Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard
You can use the Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard to create scripts for transferring a database between instances of the SQL Server Database Engine or Azure SQL Database. You can generate scripts for a database on an instance of the Database Engine in your local network, or from SQL Database. The generated scripts can be run on another instance of the Database Engine or SQL Database. You can also use the wizard to publish the contents of a database directly to a Web service created by using the Database Publishing Services. You can create scripts for an entire database, or limit it to specific objects.
For a more detailed Tutorial on using the Generate and Publish Scripts wizard, see Tutorial: Generate Scripts Wizard.
Before You Begin
The source and target database can be on SQL Database, or an instance of the Database Engine running SQL Server 2005 (9.x) or later.
Publishing to a Hosted Service
In addition to creating scripts, the Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard can be used to publish a database to a specific type of hosted SQL Server Web service. The SQL Server Hosting Toolkit provides Database Publishing Services as a shared source project on CodePlex. The Database Publishing Services project can be used by Web hosting providers to build a set of Web services that make it easy for their customers to deploy databases to the Web service. For more information about downloading the SQL Server Hosting Toolkit, see SQL Server Database Publishing Services.
To publish a database to a Web hosting service, select the Publish to Web Service option on the Set Scripting Options page of the wizard.
The minimum permission to publish a database is membership in the db_ddladmin fixed database role on the origin database. The minimum permission to publish a database script to an instance of SQL Server at the hosting provider is membership in the db_ddladmin fixed database role on the target database.
The user also has to supply a user name and password to access their hosting provider account to publish with the wizard. The target database must be created at the hosting provider before the source database is published. Publishing overwrites objects in that existing database.
Using the Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard
To generate a publish a script
In Object Explorer, expand the node for the instance containing the database to be scripted.
Point to Tasks, and then select Generate Scripts.
Complete the wizard dialogs:
This page describes the steps for generating or publishing a script.
Do not show this page again - Skip this page the next time you start the Generate and Publish Scripts Wizard.
Choose Objects Page
Use this page to choose which objects you want to include in the scripts generated by this wizard. In the following wizard page, you have an option to save these scripts to the location of your choice or use them to publish database objects to a remote Web hosting provider that has installed the SQL Server Database Publishing Services.
Script Entire Database Option - Select to generate scripts for all objects in the database and to include a script for the database itself.
Select specific database objects - Select to limit the wizard to generate scripts for only the specific objects in the database that you choose:
Database objects - Select at least one object to include in the script.
Select All - Selects all available check boxes.
Deselect All - Clears all the check boxes. You must select at least one database object to continue.
Set Scripting Options Page
Use this page to specify if you want the wizard to save scripts to the location of your choice or to use them to publish database objects to a remote Web hosting provider. To publish, you must get access to a Web service installed by using the Database Publishing Services Web service.
Options - If you want the wizard to save scripts to a location of your choice, select Save scripts to a specific location. You can later run the scripts against either an instance of the Database Engine, or against SQL Database. If you want the wizard to publish your database objects to a remote Web hosting provider, select Publish to Web service.
Save Scripts to a Specific Location - save one or more Transact-SQL script files to a location you specify.
Save as notebook - Save the script to one or more .sql files. Select the browse button (...) to specify a name and location for the file.
Save as script file Save the script to one or more .sql files. Select the browse button (...) to specify a name and location for the file. Select the Overwrite existing file check box to replace the file if one already exists with the same name. Select Single script file or One script file per object to specify how the scripts should be generated. Select Unicode text or ANSI text to specify the kind of text that should be used in the script.
Save to Clipboard - Save the Transact-SQL script to the Clipboard.
Open in new query window - Generate the script to a Database Engine Query Editor window. If no editor window is open, a new editor window is opened as the target for the script.
Advanced - Display the Advanced Publishing Options dialog box where you can select advanced options for publishing scripts.
Provider - Select the provider that specifies the connection information for the Web hosting service that hosts the database where you want to publish the objects that you selected. You must have at least one provider in the Manage Providers dialog box to select a provider.
Target database - Select the target database where you want to publish the objects that you selected. You must select a provider before selecting a target database.
Advanced Scripting Options Page
Use this page to specify how you want this wizard to generate scripts. Many different options are available. Options are greyed out if they are not supported by the version of SQL Server or SQL Database specified in Database engine type.
Options - Specify advanced options by selecting a value from the list of available settings to the right of each option.
General - The following options apply to the entire script.
ANSI Padding - Includes ANSI PADDING ON in the script. The default is True.
Append to file - When True, this script is added to the bottom of an existing script, specified on the Set Scripting Options page. When False, the new script overwrites a previous script. The default is False.
Check for object existence - When True, adds the existence check before generating the create statement for your SQL Objects. For example: tables, views, functions, or stored procedures. The CREATE statement is wrapped in an IF statement. If you know your target is clean, the script is a lot cleaner. If you do NOT expect the objects to exist on the target, you get an error. The default is False.
Continue scripting on error - When False, scripting stops when an error occurs. When True, scripting continues. The default is False.
Convert UDDTs to base types - When True, user-defined data types (UDDT) are converted into the underlying base data types that were used to create them. Use True when the UDDT does not exist in the database where the script runs. When False, UDDTs are used. The default is False.
Generate script for dependent objects - Generates a script for any object that is required to be present when the script for the selected object is executed. The default is True.
Include descriptive headers - When True, descriptive comments are added to the script separating the script into sections for each object. The default is False.
Include if NOT EXISTS - When True, the script includes a statement to check whether the object already exists in the database, and does not try to create a new object if the object already exists. The default is False.
