Service overview and network port requirements for Windows

This article discusses the required network ports, protocols, and services that are used by Microsoft client and server operating systems, server-based programs, and their subcomponents in the Microsoft Windows Server system. Administrators and support professionals may use this article as a roadmap to determine which ports and protocols Microsoft operating systems and programs require for network connectivity in a segmented network.

Original product version:   Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 10, version 2004, Windows 10, version 1909, Windows 10, version 1903, Windows 7 Service Pack 1
Original KB number:   832017

Important

This article contains several references to the default dynamic port range. In Windows Server 2008 and later versions, and in Windows Vista and later versions, the default dynamic port range changed to the following range:

  • Start port: 49152
  • End port: 65535

Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows Server 2003 use the following dynamic port range:

  • Start port: 1025
  • End port: 5000

What this means for you:

  • If your computer network environment uses only Windows Server 2012, you must enable connectivity over the high port range of 49152 through 65535.
  • If your computer network environment uses Windows Server 2012 together with versions of Windows earlier than Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista, you must enable connectivity over both the following port ranges:
    High port range 49152 through 65535
    Low port range 1025 through 5000
  • If your computer network environment uses only versions of Windows earlier than Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista, you must enable connectivity over the low port range of 1025 through 5000.

For more information about the default dynamic port range, see The default dynamic port range for TCP/IP has changed.

You should not use the port information in this article to configure Windows Firewall. For information about how to configure Windows Firewall, see Windows Firewall with Advanced Security.

The Windows Server system includes a comprehensive and integrated infrastructure to meet the requirements of developers and information technology (IT) professionals. This system runs programs and solutions that you can use to obtain, analyze, and share information quickly and easily. These Microsoft client, server, and server program products use different network ports and protocols to communicate with client systems and with other server systems over the network. Dedicated firewalls, host-based firewalls, and Internet Protocol security (IPsec) filters are other important components that you must have to help secure your network. However, if these technologies are configured to block ports and protocols that are used by a specific server, that server will no longer respond to client requests.

Overview

The following list provides an overview of the information that this article contains:

  • The System services ports section contains a brief description of each service, displays the logical name of that service, and indicates the ports and protocols that each service requires for correct operation. Use this section to help identify the ports and protocols that a particular service uses.
  • The Ports and protocols section includes a table that summarizes the information from the System services ports section. The table is sorted by the port number instead of by the service name. Use this section to quickly determine which services listen on a particular port.

This article uses certain terms in specific ways. To help avoid confusion, make sure that you understand how the article uses these terms:

  • System services: System services are programs that load automatically as part of an application's startup process or as part of the operating system startup process. System services support the different tasks that the operating system must perform. For example, some system services that are available on computers that run Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition include the Server service, the Print Spooler service, and the World Wide Web Publishing service. Each system service has a friendly service name and a service name. The friendly service name is the name that appears in graphical management tools such as the Services Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in. The service name is the name that is used with command-line tools and with many scripting languages. Each system service may provide one or more network services.
  • Application protocol: In this article, application protocol refers to a high-level network protocol that uses one or more TCP/IP protocols and ports. Examples of application protocols include HTTP, server message blocks (SMBs), and Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP).
  • Protocol: TCP/IP protocols are standard formats for communicating between devices on a network. TCP/IP protocols operate at a lower level than the application protocols. The TCP/IP suite of protocols includes TCP, User Datagram Protocol (UDP), and Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP).
  • Port: This is the network port that the system service listens on for incoming network traffic.

This article does not specify which services rely on other services for network communication. For example, many services rely on the remote procedure call (RPC) or DCOM features in Microsoft Windows to assign them dynamic TCP ports. The Remote Procedure Call service coordinates requests by other system services that use RPC or DCOM to communicate with client computers. Many other services rely on network basic input/output system (NetBIOS) or SMBs, protocols that are provided by the Server service. Other services rely on HTTP or on Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS). These protocols are provided by Internet Information Services (IIS). A full discussion of the architecture of the Windows operating systems is beyond the scope of this article. However, detailed documentation on this subject is available on Microsoft TechNet and on the Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) websites. Although many services may rely on a particular TCP or UDP port, only one service or process at a time can listen on that port.

