DHCP Server with Deactivated Scope sends a DHCPNAK to clients
This article provides a solution to an issue when you start a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) client.
Original product version: Windows Server 2012 R2
Original KB number: 228597
When you start a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) client, it tries to renew its lease on an existing IP address for its scope (Requesting state). Or in the case of the client never having an address, it will try to obtain a lease for an IP address for its scope (Initializing state). In the case where there are two or more DHCP servers on the network configured to service this segment, and a DHCP server has the scope for this segment disabled, the client may receive a negative acknowledgment (DHCPNAK) from the DHCP server with the disabled scope. If the client is running Windows NT Server or Workstation, the DHCPNAK would cause an event to be logged to the Windows NT System Event log. It will also increase network traffic and cause the client to needlessly fall back to an Initializing state.
Previous to Windows NT 4.0 Service Pack 4, this behavior wasn't present. It applies to Windows NT 4.0 Service Pack 5 as well.
Windows NT Server or Workstation 4.0
To resolve this problem, obtain the latest service pack for Windows NT 4.0 or the individual software update.
For information on obtaining the individual software update, contact Microsoft Product Support Services.
Windows NT Server 4.0, Terminal Server Edition
To resolve this problem, obtain the latest service pack for Windows NT Server 4.0, Terminal Server Edition.
Microsoft has confirmed that it's a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed at the beginning of this article. This problem was first corrected in Windows NT Server version 4.0, Terminal Server Edition Service Pack 6.
Administrators find that configuring two DHCP servers for the same scope then disabling one is an easy way to provide limited fault tolerance.
When the server with the active scope is unavailable, the DHCP server with the deactivated scope will assume the responsibilities for the DHCP clients of that scope.