Install SQL Server Full-Text Search on Linux

The following steps install SQL Server Full-Text Search (mssql-server-fts) on Linux. Full-Text Search enables you to run full-text queries against character-based data in SQL Server tables. For known issues for this release, see the Release Notes.

Note

Before installing SQL Server Full-Text Search, first install SQL Server. This configures the keys and repositories that you use when installing the mssql-server-fts package.

Install SQL Server Full-Text Search for your platform:

Install on RHEL

Use the following commands to install the mssql-server-fts on Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

sudo yum update
sudo yum install -y mssql-server-fts

If you already have mssql-server-fts installed, you can update to the latest version with the following commands:

sudo yum check-update
sudo yum update mssql-server-fts

If you need an offline installation, locate the Full-text Search package download in the Release notes. Then use the same offline installation steps described in the topic Install SQL Server.

Install on Ubuntu

Use the following commands to install the mssql-server-fts on Ubuntu.

sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get install -y mssql-server-fts

If you already have mssql-server-fts installed, you can update to the latest version with the following commands:

sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get install -y mssql-server-fts 

If you need an offline installation, locate the Full-text Search package download in the Release notes. Then use the same offline installation steps described in the topic Install SQL Server.

Install on SLES

Use the following commands to install the mssql-server-fts on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server.

sudo zypper install mssql-server-fts

If you already have mssql-server-fts installed, you can update to the latest version with the following commands:

sudo zypper refresh
sudo zypper update mssql-server-fts

If you need an offline installation, locate the Full-text Search package download in the Release notes. Then use the same offline installation steps described in the topic Install SQL Server.

Supported languages

Full-Text Search uses word breakers that determine how to identify individual words based on language. You can get a list of registered word breakers by querying the sys.fulltext_languages catalog view. Word breakers for the following languages are installed with SQL Server 2017 RC2:

Language Language ID
Neutral 0
Arabic 1025
Bengali (India) 1093
Bokmål 1044
Brazilian 1046
British English 2057
Bulgarian 1026
Catalan 1027
Chinese (Hong Kong SAR, PRC) 3076
Chinese (Macao SAR) 5124
Chinese (Singapore) 4100
Croatian 1050
Czech 1029
Danish 1030
Dutch 1043
English 1033
French 1036
German 1031
Greek 1032
Gujarati 1095
Hebrew 1037
Hindi 1081
Icelandic 1039
Indonesian 1057
Italian 1040
Japanese 1041
Kannada 1099
Korean 1042
Latvian 1062
Lithuanian 1063
Malay - Malaysia 1086
Malayalam 1100
Marathi 1102
Polish 1045
Portuguese 2070
Punjabi 1094
Romanian 1048
Russian 1049
Serbian (Cyrillic) 3098
Serbian (Latin) 2074
Simplified Chinese 2052
Slovak 1051
Slovenian 1060
Spanish 3082
Swedish 1053
Tamil 1097
Telugu 1098
Thai 1054
Traditional Chinese 1028
Turkish 1055
Ukrainian 1058
Urdu 1056
Vietnamese 1066

Filters

Full-Text Search also works with text stored in binary files. But in this case, an installed filter is required to process the file. For more information about filters, see Configure and Manage Filters for Search.

You can see a list of installed filters by calling sp_help_fulltext_system_components 'filter'. For SQL Server 2017 RC2, the following filters are installed:

Component Name Class ID Version
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.inx C7310720-AC80-11D1-8DF3-00C04FB6EF4F 12.0.6828.0
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.log C7310720-AC80-11D1-8DF3-00C04FB6EF4F 12.0.6828.0
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Semantic Search builds on the Full-Text Search feature to extract and index statistically relevant key phrases. This enables you to query the meaning within documents in your database. It also helps to identify documents that are similar.

In order to use Semantic Search, you must first download and attach the Semantic Language Statistics database.

  1. On a Windows machine, download the .MSI file for the Semantic Language Statistics database.

    Note

    At this time the download for the database is a .MSI file, so a Windows machine is required for this step.

  2. Run the .MSI file to extract the database and log files.

  3. Move the database and log files to your Linux SQL Server machine.

    Tip

    For guidance on how to move files from Windows to Linux, see Transfer a file to Linux.

  4. Run the following Transact-SQL command on your Linux SQL Server instance to attach the language statistics database.

    CREATE DATABASE semanticsdb  
            ON ( FILENAME = N'var/opt/mssql/data/semanticsdb.mdf' )  
            LOG ON ( FILENAME = N'var/opt/mssql/data/semanticsdb_log.ldf' )  
            FOR ATTACH;  
    GO  
    
  5. Run the following Transact-SQL command to register the semantic language statistics database.

    EXEC sp_fulltext_semantic_register_language_statistics_db @dbname = N'semanticsdb';  
    GO  
    

Next steps

For information about Full-Text Search, see SQL Server Full-Text Search.