Include system constraint names - When False, the default value of constraints that were automatically named on the origin database are automatically renamed on the target database. When True, constraints have the same name on the origin and target databases.
Include unsupported statements - When False, the script does not contain statements for objects that are not supported on the selected server version or engine type. When True, the script contains the unsupported objects. Each statement for an unsupported object has a comment that the statement must be edited before the script can be run against the selected SQL Server version or engine type. The default is False.
Schema qualify object names - Includes the schema name in the name of objects that are created. The default is True.
Script collation - Includes collation information in the script. The default is False. For more information, see Collation and Unicode Support.
Script defaults - Includes default objects used to set default values in table columns. The default is True. For more information, see CREATE DEFAULT (Transact-SQL).
Script drop and create - When Script CREATE, Transact-SQL statements are included to create objects. When Script DROP, Transact-SQL statements are included to drop objects. When Script DROP and CREATE, the Transact-SQL drop statement is included in the script, followed by the create statement, for each scripted object. The default is Script CREATE.
Script extended properties - Includes extended properties in the script if the object has extended properties. The default is True.
Script for engine type - Creates a script that can be run on the selected type of either SQL Database or an instance of the SQL Server Database Engine. Objects not supported on the specified type are not included in the script. The default is the type of the origin server.
Script for server version - Creates a script that can be run on the selected version of SQL Server. Features new to a version cannot be scripted for earlier versions. The default is the version of the origin server.
Script logins - When the object to be scripted is a database user, this option creates the logins on which the user depends. The default is False.
Script object-Level permissions - Includes scripts to set permission on the objects in the database. The default is False.
Script statistics - When set to Script Statistics, this option includes the CREATE STATISTICS statement to re-create statistics on the object. The Script statistics and histograms option also creates histogram information. The default is Do not script statistics. For more information, see CREATE STATISTICS (Transact-SQL).
Script USE DATABASE - Adds the USE DATABASE statement to the script. To make sure that database objects are created in the correct database, include the USE DATABASE statement. When the script is expected to be used in a different database, select False to omit the USE DATABASE statement. The default is True. For more information, see USE (Transact-SQL).
Types of data to script - Selects what should be scripted: Data only, Schema only, or both. The default is Schema only.
Table/View Options - The following options apply only to scripts for tables or views.
Script change tracking - Scripts change tracking if it is enabled on the origin database or tables in the origin database. The default is False. For more information, see About Change Tracking (SQL Server).
Script check constraints - Adds CHECK constraints to the script. The default is True. CHECK constraints require data that is entered into a table to meet some specified condition. For more information, see Unique Constraints and Check Constraints.
Script data compression options - Scripts data compression options if they are configured on the origin database or tables in the origin database. For more information, see Data Compression. The default is False.
Script foreign keys - Adds foreign keys to the script. The default is True. Foreign keys indicate and enforce relationships between tables.
Script full-text indexes - Scripts the creation of full-text indexes. The default is False.
Script indexes - Scripts the creation of indexes. The default is True. Indexes help you find data quickly.
Script primary keys - Scripts the creation of primary keys on tables. The default is True. Primary keys uniquely identify each row of a table.
Script triggers - Scripts the creation of DML triggers on tables. The default is False. A DML trigger is an action programmed to execute when a data manipulation language (DML) event occurs in the database server. For more information, see DML Triggers.
Script unique keys - Scripts the creation of unique keys on tables. Unique keys prevent duplicate data from being entered. The default is True. For more information, see Unique Constraints and Check Constraints.
This page summarizes the options that you have selected in this wizard. To change an option, select Previous. To begin generating scripts that are saved or published, select Next.
Review your selections - Displays the selections you have made for each page of the wizard. Expand a node to see the selected options for the corresponding page.
Save or Publish Scripts Page
Use this page to monitor the progress of the wizard as it occurs.
Details - View the Action column to see the progress of the wizard. After generating the scripts, the wizard saves the scripts to a file or uses them to publish to a Web service, depending on your selections. When each of these steps is complete, Select the value in the Result column to see the outcome of the corresponding step.
Save Report - Select to save the results of the wizard's progress to a file.
Cancel - Select to close the wizard before processing has completed, or if an error occurs.
Finish - Select to close the wizard after processing has completed, or if an error occurs.
If all the settings are correct, your configuration finishes successfully.
Generating Scripts on Azure Synapse Analytics
If the syntax generated when using "Script As..." does not look like Azure Synapse Analytics syntax or if you receive an error message, you may need to set your scripting options in SQL Server Management Studio to Azure Synapse Analytics.
How to set default scripting options to SQL Data Warehouse
In order to script objects with Azure Synapse Analytics syntax, set the default scripting option to Azure Synapse Analytics as follows:
- Select Tools then Options.
- Under General Scripting Options set:
- Script for the database engine type: Microsoft Azure SQL Database.
- Script for the database engine edition: Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse Edition.
- Select OK.
How to Generate Scripts for SQL Data Warehouse when it is not the default scripting option
If you set Azure Synapse Analytics as your default scripting option as shown above, these instructions can be ignored. However, if you choose to use different default scripting options, you may encounter an error. To avoid errors, follow these steps in order to Generate and Publish Scripts for Azure Synapse Analytics:
- Right-click your SQL Data Warehouse database.
- Select Generate Scripts.
- Choose the Objects you wish to script.
- In Scripting Options, select Advanced. Under General set:
- Script for the database engine type: Microsoft Azure SQL Database.
- Script for the database engine edition: Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse Edition.
- Select Save or Publish Scripts then Finish.
The options set in Step 4 aren't remembered. If you prefer for these options to be remembered, follow the instructions in How to set default scripting options to SQL Data Warehouse.