SQLSetCursorName Function

Version Introduced: ODBC 1.0 Standards Compliance: ISO 92

SQLSetCursorName associates a cursor name with an active statement. If an application does not call SQLSetCursorName, the driver generates cursor names as needed for SQL statement processing.


     SQLHSTMT      StatementHandle,  
     SQLCHAR *     CursorName,  
     SQLSMALLINT   NameLength);


[Input] Statement handle.

[Input] Cursor name. For efficient processing, the cursor name should not include any leading or trailing spaces in the cursor name, and if the cursor name includes a delimited identifier, the delimiter should be positioned as the first character in the cursor name.

[Input] Length in characters of *CursorName.




When SQLSetCursorName returns SQL_ERROR or SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO, an associated SQLSTATE value can be obtained by calling SQLGetDiagRec with a HandleType of SQL_HANDLE_STMT and a Handle of StatementHandle. The following table lists the SQLSTATE values commonly returned by SQLSetCursorName and explains each one in the context of this function; the notation "(DM)" precedes the descriptions of SQLSTATEs returned by the Driver Manager. The return code associated with each SQLSTATE value is SQL_ERROR, unless noted otherwise.

SQLSTATE Error Description
01000 General warning Driver-specific informational message. (Function returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.)
01004 String data, right truncated The cursor name exceeded the maximum limit, so only the maximum allowable number of characters was used.
24000 Invalid cursor state The statement corresponding to StatementHandle was already in an executed or cursor-positioned state.
34000 Invalid cursor name The cursor name specified in *CursorName was invalid because it exceeded the maximum length as defined by the driver, or it started with "SQLCUR" or "SQL_CUR."
3C000 Duplicate cursor name The cursor name specified in *CursorName already exists.
HY000 General error An error occurred for which there was no specific SQLSTATE and for which no implementation-specific SQLSTATE was defined. The error message returned by SQLGetDiagRec in the \MessageText* buffer describes the error and its cause.
HY001 Memory allocation error The driver was unable to allocate memory required to support execution or completion of the function.
HY009 Invalid use of null pointer (DM) The argument CursorName was a null pointer.
HY010 Function sequence error (DM) An asynchronously executing function was called for the connection handle that is associated with the StatementHandle. This aynchronous function was still executing when the SQLSetCursorName function was called.

(DM) An asynchronously executing function was called for the StatementHandle and was still executing when this function was called.

(DM) SQLExecute, SQLExecDirect, SQLBulkOperations, or SQLSetPos was called for the StatementHandle and returned SQL_NEED_DATA. This function was called before data was sent for all data-at-execution parameters or columns.
HY013 Memory management error The function call could not be processed because the underlying memory objects could not be accessed, possibly because of low memory conditions.
HY090 Invalid string or buffer length (DM) The argument NameLength was less than 0 but not equal to SQL_NTS.
HY117 Connection is suspended due to unknown transaction state. Only disconnect and read-only functions are allowed. (DM) For more information about suspended state, see SQLEndTran Function.
HYT01 Connection timeout expired The connection timeout period expired before the data source responded to the request. The connection timeout period is set through SQLSetConnectAttr, SQL_ATTR_CONNECTION_TIMEOUT.
IM001 Driver does not support this function (DM) The driver associated with the StatementHandle does not support the function.


Cursor names are used only in positioned update and delete statements (for example, UPDATE table-name ...WHERE CURRENT OF cursor-name). For more information, see Positioned Update and Delete Statements. If the application does not call SQLSetCursorName to define a cursor name, on execution of a query statement the driver generates a name that begins with the letters SQL_CUR and does not exceed 18 characters in length.

All cursor names within the connection must be unique. The maximum length of a cursor name is defined by the driver. For maximum interoperability, it is recommended that applications limit cursor names to no more than 18 characters. In ODBC 3.x, if a cursor name is a quoted identifier, it is treated in a case-sensitive manner and it can contain characters that the syntax of SQL would not permit or would treat specially, such as blanks or reserved keywords. If a cursor name must be treated in a case-sensitive manner, it must be passed as a quoted identifier.

A cursor name that is set either explicitly or implicitly remains set until the statement with which it is associated is dropped, using SQLFreeHandle. SQLSetCursorName can be called to rename a cursor on a statement as long as the cursor is in an allocated or prepared state.

Code Example

In the following example, an application uses SQLSetCursorName to set a cursor name for a statement. It then uses that statement to retrieve results from the CUSTOMERS table. Finally, it performs a positioned update to change the phone number of John Smith. Note that the application uses different statement handles for the SELECT and UPDATE statements.

For another code example, see SQLSetPos.

#define NAME_LEN 50  
#define PHONE_LEN 10  

SQLHSTMT     hstmtSelect,  
SQLHSTMT     hstmtUpdate;  
SQLRETURN    retcode;  
SQLHDBC      hdbc;  
SQLCHAR      szName[NAME_LEN], szPhone[PHONE_LEN];  
SQLINTEGER   cbName, cbPhone;  

/* Allocate the statements and set the cursor name. */  

SQLAllocHandle(SQL_HANDLE_STMT, hdbc, &hstmtSelect);  
SQLAllocHandle(SQL_HANDLE_STMT, hdbc, &hstmtUpdate);  
SQLSetCursorName(hstmtSelect, "C1", SQL_NTS);  

/* SELECT the result set and bind its columns to local buffers. */  

SQLBindCol(hstmtSelect, 1, SQL_C_CHAR, szName, NAME_LEN, &cbName);  
SQLBindCol(hstmtSelect, 2, SQL_C_CHAR, szPhone, PHONE_LEN, &cbPhone);  

/* Read through the result set until the cursor is */  
/* positioned on the row for John Smith. */  

 retcode = SQLFetch(hstmtSelect);  
while ((retcode == SQL_SUCCESS || retcode == SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO) &&  
   (strcmp(szName, "Smith, John") != 0));  

/* Perform a positioned update of John Smith's name. */  

if (retcode == SQL_SUCCESS || retcode == SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO) {  
For information about See
Executing an SQL statement SQLExecDirect Function
Executing a prepared SQL statement SQLExecute Function
Returning a cursor name SQLGetCursorName Function
Setting cursor scrolling options SQLSetScrollOptions Function

See Also

ODBC API Reference
ODBC Header Files