UPPER (Transact-SQL)

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server (starting with 2008)yesAzure SQL DatabaseyesAzure SQL Data Warehouse yesParallel Data Warehouse

Returns a character expression with lowercase character data converted to uppercase.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

Syntax

-- Syntax for SQL Server, Azure SQL Database, Azure SQL Data Warehouse, Parallel Data Warehouse  

UPPER ( character_expression )  

Arguments

character_expression
Is an expression of character data. character_expression can be a constant, variable, or column of either character or binary data.

character_expression must be of a data type that is implicitly convertible to varchar. Otherwise, use CAST to explicitly convert character_expression.

Return Types

varchar or nvarchar

Examples

The following example uses the UPPER and RTRIM functions to return the last name of people in the Person table in the AdventureWorks2012 database so that it is uppercase, trimmed, and concatenated with the first name.

SELECT UPPER(RTRIM(LastName)) + ', ' + FirstName AS Name  
FROM Person.Person  
ORDER BY LastName;  
GO  

Examples: Azure SQL Data Warehouse and Parallel Data Warehouse

The following example uses the UPPER and RTRIM functions to return the last name of people in the dbo.DimEmployee table so that it is in uppercase, trimmed, and concatenated with the first name.

-- Uses AdventureWorks  

SELECT UPPER(RTRIM(LastName)) + ', ' + FirstName AS Name  
FROM dbo.DimEmployee  
ORDER BY LastName;  

Here is a partial result set.

Name

------------------------------

ABBAS, Syed

ABERCROMBIE, Kim

ABOLROUS, Hazem

See Also

Data Types (Transact-SQL)
String Functions (Transact-SQL)