Create a summary row for a DataGrid control by using Visual C# in ASP.NET

This article describes how to create a summary row for a DataGrid control by using Visual C# in ASP.NET.

Original product version:   Visual C#
Original KB number:   326339


In this article, you create a Visual C# .NET project, add code to access the Sales Totals by Amount view from the Northwind database, and then bind the Sales Totals by Amount view to the DataGrid. This sample uses the ItemDataBound event of the DataGrid to total the SaleAmount field when you bind the data to the DataGrid. This sample also uses the footer of the DataGrid to display the summary or the totals.

For a Microsoft Visual Basic .NET version of this article, see How to create a summary row for a DataGrid in ASP.NET by using Visual Basic .NET.

This article refers to the following .NET Framework Class Library namespace System.Data.SqlClient.


The following list outlines the recommended hardware, software, network infrastructure, and service packs that are required:

  • Windows
  • .NET Framework
  • Visual Studio .NET
  • Internet Information Services (IIS)
  • SQL Server 7.0 or later, and the Northwind database


The Northwind database is included with SQL Server 7.0 and later.

Create a Visual C# .NET project and add the DataGrid control

In this section, you create a Visual C# .NET project, select a format for the DataGrid, and then set the DataGrid to display the footer. Because you use the footer to display the summary, it is important that you display the footer.


By default, the ShowFooter property is turned off.

  1. Start Visual Studio .NET. The Visual Studio .NET integrated development environment (IDE) appears.

  2. On the File menu, point to New, and then click Project.

  3. In the New Project dialog box, click Visual C# Projects under Project Types, and then click ASP.NET Web Application under Templates.

  4. In the New Project dialog box, notice that the Name box is unavailable (it appears dimmed). The Location box contains the text (or similar) http://localhost/WebApplication1.

    Change the location to http://localhost/SummaryRow, and then click OK. A new project is created, which includes a Web Form that is named WebForm1.aspx.

  5. In Solution Explorer, double-click WebForm1.aspx.

  6. Drag a DataGrid control from the toolbox to the form.

  7. Right-click DataGrid, and then click Auto Format. Click Colorful 1, and then click OK.

  8. Right-click DataGrid, and then click Properties. In the Properties dialog box, change the value of the ShowFooter property to True.

Write code to access the database

In this section, you use the Sales Totals by Amount view that is located in the Northwind database to calculate the summary for the SaleAmount field. The Sales Totals by Amount view includes the Orders, the CompanyName, and the SaleAmount fields.

  1. In the Visual Studio .NET IDE, right-click the Web Form, and then click View Code.

  2. In the code-behind window, add the following code to the top of the page:

    using System.Data.SqlClient;
  3. Add the following code in the class declaration section:

    private double myTotal; //This variable tracks the running total.
  4. Replace the code in the Page_Load event with the following code:

    private void Page_Load (object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        //Connect to the database, retrieve data, and then fill the data in the DataSet.
        SqlConnection myConnection = new SqlConnection ("server=(local);uid=sa;" +
        SqlDataAdapter myDataAdapter = new SqlDataAdapter ("SELECT top 15 [OrderID], [CompanyName], " +
                        "[SaleAmount] FROM [Northwind].[dbo].[Sales Totals by Amount]", myConnection);
        DataSet myDataSet = new DataSet ();
        myDataAdapter.Fill (myDataSet);
        //Set the DataSource for the DataGrid, and then bind the data.
        DataGrid1.DataSource = myDataSet;
        DataGrid1.DataBind ();
  5. Modify the connection string as appropriate for your environment.

  6. Expand the Web Form Designer generated code region, and then add the following statement in the InitializeComponent function:

    += new System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridItemEventHandler(this.DataGrid1_ItemDataBound);

Use the ItemDataBound event

The ItemDataBound event is raised after an item is data bound to the DataGrid control. This event gives you with the last opportunity to access the data item before it appears on the client. After this event is raised, the data item is null and is no longer available.

For each item that is data bound, you must check the ItemType property. If ItemType is of type Item or AlternatingItem, you receive the value from the last cell of the item, which contains the SaleAmount value. In this sample, you add this value to the running summary variable. When the ItemType is Footer, you receive the total from all of the rows. Therefore, you assign the value of the summary variable to the text value of the last cell.


This code uses formatting expressions to provide a uniform look for the SaleAmount data.

Add the following code after the Page_Load event:

private void DataGrid1_ItemDataBound (object sender, System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridItemEventArgs e)
    switch ((int) (e.Item.ItemType))
        case (int) ListItemType.Item:
        case (int) ListItemType.AlternatingItem:
            //Calculate total for the field of each row and alternating row.
            myTotal += Convert.ToDouble (e.Item.Cells[2].Text);
            //Format the data, and then align the text of each cell to the right.
            e.Item.Cells[2].Text = Convert.ToDouble (e.Item.Cells[2].Text).ToString ("##,##0.00");
            e.Item.Cells[2].Attributes.Add ("align", "right");
        case (int) ListItemType.Footer:
            //Use the footer to display the summary row.
            e.Item.Cells[1].Text = "Total Sales";
            e.Item.Cells[1].Attributes.Add ("align", "left");
            e.Item.Cells[2].Attributes.Add ("align", "right");
            e.Item.Cells[2].Text = myTotal.ToString ("c");

Build the project and test the code

  1. On the File menu, click Save All.
  2. On the Build menu, click Build Solution.
  3. In Solution Explorer, right-click the .aspx page, and then click View in Browser. The .aspx page appears in the browser, and the DataGrid displays the OrderID, the CompanyName, and the SaleAmount columns. Notice that the footer displays the total of the SaleAmount column.