING_BINARY) using the $driver_options. For more information about encoding constants, see Constants.

Support for PDO was added in version 2.0 of the Microsoft Drivers for PHP for SQL Server.

Example

This code sample shows that after $contact is bound to the parameter, changing the value does change the value passed in the query.

<?php  
$database = "AdventureWorks";  
$server = "(local)";  
$conn = new PDO("sqlsrv:server=$server ; Database = $database", "", "");  

$contact = "Sales Agent";  
$stmt = $conn->prepare("select * from Person.ContactType where name = ?");  
$stmt->bindParam(1, $contact);  
$contact = "Owner";  
$stmt->execute();  

while ($row = $stmt->fetch(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC)) {  
   print "$row[Name]\n\n";  
}  

$stmt = null;  
$contact = "Sales Agent";  
$stmt = $conn->prepare("select * from Person.ContactType where name = :contact");  
$stmt->bindParam(':contact', $contact);  
$contact = "Owner";  
$stmt->execute();  

while ($row = $stmt->fetch(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC)) {  
   print "$row[Name]\n\n";  
}  
?>  

Example

This code sample shows how to access an output parameter.

<?php  
$database = "Test";  
$server = "(local)";  
$conn = new PDO("sqlsrv:server=$server ; Database = $database", "", "");  

$input1 = 'bb';  

$stmt = $conn->prepare("select ? = count(*) from Sys.tables");  
$stmt->bindParam(1, $input1, PDO::PARAM_STR, 10);  
$stmt->execute();  
echo $input1;  
?>  

Note

When binding an output parameter to a bigint type, if the value may end up outside the range of an integer, using PDO::PARAM_INT with PDO::SQLSRV_PARAM_OUT_DEFAULT_SIZE may result in a "value out of range" exception. Therefore, use the default PDO::PARAM_STR instead and provide the size of the resulting string, which is at most 21. It is the maximum number of digits, including the negative sign, of any bigint value.

Example

This code sample shows how to use an input/output parameter.

<?php  
   $database = "AdventureWorks";  
   $server = "(local)";  
   $dbh = new PDO("sqlsrv:server=$server ; Database = $database", "", "");  

   $dbh->query("IF OBJECT_ID('dbo.sp_ReverseString', 'P') IS NOT NULL DROP PROCEDURE dbo.sp_ReverseString");  
   $dbh->query("CREATE PROCEDURE dbo.sp_ReverseString @String as VARCHAR(2048) OUTPUT as SELECT @String = REVERSE(@String)");  
   $stmt = $dbh->prepare("EXEC dbo.sp_ReverseString ?");  
   $string = "123456789";  
   $stmt->bindParam(1, $string, PDO::PARAM_STR | PDO::PARAM_INPUT_OUTPUT, 2048);  
   $stmt->execute();  
   print $string;   // Expect 987654321  
?>  

Note

It is recommended to use strings as inputs when binding values to a decimal or numeric column to ensure precision and accuracy as PHP has limited precision for floating point numbers. The same applies to bigint columns, especially when the values are outside the range of an integer.

Example

This code sample shows how to bind a decimal value as an input parameter.

<?php  
$database = "Test";  
$server = "(local)";  
$conn = new PDO("sqlsrv:server=$server ; Database = $database", "", "");  

// Assume TestTable exists with a decimal field 
$input = 9223372036854.80000;
$stmt = $conn->prepare("INSERT INTO TestTable (DecimalCol) VALUES (?)");
// by default it is PDO::PARAM_STR, rounding of a large input value may
// occur if PDO::PARAM_INT is specified
$stmt->bindParam(1, $input, PDO::PARAM_STR);
$stmt->execute();

See Also

PDOStatement Class

PDO