Create Synonyms

This topic describes how to create a synonym in SQL Server 2016 by using SQL Server Management Studio or Transact-SQL.

In This Topic

Before You Begin

Security

To create a synonym in a given schema, a user must have CREATE SYNONYM permission and either own the schema or have ALTER SCHEMA permission. The CREATE SYNONYM permission is a grantable permission.

Permissions

Using SQL Server Management Studio

To Create a Synonym

  1. In Object Explorer, expand the database where you want to create your new view.

  2. Right-click the Synonyms folder, then click New Synonym….

  3. In the Add Synonym dialog box, enter the following information.

    Synonym name
    Type the new name you will use for this object.

    Synonym schema
    Type the schema of the new name you will use for this object.

    Server name
    Type the server instance to connect to.

    Database name
    Type or select the database containing the object.

    Schema
    Type or select the schema that owns the object.

    Object type
    Select the type of object.

    Object name
    Type the name of the object to which the synonym refers.

Using Transact-SQL

To Create a Synonym

  1. Connect to the Database Engine.

  2. From the Standard bar, click New Query.

  3. Copy and paste the following examples into the query window and click Execute.

Example (Transact-SQL)

The following example creates a synonym for an existing table in the AdventureWorks2012 database. The synonym is then used in subsequent examples.

USE tempdb;  
GO  
CREATE SYNONYM MyAddressType  
FOR AdventureWorks2012.Person.AddressType;  
GO  

The following example inserts a row into the base table that is referenced by the MyAddressType synonym.

USE tempdb;  
GO  
INSERT INTO MyAddressType (Name)  
VALUES ('Test');  
GO  

The following example demonstrates how a synonym can be referenced in dynamic SQL.

USE tempdb;  
GO  
EXECUTE ('SELECT Name FROM MyAddressType');  
GO