Requirements for Using Memory-Optimized Tables

In addition to the Hardware and Software Requirements for Installing SQL Server 2014, the following are requirements to use In-Memory OLTP:

  • 64-bit Enterprise, Developer, or Evaluation edition of SQL Server 2014.

  • SQL Server needs enough memory to hold the data in memory-optimized tables and indexes. To account for row versions, you should provide an amount of memory that is two times the expected size of memory-optimized tables and indexes. But the actual amount of memory needed will depend on your workload. You should monitor your memory usage and make adjustments as needed. The size of data in memory-optimized tables must not exceed the allowed percentage of the pool. To discover the size of a memory-optimized table, see sys.dm_db_xtp_table_memory_stats (Transact-SQL).

    If you have disk-based tables in the database, you need to provide enough memory for the buffer pool and query processing on those tables.

    It is important to know how much memory your In-Memory OLTP application will require. See Estimate Memory Requirements for Memory-Optimized Tables for more information.

  • Free disk space for that is two times the size of your durable memory-optimized tables.

  • A processor needs to support the instruction cmpxchg16b to use In-Memory OLTP. All modern 64-bit processors support cmpxchg16b.

    If you are using a VM host application and SQL Server displays an error caused by an older processor, see if the application has a configuration option to allow cmpxchg16b. If not, you could use Hyper-V, which supports cmpxchg16b without needing to modify a configuration option.

  • To install In-Memory OLTP, select Database Engine Services when you install SQL Server 2019 (15.x).

    To install report generation (Determining if a Table or Stored Procedure Should Be Ported to In-Memory OLTP) and SQL Server Management Studio (to manage In-Memory OLTP via SQL Server Management Studio Object Explorer), select Management Tools-Basic or Management Tools-Advanced when you install SQL Server 2019 (15.x).

Important Notes on Using In-Memory OLTP

  • The total in-memory size of all durable tables in a database should not exceed 250 GB. For more information, see Durability for Memory-Optimized Tables.

  • This release of In-Memory OLTP is targeted to perform optimally on systems with 2 or 4 sockets and fewer than 60 cores.

  • Checkpoint files must not be manually deleted. SQL Server automatically performs garbage collection on unneeded checkpoint files. For more information, see the discussion on merging data and delta files in Durability for Memory-Optimized Tables.

  • In this first release of In-Memory OLTP (in SQL Server 2014), the only way to remove a memory-optimized filegroup is to drop the database.

  • If you attempt to delete a large batch of rows while there is a concurrent insert or update workload affecting the range of rows you are trying to delete, the delete will likely fail. The workaround is to stop the insert or update workload before doing the delete. Alternatively, you could configure the transaction into smaller transactions, which would be less likely to be disrupted by a concurrent workload. As with all write operations on memory-optimized tables, use retry logic (Guidelines for Retry Logic for Transactions on Memory-Optimized Tables).

  • If you create one or more databases with memory-optimized tables, you should enable Instant File Initialization (grant the SQL Server service startup account the SE_MANAGE_VOLUME_NAME user right) for the SQL Server instance. Without Instant File Initialization, memory-optimized storage files (data and delta files) will be initialized upon creation, which can have negative impact on the performance of your workload. For more information about Instant File Initialization, see Database File Initialization. For information on how to enable Instant File Initialization, see How and Why to Enable Instant File Initialization.

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See Also

In-Memory OLTP (In-Memory Optimization)