When you use RPC with TCP/IP or with UDP/IP as the transport, incoming ports are frequently dynamically assigned to system services as required; TCP/IP and UDP/IP ports that are higher than port 1024 are used. These are also informally known as random RPC ports. In these cases, RPC clients rely on the RPC endpoint mapper to tell them which dynamic port or ports were assigned to the server. For some RPC-based services, you can configure a specific port instead of letting RPC dynamically assign a port. You can also restrict the range of ports that RPC dynamically assigns to a small range, regardless of the service. For more information about this topic, see the References section.

This article includes information about the system services roles and the server roles for the Microsoft products that are listed in the Applies to section. Although this information may also apply to Windows XP and to Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional, this article is focused on server-class operating systems. Therefore, this describes the ports that a service listens on instead of the ports that client programs use to connect to a remote system.

System services ports

This section provides a description of each system service, includes the logical name that corresponds to the system service, and displays the ports and the protocols that each service requires.

Active Directory (local security authority)

Active Directory runs under the Lsass.exe process and includes the authentication and replication engines for Windows domain controllers. Domain controllers, client computers, and application servers require network connectivity to Active Directory over specific hard-coded ports. Additionally, unless a tunneling protocol is used to encapsulate traffic to Active Directory, a range of ephemeral TCP ports between 1024 to 5000 and 49152 to 65535 are required.

Note

  • If your computer network environment uses only Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, or Windows Vista, you must enable connectivity over the high port range of 49152 through 65535.

  • If your computer network environment uses Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, or Windows Vista together with versions of Windows earlier than Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista, you must enable connectivity over both port ranges:
    High port range of 49152 through 65535
    Low port range of 1025 through 5000

  • If your computer network environment uses only versions of Windows earlier than Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista, you must enable connectivity over the low port range of 1025 through 5000.

An encapsulated solution might consist of a VPN gateway located behind a filtering router that uses Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) together with IPsec. In this encapsulated scenario, you must allow the following items through the router instead of opening all the ports and protocols listed in this topic:

  • IPsec Encapsulating Security Protocol (ESP) (IP protocol 50)
  • IPsec Network Address Translator Traversal NAT-T (UDP port 4500)
  • IPsec Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP) (UDP port 500)

Finally, you can hard-code the port that is used for Active Directory replication by following the steps in Restricting Active Directory RPC traffic to a specific port. System service name: LSASS.

Note

Packet filters for L2TP traffic are not required, because L2TP is protected by IPsec ESP.

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Active Directory Web Services (ADWS) TCP 9389
Active Directory Management Gateway Service TCP 9389
Global Catalog TCP 3269
Global Catalog TCP 3268
ICMP No port number
LDAP Server TCP 389
LDAP Server UDP 389
LDAP SSL TCP 636
IPsec ISAKMP UDP 500
NAT-T UDP 4500
RPC TCP 135
RPC randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ TCP 1024 - 5000
49152 - 65535²
SMB TCP 445

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see Domain controllers and Active Directory in the References section. This also includes remote WMI and DCOM communications first used in Windows Server 2012 domain controller promotion during prerequisite validation and with the Server Manager tool.

² This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

In addition, the Microsoft LDAP client uses ICMP pings to verify that an LDAP server it has a pending request with is still present on the network. The following settings are LDAP session options:

Application Layer Gateway service

This subcomponent of the Internet Connection Sharing/Internet Connection Firewall (ICF) service provides support for plug-ins that allow network protocols to pass through the firewall and work behind Internet Connection Sharing. Application Layer Gateway (ALG) plug-ins can open ports and change data (such as ports and IP addresses) that are embedded in packets. FTP is the only network protocol that has a plug-in that is included with Windows Server. The ALG FTP plug-in supports active FTP sessions through the network address translation (NAT) engine that these components use. The ALG FTP plug-in supports these sessions by redirecting all traffic that meets the following criteria to a private listening port in the range of 3000 to 5000 on the loopback adapter:

  • Passes through the NAT engine
  • Is directed toward port 21

The ALG FTP plug-in then monitors and updates FTP control channel traffic so that the FTP plug-in can forward port mappings through the NAT for the FTP data channels. The FTP plug-in also updates ports in the FTP control channel stream.

