Applies To: System Center 2016 - Service Manager
Runbooks in Service Manger are used to automate procedures. The following sections provide details about the purpose and use of runbooks.
Runbooks in Service Manager
To automate processes in System Center, Orchestrator uses runbooks to automate procedures. Runbooks are visual representations of the procedures. The value that runbooks have is that they help ensure that Orchestrator automation is driven and tracked from Service Manager and that Service Manager interactions with other System Center products and non-Microsoft systems are much easier to implement.
Additionally, the Orchestrator workflow authoring interface is available for your custom Service Manager scenarios. Runbooks are imported into Service Manager using the Orchestrator connector. After the connector is synchronized, imported runbooks appear in the Library workspace under the Runbooks node in the Service Manager console, where you can view them and also create runbook automation activity templates.
System Center - Orchestrator is an automation platform for orchestrating and integrating IT tools to drive down the cost of datacenter operations, while improving the reliability of IT processes. Orchestrator enables IT organizations to automate best practices, such as those that are found in the Microsoft Operations Framework (MOF) and Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL). This is achieved through workflow processes that coordinate Microsoft and other management tools to automate incident response, change and compliance, and service-life-cycle management processes.
Through its workflow designer, Orchestrator automatically shares data and initiates tasks in System Center components, including Operations Manager, Service Manager, Virtual Machine Manager, Configuration Manager, Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS), and non-Microsoft tools. Orchestrator workflow automates IT infrastructure tasks, while Service Manager workflow provides automation of human workflow. The combined offering ensures repeatable, consistent results by removing the latency associated with manual coordination service delivery. System Center and Orchestrator enable integration, efficiency, and business alignment of datacenter IT services by:
Automating processes and enforcing best practices for incident, change, and service-life-cycle management.
Reducing unanticipated errors and service delivery time by automating tasks across responsibility groups within your IT organization.
Integrating System Center with non-Microsoft tools to enable interoperability across the datacenter.
Orchestrating tasks across systems for consistent, documented, and compliant activity.
Create a runbook automation activity template
After you import runbooks into Service Manager using the Orchestrator connector from Orchestrator, you can create a runbook automation activity template to map parameters in Orchestrator to corresponding parameters in Service Manager.
As an example, you can implement a new request offering using an Orchestrator runbook to automate it. Then, you can go to the Runbooks view in the Library workspace, select a runbook, and create a runbook automation activity template. You can go to the templates view and verify that the template is created. You can then add the Orchestrator activity template to a service request template and create the request offering. You then can then map the runbook template to a different runbook with the same inputs and outputs if you find that you need to fix a problem or improve the process.
If you have extended root classes such as service request or release record, then you can map runbook activity parameter to extended properties only if the runbook activity template and service request templates are saved in same management pack where the definition extension is located.
To create a runbook automation activity template
In the Service Manager console, click Library.
In the Library pane, click Runbooks.
In the Runbooks view, select a runbook.
In the Tasks pane, under RunbookName, click Create Runbook Automation Activity Template to open the Create Template dialog box.
In the Name box, type a name for the template.
Optionally, in the Description box, type a description for the template.
If necessary, select an unsealed management pack to save the template to, and then click OK. You will use this management pack later to retrieve the runbook automation activity template from another work item template, such as a service request template.
In the Runbook Activity Template: TemplateName form, on the General tab, type information for Title, Description, Area, Stage, Assigned To, and Designer.
Ensure that Is Ready for Automation is selected.
Select the Runbook tab, and then under Parameter Mapping, note that the parameters from the runbook are mapped to generic properties. For example, Parameter1, Parameter2, and so on of the runbook activity class. The Type column specifies whether the parameters are inputs or outputs. You can also type default values for each parameter using Edit Mapping.
For any parameter, click Edit Mapping.
Expand Object, and then click Id. This ID value will be used by the Orchestrator runbook to find the particular runbook activity that is being executed. Click Close.
Click OK to close the form and create the template.
View a runbook
After you import runbooks from Orchestrator into Service Manager, you can open the runbook in the Service Manager console to ensure that it contains the parameters you want to use in an automation activity template in Service Manager.
When you view the runbook, you can perform basic actions with the runbook, such as viewing the summary, jobs, instances, and definition of the runbook. You can also start and stop the runbook.
To view a runbook
In the Service Manager console, select Library.
In the Library pane, select Runbooks.
In the Runbooks view, select a runbook.
In the Tasks pane under RunbookName, click View Runbooks to open the runbook in Internet Explorer.
- Read User interface customization to customize how items are displayed in Service Manager.