Specifying Arithmetic Operators in XPath Queries (SQLXML 4.0)

APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server yesAzure SQL Database noAzure SQL Data Warehouse noParallel Data Warehouse

The following example shows how arithmetic operators are specified in XPath queries. The XPath query in this example is specified against the mapping schema contained in SampleSchema1.xml. For information about this sample schema, see Sample Annotated XSD Schema for XPath Examples (SQLXML 4.0).

Examples

A. Specify the * arithmetic operator

This XPath query returns <OrderDetail> elements that satisfy the predicate specified:

/child::OrderDetail[@UnitPrice * @Quantity = 12.350]  

In the query, child is the axis and OrderDetail is the node test (TRUE if OrderDetail is an <element node>, because the <element> node is the primary node for the child axis). For all the <OrderDetail> element nodes, the test in the predicate is applied, and only those nodes that satisfy the condition are returned.

Note

The numbers in XPath are double-precision floating-point numbers, and comparing floating-point numbers as in the example causes rounding.

To test the XPath query against the mapping schema
  1. Copy the sample schema code and paste it into a text file. Save the file as SampleSchema1.xml.

  2. Create the following template (ArithmeticOperatorA.xml) and save it in the directory where SampleSchema1.xml is saved.

    <ROOT xmlns:sql="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:xml-sql">  
      <sql:xpath-query mapping-schema="SampleSchema1.xml">  
        /OrderDetail[@UnitPrice * @OrderQty = 12.350]  
      </sql:xpath-query>  
    </ROOT>  
    

    The directory path specified for the mapping schema (SampleSchema1.xml) is relative to the directory where the template is saved. An absolute path also can be specified, for example:

    mapping-schema="C:\MyDir\SampleSchema1.xml"  
    
  3. Create and use the SQLXML 4.0 Test Script (Sqlxml4test.vbs) to execute the template.

    For more information, see Using ADO to Execute SQLXML 4.0 Queries.

Here is the partial result set of the template execution:    
<ROOT xmlns:sql="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:xml-sql">  
  <OrderDetail ProductID="Prod-709" UnitPrice="6.175" OrderQty="2" UnitPriceDiscount="0" />   
  <OrderDetail ProductID="Prod-709" UnitPrice="6.175" OrderQty="2" UnitPriceDiscount="0" />   
  <OrderDetail ProductID="Prod-709" UnitPrice="6.175" OrderQty="2" UnitPriceDiscount="0" />   
  <OrderDetail ProductID="Prod-709" UnitPrice="6.175" OrderQty="2" UnitPriceDiscount="0" />   
  <OrderDetail ProductID="Prod-709" UnitPrice="6.175" OrderQty="2" UnitPriceDiscount="0" />   
  <OrderDetail ProductID="Prod-709" UnitPrice="6.175" OrderQty="2" UnitPriceDiscount="0" />   
  <OrderDetail ProductID="Prod-709" UnitPrice="6.175" OrderQty="2" UnitPriceDiscount="0" />   
  <OrderDetail ProductID="Prod-710" UnitPrice="6.175" OrderQty="2" UnitPriceDiscount="0" />   
   ...  
</ROOT>