System service name: ALG

Application protocol Protocol Ports
FTP control TCP 21

ASP.NET State Service

ASP.NET State Service provides support for ASP.NET out-of-process session states. ASP.NET State Service stores session data out-of-process. The service uses sockets to communicate with ASP.NET that is running on a web server.

System service name: aspnet_state

Application protocol Protocol Ports
ASP.NET Session State TCP 42424

Certificate Services

Certificate Services is part of the core operating system. By using Certificate Services, a business can act as its own certification authority (CA). This lets the business issue and manage digital certificates for programs and protocols such as the following:

  • Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (S/MIME)
  • Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)
  • Encrypting File System (EFS)
  • IPsec
  • Smart card logon

Certificate Services relies on RPC and DCOM to communicate with clients by using random TCP ports that are higher than port 1024.

System service name: CertSvc

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
SMB TCP 445, 139
Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ TCP random port number between 1024 - 65535
random port number between 49152 - 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM in the References section.

² This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

For more information, see 3.2.2.6.2.1.4.5.9 msPKI-Certificate-Name-Flag.

Cluster service

The Cluster service controls server cluster operations and manages the cluster database. A cluster is a collection of independent computers that act as a single computer. Managers, programmers, and users see the cluster as a single system. The software distributes data among the nodes of the cluster. If a node fails, other nodes provide the services and data that were formerly provided by the missing node. When a node is added or repaired, the cluster software migrates some data to that node.

System service name: ClusSvc

Application Protocol Ports
Cluster Service UDP and DTLS¹ 3343
Cluster Service TCP 3343 (This port is required during a node join operation.)
RPC TCP 135
Cluster Administrator UDP 137
Randomly allocated high UDP ports² UDP Random port number between 1024 and 65535
Random port number between 49152 and 65535³

Note

Additionally, for successful validation on Windows Failover Clusters on 2008 and above, allow inbound and outbound traffic for ICMP4, ICMP6, and port 445/TCP for SMB.

¹ Cluster Service UDP traffic over port 3343 requires the Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS) protocol, version 1.0 or version 1.2. By default, DTLS is enabled. For more information, see Protocols in TLS/SSL (Schannel SSP).

² For more information about how to customize these ports, see Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM in the References section.

³ This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

Computer Browser

The Computer Browser system service maintains an up-to-date list of computers on your network and supplies the list to programs that request it. The Computer Browser service is used by Windows-based computers to view network domains and resources. Computers that are designated as browsers maintain browse lists that contain all shared resources that are used on the network. Earlier versions of Windows-based programs, such as My Network Places, the net view command, and Windows Explorer, all require browsing capability. For example, when you open My Network Places on a computer that is running Microsoft Windows 95, a list of domains and computers appears. To display this list, the computer obtains a copy of the browse list from a computer that is designated as a browser.

If you are running only Windows Vista and later versions of Windows, the browser service is no longer required.

System service name: Browser

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139

The Browser service uses RPC over Named Pipes to compile.

DHCP Server

The DHCP Server service uses the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) to automatically allocate IP addresses. You can use this service to adjust the advanced network settings of DHCP clients. For example, you can configure network settings such as Domain Name System (DNS) servers and Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) servers. You can establish one or more DHCP servers to maintain TCP/IP configuration information and to provide that information to client computers.

System service name: DHCPServer

Application protocol Protocol Ports
DHCP Server UDP 67
MADCAP UDP 2535
DHCP Failover TCP 647

Distributed File System Namespaces

The Distributed File System Namespaces (DFSN) integrates different file shares that are located on a local area network (LAN) or wide area network (WAN) into a single logical namespace. The DFSN service is required for Active Directory domain controllers to advertise the SYSVOL shared folder.

System service name: Dfs

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138³
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139³
LDAP Server TCP 389
LDAP Server UDP 389
SMB TCP 445
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ TCP random port number between 1024 - 65535
random port number between 49152 - 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM in the References section.

