sp_fulltext_load_thesaurus_file (Transact-SQL)

APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server noAzure SQL Database noAzure SQL Data Warehouse noParallel Data Warehouse

Causes the server instance to parse and load the data from the thesaurus file that corresponds to the language whose LCID is specified. This stored procedure is useful after updating a thesaurus file. Executing sp_fulltext_load_thesaurus_file causes recompilation of full-text queries that use the thesaurus of the specified LCID.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions


sys.sp_fulltext_load_thesaurus_file lcid [ , @loadOnlyIfNotLoaded  = action ]   


Integer mapping the locale identifier (LCID) of the language for which you want to lade the thesaurus XML definition. To obtain the LCIDs of languages that are available on a server instance, use the sys.fulltext_languages (Transact-SQL) catalog view.

**@loadOnlyIfNotLoaded** = action
Specifies whether the thesaurus file is loaded into the internal thesaurus tables even if it has already been loaded. action is one of:

Value Definition
0 Load the thesaurus file regardless of whether it is already loaded. This is the default behavior of sp_fulltext_load_thesaurus_file.
1 Load the thesaurus file only if it is not yet loaded.

Return Code Values


Result Sets



Thesaurus files are automatically loaded by full-text queries that use the thesaurus. To avoid this first-time performance impact on full-text queries, we recommend that you execute sp_fulltext_load_thesaurus_file.

Use sp_fulltext_service'update_languages' to update the list of languages registered with full-text search.


Only members of the sysadmin fixed server role or the system administrator can execute the sp_fulltext_load_thesaurus_file stored procedure.

Only system administrators can update, modify, or delete thesaurus files.


A. Load a thesaurus file even if it is already loaded

The following example parses and loads the English thesaurus file.

EXEC sys.sp_fulltext_load_thesaurus_file 1033;

B. Load a thesaurus file only if it is not yet loaded

The following example parses and loads the Arabic thesaurus file, unless it is already loaded.

EXEC sys.sp_fulltext_load_thesaurus_file 1025, @loadOnlyIfNotLoaded = 1;

See Also

System Stored Procedures (Transact-SQL)
Configure and Manage Thesaurus Files for Full-Text Search