Files-only installation refers to a Reporting Services installation where Setup creates the folder structure for Reporting Services program files, copies the files to disk, registers the Report Server service on the local computer, configures the service account, grants files permissions to the service account, and registers the Reporting Services WMI provider.
A files-only installation includes the following Reporting Services features: Report Server service (which hosts the Report Server Web service, background processing application, and Report Manager), Report Builder, the Reporting Services Configuration tool, and the Reporting Services command line utilities (rsconfig.exe, rskeymgmt.exe and rs.exe). It does not apply to shared features such as SQL Server Management Studio or SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT), which must be specified as separate items if you want to install them.
In contrast with other installation modes, a report server that is installed in files-only mode is not operational when Setup is finished. Additional configuration will be required to bring the report server online by using the Reporting Services Configuration Manager (Native Mode).
When to Select Files-Only Installation Mode
A files-only installation must be performed when:
You want to connect the report server to a remote report server database.
You want to install the report server as a named instance.
You have deployment requirements that include using custom settings or functionality, and you want full control over when and how the server is configured.
Installing a SQL Server failover cluster that includes Reporting Services.
How to Perform a Files-Only Installation
Files-only installation is the default for Reporting Services.
You can specify a files-only installation through the command line or in the Installation wizard. The following topics provide step-by-step instructions:
Example Command Line Script
For clarity, the example includes /RSINSTALLMODE="FilesOnlyMode". However, because files-only mode is the default, you can omit this and still get a files-only mode installation.
setup /q /ACTION=install /FEATURES=RS /InstanceName=MSSQLSERVER /RSSVCACCOUNT="NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE" /RSINSTALLMODE="FilesOnlyMode"
When you select Reporting Services in the Feature Selection page, Setup provides a Reporting Services Configuration page that enables you to specify the installation mode. To specify a files-only installation, select Install but do not configure the report server on the Reporting Services Configuration page.
Verify a Reporting Services Installation
Configure the Report Server Service Account (SSRS Configuration Manager)
Configure Report Server URLs (SSRS Configuration Manager)
Configure a Report Server Database Connection (SSRS Configuration Manager)
Install Reporting Services SharePoint Mode
Install Reporting Services Native Mode Report Server
Reporting Services Tools