² This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

³ The NETBIOS ports are optional and are not required when DFSN is using FQDN Server names.

Distributed File System Replication

The Distributed File System Replication (DFSR) service is a state-based, multi-master file replication engine that automatically copies updates to files and folders between computers that are participating in a common replication group. DFSR was added in Windows Server 2003 R2. You can configure DFSR by using the Dfsrdiag.exe command-line tool to replicate files on specific ports, regardless of whether they are participating in Distributed File System Namespaces (DFSN).

System service name: DFSR

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
RPC TCP 5722³
Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ TCP random port number between 1024 - 65535
random port number between 49152 - 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see Distributed File Replication Service in the References section.

² This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista. ³ Port 5722 is only used on a Windows Server 2008 domain controller or on a Windows Server 2008 R2 domain controller. It is not used on a Windows Server 2012 domain controller.

The Distributed Link Tracking Server system service stores information so that files that are moved between volumes can be tracked to each volume in the domain. The Distributed Link Tracking Server service runs on each domain controller in a domain. This service enables the Distributed Link Tracking Client service to track linked documents that are moved to a location in another NTFS file system volume in the same domain.

System service name: TrkSvr

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ TCP random port number between 1024 - 65535
random port number between 49152 - 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM in the References section.

² This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

Distributed Transaction Coordinator

The Distributed Transaction Coordinator (DTC) system service coordinates transactions that are distributed across multiple computer systems and resource managers, such as databases, message queues, file systems, or other transaction-protected resource managers. The DTC system service is required if transactional components are configured through COM+. It is also required for transactional queues in Message Queuing (also known as MSMQ) and SQL Server operations that span multiple systems.

System service name: MSDTC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ TCP random port number between 1024 - 65535
random port number between 49152 - 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see Distributed Transaction Coordinator in the References section.

² This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

DNS Server

The DNS Server service enables DNS name resolution by answering queries and update requests for DNS names. DNS servers are required to locate devices and services that are identified by using DNS names and to locate domain controllers in Active Directory.

System service name: DNS

Application protocol Protocol Ports
DNS UDP 53
DNS TCP 53

Event Log

The Event Log system service logs event messages that are generated by programs and by the Windows operating system. Event log reports contain information that you can use to diagnose problems. You view reports in Event Viewer. The Event Log service writes events that are sent to log files by programs, by services, and by the operating system. The events contain diagnostic information in addition to errors that are specific to the source program, the service, or the component. The logs can be viewed programmatically through the event log APIs or through the Event Viewer in an MMC snap-in.

System service name: Eventlog

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC/named pipes (NP) TCP 139
RPC/NP TCP 445
RPC/NP UDP 137
RPC/NP UDP 138

Note

The Event Log service uses RPC over named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as the File and Printer Sharing feature.

Fax Service

Fax Service, a Telephony API (TAPI) compliant system service, provides fax capabilities. Fax Service lets users use either a local fax device or a shared network fax device to send and receive faxes from their desktop programs.

System service name: Fax

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
SMB TCP 445
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ TCP random port number between 1024 - 65535
random port number between 49152 - 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM in the References section.

² This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

File Replication

The File Replication service (FRS) is a file-based replication engine that automatically copies updates to files and folders between computers that are participating in a common FRS replica set. FRS is the default replication engine that is used to replicate the contents of the SYSVOL folder between Windows 2000-based domain controllers and Windows Server 2003-based domain controllers that are located in a common domain. You can use the DFS Administration tool to configure FRS to replicate files and folders between targets of a DFS root or link.

System service name: NtFrs

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ TCP random port number between 1024 - 65535
random port number between 49152 - 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see File Replication Service in the References section.

² This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

FTP Publishing Service

FTP Publishing Service provides FTP connectivity. By default, the FTP control port is 21. However, you can configure this system service through the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager snap-in. The default data (that is used for active mode FTP) port is automatically set to one port less than the control port. Therefore, if you configure the control port to port 4131, the default data port is port 4130. Most FTP clients use passive mode FTP. This means that the client first connects to the FTP server by using the control port. Next, the FTP server assigns a high TCP port between ports 1025 and 5000. Then, the client opens a second connection to the FTP server for transferring data. You can configure the range of high ports by using the IIS metabase.

