Although a subscription to a transactional publication is typically initialized with a snapshot, a subscription can be initialized from a backup using replication stored procedures. For more information, see Initialize a Transactional Subscription Without a Snapshot.
To initialize a transactional subscriber from a backup
For an existing publication, ensure that the publication supports the ability to initialize from backup by executing sp_helppublication (Transact-SQL) at the Publisher on the publication database. Note the value of allow_initialize_from_backup in the result set.
If the value is 1, the publication supports this functionality.
If the value is 0, execute sp_changepublication (Transact-SQL) at the Publisher on the publication database. Specify a value of allow_initialize_from_backup for @property and a value of true for @value.
For a new publication, execute sp_addpublication (Transact-SQL) at the Publisher on the publication database. Specify a value of true for allow_initialize_from_backup. For more information, see Create a Publication.
To avoid missing subscriber data, when using sp_addpublication with
@allow_initialize_from_backup = N'true', always use
@immediate_sync = N'true'.
Create a backup of the publication database using the BACKUP (Transact-SQL) statement.
Restore the backup on the Subscriber using the RESTORE (Transact-SQL) statement.
At the Publisher on the publication database, execute the stored procedure sp_addsubscription (Transact-SQL). Specify the following parameters:
@sync_type - a value of initialize with backup.
@backupdevicetype - the type of backup device: logical (default), disk, or tape.
@backupdevicename - the logical or physical backup device to use for the restore.
For a logical device, specify the name of the backup device specified when sp_addumpdevice was used to create the device.
For a physical device, specify a complete path and file name, such as
DISK = 'C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL13.MSSQLSERVER\BACKUP\Mybackup.dat'or
TAPE = '\\.\TAPE0'.
(Optional) @password - a password that was provided when the backup set was created.
(Optional) @mediapassword - a password that was provided when the media set was formatted.
(Optional) @fileidhint - identifier for the backup set to be restored. For example, specifying 1 indicates the first backup set on the backup medium and 2 indicates the second backup set.
(Optional for tape devices) @unload - specify a value of 1 (default) if the tape should be unloaded from the drive after the restore is complete and 0 if it should not be unloaded.
(Optional) For a pull subscription, execute sp_addpullsubscription (Transact-SQL) and sp_addpullsubscription_agent (Transact-SQL) at the Subscriber on the subscription database. For more information, see Create a Pull Subscription.