DENY Certificate Permissions (Transact-SQL)

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO:yesSQL Server (starting with 2008)yesAzure SQL DatabasenoAzure SQL Data Warehouse noParallel Data Warehouse

Denies permissions on a certificate.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

Syntax


DENY permission  [ ,...n ]   
    ON CERTIFICATE :: certificate_name   
    TO principal [ ,...n ]  
    [ CASCADE ]  
    [ AS denying_principal ]  

Arguments

permission
Specifies a permission that can be denied on a certificate. Listed below.

ON CERTIFICATE ::certificate_name
Specifies the certificate on which the permission is being denied. The scope qualifier "::" is required.

database_principal
Specifies the principal to which the permission is being denied. One of the following:

  • database user

  • database role

  • application role

  • database user mapped to a Windows login

  • database user mapped to a Windows group

  • database user mapped to a certificate

  • database user mapped to an asymmetric key

  • database user not mapped to a server principal.

    CASCADE
    Indicates that the permission being denied is also denied to other principals to which it has been granted by this principal.

    denying_principal
    Specifies a principal from which the principal executing this query derives its right to deny the permission. One of the following:

  • database user

  • database role

  • application role

  • database user mapped to a Windows login

  • database user mapped to a Windows group

  • database user mapped to a certificate

  • database user mapped to an asymmetric key

  • database user not mapped to a server principal.

Remarks

A certificate is a database-level securable contained by the database that is its parent in the permissions hierarchy. The most specific and limited permissions that can be denied on a certificate are listed below, together with the more general permissions that include them by implication.

Certificate permission Implied by certificate permission Implied by database permission
CONTROL CONTROL CONTROL
TAKE OWNERSHIP CONTROL CONTROL
ALTER CONTROL ALTER ANY CERTIFICATE
REFERENCES CONTROL REFERENCES
VIEW DEFINITION CONTROL VIEW DEFINITION

Permissions

Requires CONTROL permission on the certificate. If the AS clause is used, the specified principal must own the certificate.

See Also

DENY (Transact-SQL)
Permissions (Database Engine)
Principals (Database Engine)
CREATE CERTIFICATE (Transact-SQL)
CREATE ASYMMETRIC KEY (Transact-SQL)
CREATE APPLICATION ROLE (Transact-SQL)
Encryption Hierarchy