System service name: MSFTPSVC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
FTP control TCP 21
FTP default data TCP 20
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP random port number between 1024 - 65535
random port number between 49152 - 65535¹

¹ This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

Group Policy

To successfully apply Group Policy, a client computer must be able to contact a domain controller over the Kerberos, LDAP, SMB, and RPC protocols. Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 additionally require the ICMP protocol.

If any one of these protocols is unavailable or blocked between the client and a relevant domain controller, Group Policy will not apply or update. For a cross-domain logon, where a computer is in one domain and the user account is in another domain, these protocols may be required for the client, the resource domain, and the account domain to communicate. ICMP is used for slow link detection. For more information about slow link detection, see Group Policy Slow Link Detection.

System service name: Group Policy

Application protocol Protocol Ports
DCOM¹ TCP + UDP random port number between 1024 - 65535
random port number between 49152 - 65535²
ICMP (ping)³ ICMP
LDAP TCP 389
SMB TCP 445
RPC¹ TCP 135
random port number between 1024 - 65535
random port number between 49152 - 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see Domain controllers and Active Directory in the References section.

² This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

³ This protocol is required only by Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 acting as clients.

Note

When the Group Policy Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in creates Group Policy Results reports and Group Policy Modeling reports, it uses DCOM and RPC to send and to receive information from the Resultant Set of Policy (RSoP) provider on the client or on the domain controller. The various binary files that make up the Group Policy Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in features primarily use COM calls to send or to receive information. When you initiate remote group policy results reporting from a Windows Server 2012 computer, access to the destination computer's event log is required. (See the Event Log section in this article for port requirements.)

Windows Server 2012 support the initiation of remote group policy update against Windows Server 2012 computers. This requires RPC/WMI access through port 135 and ports 49152-65535 inbound to the computer on which the policy is being refreshed.

HTTP SSL

The HTTP SSL system service enables IIS to perform SSL functions. SSL is an open standard for establishing an encrypted communications channel to help prevent the interception of extremely important information, such as credit card numbers. Although this service works on other Internet services, it is primarily used to enable encrypted electronic financial transactions on the World Wide Web (WWW). You can configure the ports for this service through the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager snap-in.

System service name: HTTPFilter

Application protocol Protocol Ports
HTTPS TCP 443

Hyper-V service

Hyper-V replica

Application protocol Protocol Port
WMI TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports TCP Random port number between 49152 and 65535
Kerberos authentication (HTTP) TCP 80
Certificate-based authentication (HTTPS) TCP 443

Hyper-V live migration

Application protocol Protocol Port
Live migration TCP 6600
SMB TCP 445
Cluster Service traffic UDP 3343

Internet Authentication Service

Internet Authentication Service (IAS) performs centralized authentication, authorization, auditing, and accounting of users who are connecting to a network. These users can be on a LAN connection or on a remote connection. IAS implements the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) protocol.

System service name: IAS

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Legacy RADIUS UDP 1645
Legacy RADIUS UDP 1646
RADIUS Accounting UDP 1813
RADIUS Authentication UDP 1812

Internet Connection Firewall (ICF)/Internet Connection Sharing

This system service provides NAT, addressing, and name resolution services for all computers on your home network or your small-office network. When the Internet Connection Sharing feature is enabled, your computer becomes an Internet gateway on the network. Other client computers can then share one connection to the Internet, such as a dial-up connection or a broadband connection. This service provides basic DHCP and DNS services but will work with the full-featured Windows DHCP or DNS services. When ICF and Internet Connection Sharing act as a gateway for the rest of the computers on your network, they provide DHCP and DNS services to the private network on the internal network interface. They do not provide these services on the external network interface.

System service name: SharedAccess

Application protocol Protocol Ports
DHCP Server UDP 67
DNS UDP 53
DNS TCP 53

IPAM

The IP Address Management (IPAM) client UI communicates with the IPAM server to perform remote management. This is done by using the Windows Communications Framework (WCF), which uses TCP as the transport protocol. By default, the TCP binding is performed on port 48885 on the IPAM server.

