Lesson 4-3: Add error flow redirection

APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server, including on Linux yesAzure SQL Database yesAzure SQL Data Warehouse noParallel Data Warehouse

In the previous task, the Lookup Currency Key transformation cannot generate a match when the transformation tries to process the corrupted sample flat file, which produces an error. Because the transformation uses the default settings for error output, any error causes the transformation to fail. When the transformation fails, the rest of the package also fails.

Rather than permitting the transformation to fail, you can configure the component to redirect the failed row to another processing path, by using the error output. Using a separate error processing path provides more options. For instance, you could clean the data and then reprocess the failed row. Or, you could save the failed row along with its error information for later verification and reprocessing.

In this task, you configure the Lookup Currency Key transformation to redirect any rows that fail to the error output. In the error branch of the data flow, Integration Services writes these rows to a file.

By default the two extra columns in an Integration Services error output, ErrorCode and ErrorColumn, contain only a numeric error code and the ID of the column in which the error occurred. In this task, before the package writes the failed rows to the file, you use a Script component to access the Integration Services API and get a description of the error.

Configure an error output

  1. In the SSIS Toolbox, expand Common, and then drag Script Component onto the design surface of the Data Flow tab. Place Script to the right of the Lookup Currency Key transformation.

  2. In the Select Script Component Type dialog box, select Transformation, and select OK.

  3. To connect the two components, select the Lookup Currency Key transformation and then drag its red arrow onto the new Script transformation.

    The red arrow represents the error output of the Lookup Currency Key transformation. By using the red arrow to connect the transformation to the Script component, you redirect any processing errors to the Script component, which processes the errors and sends them to the destination.

  4. In the Configure Error Output dialog box, in the Error column, select Redirect row, and then select OK.

  5. On the Data Flow design surface, select the name Script Component in the new ScriptComponent, and change that name to Get Error Description.

  6. Double-click the Get Error Description transformation.

  7. In the Script Transformation Editor dialog box, on the Input Columns page, select the ErrorCode column.

  8. On the Inputs and Outputs page, expand Output 0, select Output Columns, and then select Add Column.

  9. In the Name property, enter ErrorDescription and set the DataType property to Unicode string [DT_WSTR].

  10. On the Script page, verify that the LocaleID property is set to English (United States).

  11. Select Edit Script to open Microsoft Visual Studio Tools for Applications (VSTA). In the Input0_ProcessInputRow method, enter or paste the following code:

    [Visual Basic]

    Row.ErrorDescription =   
      Me.ComponentMetaData.GetErrorDescription(Row.ErrorCode)  
    

    [Visual C#]

    Row.ErrorDescription = this.ComponentMetaData.GetErrorDescription(Row.ErrorCode);  
    

    The completed subroutine looks like the following code:

    [Visual Basic]

    Public Overrides Sub Input0_ProcessInputRow(ByVal Row As Input0Buffer)  
    
      Row.ErrorDescription =   
        Me.ComponentMetaData.GetErrorDescription(Row.ErrorCode)  
    
    End Sub  
    

    [Visual C#]

    public override void Input0_ProcessInputRow(Input0Buffer Row)  
        {  
    
            Row.ErrorDescription = this.ComponentMetaData.GetErrorDescription(Row.ErrorCode);  
    
        }  
    
  12. On the Build menu, select Build Solution to build the script and save your changes, and then close VSTA.

  13. Select OK to close the Script Transformation Editor dialog box.

Go to next task

Step 4: Add a Flat File destination