Create views over XML columns

Applies to: yesSQL Server (all supported versions) YesAzure SQL Database

You can use an xml type column to create views. The following example creates a view in which the value from an xml type column is retrieved using the value() method of the xml data type.

-- Create the table.
CREATE TABLE T (
    ProductID INT PRIMARY KEY,
    CatalogDescription XML);
GO
-- Insert sample data.
INSERT INTO T VALUES(1,'<ProductDescription ProductID="1" ProductName="SomeName" />');
GO
-- Create view (note the value() method used to retrieve ProductName
-- attribute value from the XML).
CREATE VIEW MyView AS
  SELECT ProductID,
         CatalogDescription.value('(/ProductDescription/@ProductName)[1]', 'varchar(40)') AS PName
  FROM T;
GO

Execute the following query against the view:

SELECT *
FROM   MyView;

This is the result:

ProductID   PName
----------- ------------
1           SomeName

Note the following points about using the xml data type to create views:

  • The xml data type can be created in a materialized view. The materialized view can't be based on an xml data type method. However, it can be cast to an XML schema collection that is different from the xml type column in the base table.

  • The xml data type can't be used in Distributed Partitioned Views.

  • SQL predicates running against the view won't be pushed into the XQuery of the view definition.

  • xml data type methods in a view aren't updatable.