sys.dm_tran_current_snapshot (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: yesSQL Server (all supported versions) YesAzure SQL Database YesAzure SQL Managed Instance yesAzure Synapse Analytics yesParallel Data Warehouse

Returns a virtual table that displays all active transactions at the time when the current snapshot transaction starts. If the current transaction is not a snapshot transaction, this function returns no rows. sys.dm_tran_current_snapshot is similar to sys.dm_tran_transactions_snapshot, except that sys.dm_tran_current_snapshot returns only the active transactions for the current snapshot transaction.


To call this from Azure Synapse Analytics (SQL Data Warehouse) or Parallel Data Warehouse, use the name sys.dm_pdw_nodes_tran_current_snapshot.



Table Returned

Column name Data type Description
transaction_sequence_num bigint Transaction sequence number of the active transaction.
pdw_node_id int Applies to: Azure Synapse Analytics (SQL Data Warehouse), Parallel Data Warehouse

The identifier for the node that this distribution is on.


On SQL Server, requires VIEW SERVER STATE permission.
On SQL Database Premium Tiers, requires the VIEW DATABASE STATE permission in the database. On SQL Database Standard and Basic Tiers, requires the Server admin or an Azure Active Directory admin account.


The following example uses a test scenario in which four concurrent transactions, each identified by a transaction sequence number (XSN), are running in a database that has the ALLOW_SNAPSHOT_ISOLATION and READ_COMMITTED_SNAPSHOT options set to ON. The following transactions are running:

  • XSN-57 is an update operation under serializable isolation.

  • XSN-58 is the same as XSN-57.

  • XSN-59 is a select operation under snapshot isolation.

  • XSN-60 is the same as XSN-59.

The following query is executed within the scope of XSN-59.

  FROM sys.dm_tran_current_snapshot;  

Here is the result set.


The results show that XSN-57 and XSN-58 were active at the time that the snapshot transaction XSN-59 started. This same result persists, even after XSN-57 and XSN-58 commit or roll back, until the snapshot transaction finishes.

The same query is executed within the scope of XSN-60.

Here is the result set.


The output for XSN-60 includes the same transactions that appear for XSN-59, but also includes XSN-59, which was active when XSN-60 started.

See Also

Dynamic Management Views and Functions (Transact-SQL)
Transaction Related Dynamic Management Views and Functions (Transact-SQL)