SYSDATETIME (Transact-SQL)

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server (starting with 2008)yesAzure SQL DatabaseyesAzure SQL Data Warehouse yesParallel Data Warehouse

Returns a datetime2(7) value that contains the date and time of the computer on which the instance of SQL Server is running.

Note

SYSDATETIME and SYSUTCDATETIME have more fractional seconds precision than GETDATE and GETUTCDATE. SYSDATETIMEOFFSET includes the system time zone offset. SYSDATETIME, SYSUTCDATETIME, and SYSDATETIMEOFFSET can be assigned to a variable of any of the date and time types.

For an overview of all Transact-SQL date and time data types and functions, see Date and Time Data Types and Functions (Transact-SQL).

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

Syntax

-- Syntax for SQL Server, Azure SQL Database, Azure SQL Data Warehouse, Parallel Data Warehouse  

SYSDATETIME ( )  

Return Type

datetime2(7)

Remarks

Transact-SQL statements can refer to SYSDATETIME anywhere they can refer to a datetime2(7) expression.

SYSDATETIME is a nondeterministic function. Views and expressions that reference this function in a column cannot be indexed.

Note

SQL Server obtains the date and time values by using the GetSystemTimeAsFileTime() Windows API. The accuracy depends on the computer hardware and version of Windows on which the instance of SQL Server is running. The precision of this API is fixed at 100 nanoseconds. The accuracy can be determined by using the GetSystemTimeAdjustment() Windows API.

Examples

The following examples use the six SQL Server system functions that return current date and time to return the date, time or both. The values are returned in series; therefore, their fractional seconds might be different.

A. Getting the current system date and time

SELECT SYSDATETIME()  
    ,SYSDATETIMEOFFSET()  
    ,SYSUTCDATETIME()  
    ,CURRENT_TIMESTAMP  
    ,GETDATE()  
    ,GETUTCDATE();  
/* Returned:  
SYSDATETIME()      2007-04-30 13:10:02.0474381  
SYSDATETIMEOFFSET()2007-04-30 13:10:02.0474381 -07:00  
SYSUTCDATETIME()   2007-04-30 20:10:02.0474381  
CURRENT_TIMESTAMP  2007-04-30 13:10:02.047  
GETDATE()          2007-04-30 13:10:02.047  
GETUTCDATE()       2007-04-30 20:10:02.047  
*/

B. Getting the current system date

SELECT CONVERT (date, SYSDATETIME())  
    ,CONVERT (date, SYSDATETIMEOFFSET())  
    ,CONVERT (date, SYSUTCDATETIME())  
    ,CONVERT (date, CURRENT_TIMESTAMP)  
    ,CONVERT (date, GETDATE())  
    ,CONVERT (date, GETUTCDATE());  

/* All returned 2007-04-30 */  

C. Getting the current system time

SELECT CONVERT (time, SYSDATETIME())  
    ,CONVERT (time, SYSDATETIMEOFFSET())  
    ,CONVERT (time, SYSUTCDATETIME())  
    ,CONVERT (time, CURRENT_TIMESTAMP)  
    ,CONVERT (time, GETDATE())  
    ,CONVERT (time, GETUTCDATE());  

/* Returned  
SYSDATETIME()      13:18:45.3490361  
SYSDATETIMEOFFSET()13:18:45.3490361  
SYSUTCDATETIME()   20:18:45.3490361  
CURRENT_TIMESTAMP  13:18:45.3470000  
GETDATE()          13:18:45.3470000  
GETUTCDATE()       20:18:45.3470000  
*/  

Examples: Azure SQL Data Warehouse and Parallel Data Warehouse

D: Getting the current system date and time

SELECT SYSDATETIME();  

Here is the result set.

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7/20/2013 2:49:59 PM

See Also

CAST and CONVERT (Transact-SQL)
Date and Time Data Types and Functions (Transact-SQL)