Install SQL Server and create a database on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO: noSQL Server on WindowsyesSQL Server on LinuxnoAzure SQL DatabasenoAzure SQL Data WarehousenoParallel Data Warehouse

In this quick start tutorial, you first install SQL Server 2017 RC2 on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) v12 SP2. Then connect with sqlcmd to create your first database and run queries.

Tip

This tutorial requires user input and an internet connection. If you are interested in the unattended or offline installation procedures, see Installation guidance for SQL Server on Linux.

Prerequisites

You must have a SLES v12 SP2 machine with at least 3.25 GB of memory. The file system must be XFS or EXT4. Other file systems, such as BTRFS, are unsupported.

To install SUSE Linux Enterprise Server on your own machine, go to https://www.suse.com/products/server. You can also create SLES virtual machines in Azure. See Create and Manage Linux VMs with the Azure CLI, and use --image SLES in the call to az vm create.

For other system requirements, see System requirements for SQL Server on Linux.

Install SQL Server

To configure SQL Server on SLES, run the following commands in a terminal to install the mssql-server package:

  1. Download the Microsoft SQL Server SLES repository configuration file:

    sudo zypper addrepo -fc https://packages.microsoft.com/config/sles/12/mssql-server.repo
    sudo zypper --gpg-auto-import-keys refresh
    
  2. Run the following commands to install SQL Server:

    sudo zypper install -y mssql-server
    
  3. After the package installation finishes, run mssql-conf setup and follow the prompts to set the SA password and choose your edition.

    sudo /opt/mssql/bin/mssql-conf setup
    
    Tip

    Make sure to specify a strong password for the SA account (Minimum length 8 characters, including uppercase and lowercase letters, base 10 digits and/or non-alphanumeric symbols).

    Tip

    When installing RC2, no purchased licenses are required to try any of the editions. Because it is a release candidate, the following message appears regardless of the edition you select:

    This is an evaluation version. There are [175] days left in the evaluation period.

    This message does not reflect the edition you selected. It relates to the preview period for RC2.

  4. Once the configuration is done, verify that the service is running:

    systemctl status mssql-server
    
  5. If you plan to connect remotely, you might also need to open the SQL Server TCP port (default 1433) on your firewall. If you are using the SuSE firewall, you need to edit the /etc/sysconfig/SuSEfirewall2 configuration file. Modify the FW_SERVICES_EXT_TCP entry to include the SQL Server port number.

    FW_SERVICES_EXT_TCP="1433"
    

At this point, SQL Server is running on your SLES machine and is ready to use!

Install the SQL Server command-line tools

To create a database, you need to connect with a tool that can run Transact-SQL statements on the SQL Server. The following steps install the SQL Server command-line tools: sqlcmd and bcp.

  1. Add the Microsoft SQL Server repository to Zypper.

    sudo zypper addrepo -fc https://packages.microsoft.com/config/sles/12/prod.repo 
    sudo zypper --gpg-auto-import-keys refresh
    
  2. Install mssql-tools with the unixODBC developer package.

    sudo zypper install -y mssql-tools unixODBC-devel
    
  3. For convenience, add /opt/mssql-tools/bin/ to your PATH environment variable. This enables you to run the tools without specifying the full path. Run the following commands to modify the PATH for both login sessions and interactive/non-login sessions:

    echo 'export PATH="$PATH:/opt/mssql-tools/bin"' >> ~/.bash_profile
    echo 'export PATH="$PATH:/opt/mssql-tools/bin"' >> ~/.bashrc
    source ~/.bashrc
    
Tip

Sqlcmd is just one tool for connecting to SQL Server to run queries and perform management and development tasks. Other tools include SQL Server Management Studio and Visual Studio Code.

Connect locally

The following steps use sqlcmd to locally connect to your new SQL Server instance.

  1. Run sqlcmd with parameters for your SQL Server name (-S), the user name (-U), and the password (-P). In this tutorial, you are connecting locally, so the server name is localhost. The user name is SA and the password is the one you provided for the SA account during setup.

    sqlcmd -S localhost -U SA -P '<YourPassword>'
    
    Tip

    You can omit the password on the command line to be prompted to enter it.

    Tip

    If you later decide to connect remotely, specify the machine name or IP address for the -S parameter, and make sure port 1433 is open on your firewall.

  2. If successful, you should get to a sqlcmd command prompt: 1>.

  3. If you get a connection failure, first attempt to diagnose the problem from the error message. Then review the connection troubleshooting recommendations.

Create and query data

The following sections walk you through using sqlcmd to create a new database, add data, and run a simple query.

Create a new database

The following steps create a new database named TestDB.

  1. From the sqlcmd command prompt, paste the following Transact-SQL command to create a test database:

    CREATE DATABASE TestDB
    
  2. On the next line, write a query to return the name of all of the databases on your server:

    SELECT Name from sys.Databases
    
  3. The previous two commands were not executed immediately. You must type GO on a new line to execute the previous commands:

    GO
    

Insert data

Next create a new table, Inventory, and insert two new rows.

  1. From the sqlcmd command prompt, switch context to the new TestDB database:

    USE TestDB
    
  2. Create new table named Inventory:

    CREATE TABLE Inventory (id INT, name NVARCHAR(50), quantity INT)
    
  3. Insert data into the new table:

    INSERT INTO Inventory VALUES (1, 'banana', 150); INSERT INTO Inventory VALUES (2, 'orange', 154);
    
  4. Type GO to execute the previous commands:

    GO
    

Select data

Now, run a query to return data from the Inventory table.

  1. From the sqlcmd command prompt, enter a query that returns rows from the Inventory table where the quantity is greater than 152:

    SELECT * FROM Inventory WHERE quantity > 152;
    
  2. Execute the command:

    GO
    

Exit the sqlcmd command prompt

To end your sqlcmd session, type QUIT:

QUIT

Connect from Windows

SQL Server tools on Windows connect to SQL Server instances on Linux in the same way they would connect to any remote SQL Server instance.

If you have a Windows machine that can connect to your Linux machine, try the same steps in this topic from a Windows command-prompt running sqlcmd. Just verify that you use the target Linux machine name or IP address rather than localhost, and make sure that TCP port 1433 is open. If you have any problems connecting from Windows, see connection troubleshooting recommendations.

For other tools that run on Windows but connect to SQL Server on Linux, see:

Next steps

For other installation scenarios, see the following resources:

Upgrade Learn how to upgrade an existing installation of SQL Server on Linux
Uninstall Uninstall SQL Server on Linux
Unattended install Learn how to script the installation without prompts
Offline install Learn how to manually download the packages for offline installation

To explore other ways to connect and manage SQL Server, see Visual Studio Code and SQL Server Management Studio.

To learn more about writing Transact-SQL statements and queries, see Tutorial: Writing Transact-SQL Statements.