ALTER SECURITY POLICY (Transact-SQL)

APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server (starting with 2016) yesAzure SQL Database noAzure SQL Data Warehouse noParallel Data Warehouse

Alters a security policy.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

Syntax

ALTER SECURITY POLICY schema_name.security_policy_name   
    (  
        { ADD { FILTER | BLOCK } PREDICATE tvf_schema_name.security_predicate_function_name   
           ( { column_name | arguments } [ , …n ] ) ON table_schema_name.table_name   
           [ <block_dml_operation> ]  }   
        | { ALTER { FILTER | BLOCK } PREDICATE tvf_schema_name.new_security_predicate_function_name   
             ( { column_name | arguments } [ , …n ] ) ON table_schema_name.table_name   
           [ <block_dml_operation> ] }  
        | { DROP { FILTER | BLOCK } PREDICATE ON table_schema_name.table_name }   
        | [ <additional_add_alter_drop_predicate_statements> [ , ...n ] ]  
    )    [ WITH ( STATE = { ON | OFF } ]  
    [ NOT FOR REPLICATION ]  
[;]  

<block_dml_operation>  
    [ { AFTER { INSERT | UPDATE } }   
    | { BEFORE { UPDATE | DELETE } } ]  

Arguments

security_policy_name
The name of the security policy. Security policy names must comply with the rules for identifiers and must be unique within the database and to its schema.

schema_name
Is the name of the schema to which the security policy belongs. schema_name is required because of schema binding.

[ FILTER | BLOCK ]
The type of security predicate for the function being bound to the target table. FILTER predicates silently filter the rows that are available to read operations. BLOCK predicates explicitly block write operations that violate the predicate function.

tvf_schema_name.security_predicate_function_name
Is the inline table value function that will be used as a predicate and that will be enforced upon queries against a target table. At most one security predicate can be defined for a particular DML operation against a particular table. The inline table value function must have been created using the SCHEMABINDING option.

{ column_name | arguments }
The column name or expression used as parameters for the security predicate function. Any columns on the target table can be used as arguments for the predicate function. Expressions that include literals, builtins, and expressions that use arithmetic operators can be used.

table_schema_name.table_name
Is the target table to which the security predicate will be applied. Multiple disabled security policies can target a single table for a particular DML operation, but only one can be enabled at any given time.

<block_dml_operation>
The particular DML operation for which the block predicate will be applied. AFTER specifies that the predicate will be evaluated on the values of the rows after the DML operation was performed (INSERT or UPDATE). BEFORE specifies that the predicate will be evaluated on the values of the rows before the DML operation is performed (UPDATE or DELETE). If no operation is specified, the predicate will apply to all operations.

You cannot ALTER the operation for which a block predicate will be applied, because the operation is used to uniquely identify the predicate. Instead, you must drop the predicate and add a new one for the new operation.

WITH ( STATE = { ON | OFF } )
Enables or disables the security policy from enforcing its security predicates against the target tables. If not specified the security policy being created is disabled.

NOT FOR REPLICATION
Indicates that the security policy should not be executed when a replication agent modifies the target object. For more information, see Control the Behavior of Triggers and Constraints During Synchronization (Replication Transact-SQL Programming).

table_schema_name.table_name
Is the target table to which the security predicate will be applied. Multiple disabled security policies can target a single table, but only one can be enabled at any given time.

Remarks

The ALTER SECURITY POLICY statement is in a transaction's scope. If the transaction is rolled back, the statement is also rolled back.

When using predicate functions with memory-optimized tables, security policies must include SCHEMABINDING and use the WITH NATIVE_COMPILATION compilation hint. The SCHEMABINDING argument cannot be changed with the ALTER statement because it applies to all predicates. To change schema binding you must drop and recreate the security policy.

Block predicates are evaluated after the corresponding DML operation is executed. Therefore, a READ UNCOMMITTED query can see transient values that will be rolled back.

Permissions

Requires the ALTER ANY SECURITY POLICY permission.

Additionally the following permissions are required for each predicate that is added:

  • SELECT and REFERENCES permissions on the function being used as a predicate.
  • REFERENCES permission on the target table being bound to the policy.
  • REFERENCES permission on every column from the target table used as arguments.

Examples

The following examples demonstrate the use of the ALTER SECURITY POLICY syntax. For an example of a complete security policy scenario, see Row-Level Security.

A. Adding an additional predicate to a policy

The following syntax alters a security policy, adding a filter predicate on the mytable table.

ALTER SECURITY POLICY pol1   
    ADD FILTER PREDICATE schema_preds.SecPredicate(column1)   
    ON myschema.mytable;  

B. Enabling an existing policy

The following example uses the ALTER syntax to enable a security policy.

ALTER SECURITY POLICY pol1 WITH ( STATE = ON );  

C. Adding and dropping multiple predicates

The following syntax alters a security policy, adding filter predicates on the mytable1 and mytable3 tables, and removing the filter predicate on the mytable2 table.

ALTER SECURITY POLICY pol1  
ADD FILTER PREDICATE schema_preds.SecPredicate1(column1)   
    ON myschema.mytable1,  
DROP FILTER PREDICATE   
    ON myschema.mytable2,  
ADD FILTER PREDICATE schema_preds.SecPredicate2(column2, 1)   
    ON myschema.mytable3;  

D. Changing the predicate on a table

The following syntax changes the existing filter predicate on the mytable table to be the SecPredicate2 function.

ALTER SECURITY POLICY pol1  
    ALTER FILTER PREDICATE schema_preds.SecPredicate2(column1)  
        ON myschema.mytable;  

E. Changing a block predicate

Changing the block predicate function for an operation on a table.

ALTER SECURITY POLICY rls.SecPol  
    ALTER BLOCK PREDICATE rls.tenantAccessPredicate_v2(TenantId) 
    ON dbo.Sales AFTER INSERT;  

See Also

Row-Level Security
CREATE SECURITY POLICY (Transact-SQL)
DROP SECURITY POLICY (Transact-SQL)
sys.security_policies (Transact-SQL)
sys.security_predicates (Transact-SQL)