Execute User-defined Functions

APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server yesAzure SQL Database noAzure Synapse Analytics (SQL DW) noParallel Data Warehouse

Execute a user defined function using Transact-SQL.

Note: Visit user defined function and Create Function (Transact SQL for more information about user defined functions.

Before you begin

Limitations and restrictions

In Transact-SQL, parameters can be supplied either by using value or by using @parameter_name=value. A parameter is not part of a transaction; therefore, if a parameter is changed in a transaction that is later rolled back, the value of the parameter does not revert to its previous value. The value returned to the caller is always the value at the time the module returns.


Permissions are not required to run the EXECUTE statement. However, permissions are required on the securables referenced within the EXECUTE string. For example, if the string contains an INSERT statement, the caller of the EXECUTE statement must have INSERT permission on the target table. Permissions are checked at the time EXECUTE statement is encountered, even if the EXECUTE statement is included within a module. For more information, see EXECUTE (Transact-SQL)

Using Transact-SQL


This example uses the ufnGetSalesOrderStatusText scalar-valued function that is available in most editions of AdventureWorks. The purpose of the function is to return a text value for sales status from a given integer. Vary the example by passing integers 1 through 7 to the @Status parameter.

USE [AdventureWorks2016CTP3]

-- Declare a variable to return the results of the function. 
DECLARE @ret nvarchar(15);   

-- Execute the function while passing a value to the @status parameter
EXEC @ret = dbo.ufnGetSalesOrderStatusText 
	@Status = 5; 

-- View the returned value.  The Execute and Select statements must be executed at the same time.  
SELECT N'Order Status: ' + @ret; 

-- Result:
-- Order Status: Shipped