BranchCache information

  • Port 3702 (UDP) is used to discover the availability of cached content on a client.
  • Port 80 (TCP) is used to serve content to requesting clients.
  • Port 443 (TCP) is the default port that is used by the hosted cache to accept incoming client offers for content.

ISA/TMG Server

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Configuration Storage (domain) TCP 2171 (note 1)
Configuration Storage (replication) TCP 2173 (note 1)
Configuration Storage (workgroup) TCP 2172 (note 1)
Firewall Client Application TCP/UDP 1025-65535 (note 2)
Firewall Client Control Channel TCP/UDP 1745 (note 3)
Firewall Control Channel TCP 3847 (note 1)
RPC TCP 135 (note 6)
Randomly allocated high TCP ports (note 6) TCP random port number between 1024 - 65535
random port number between 10000 - 65535 (note 7)
Web Management TCP 2175 (note 1, 4)
Web Proxy Client TCP 8080 (note 5)

Note

  1. This port is not used with ISA 2000.
  2. FWC application transport and protocols are negotiated within the FWC control channel.
  3. ISA 2000 FWC control uses UDP. ISA 2004 and 2006 use TCP.
  4. OEM uses Firewall Web Management to provide non-MMC management of ISA Server.
  5. This port is also used for intra-array traffic.
  6. This port is used only by the ISA management MMC during remote server and service status monitoring.
  7. This is the range in TMG. Please note that TMG extends the default dynamic port ranges in Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

Kerberos Key Distribution Center

When you use the Kerberos Key Distribution Center (KDC) system service, users can sign in to the network by using the Kerberos version 5 authentication protocol. As in other implementations of the Kerberos protocol, the KDC is a single process that provides two services: the Authentication Service and the Ticket-Granting Service. The Authentication Service issues ticket granting tickets, and the Ticket-Granting Service issues tickets for connection to computers in its own domain.

System service name: kdc

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Kerberos TCP 88
Kerberos UDP 88
Kerberos Password V5 UDP 464
Kerberos Password V5 TCP 464
DC Locator UDP 389

License Logging

The License Logging system service is a tool that was originally designed to help customers manage licenses for Microsoft server products that are licensed in the server client access license (CAL) model. License Logging was introduced with Microsoft Windows NT Server 3.51. By default, the License Logging service is disabled in Windows Server 2003. Because of legacy design constraints and evolving license terms and conditions, License Logging may not provide an accurate view of the total number of CALs that are purchased compared to the total number of CALs that are used on a particular server or across the enterprise. The CALs that are reported by License Logging may conflict with the interpretation of the Microsoft Software License Terms and with Product Use Rights (PUR). License Logging is not included in Windows Server 2008 and later operating systems. We recommend that only users of the Microsoft Small Business Server family of operating systems enable this service on their servers.

System service name: LicenseService

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
SMB TCP 445

Note

The License Logging service uses RPC over named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as the File and Printer Sharing feature.

Message Queuing

The Message Queuing system service is a messaging infrastructure and development tool for creating distributed messaging programs for Windows. These programs can communicate across heterogeneous networks and can send messages between computers that may be temporarily unable to connect to one another. Message Queuing helps provide security, efficient routing, support for sending messages within transactions, priority-based messaging, and guaranteed message delivery.

System service name: MSMQ

Application protocol Protocol Ports
MSMQ TCP 1801
MSMQ UDP 1801
MSMQ-DCs TCP 2101
MSMQ-Mgmt TCP 2107
MSMQ-Ping UDP 3527
MSMQ-RPC TCP 2105
MSMQ-RPC TCP 2103
RPC TCP 135

Microsoft Exchange MTA stacks

In Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server and Exchange Server 2003, the Message Transfer Agent (MTA) is frequently used to provide backward-compatible message transfer services between Exchange 2000 Server-based servers and Exchange Server 5.5-based servers in a mixed-mode environment.

System service name: MSExchangeMTA

Application protocol Protocol Ports
X.400 TCP 102

Microsoft POP3 service

The Microsoft POP3 service provides email transfer and retrieval services. Administrators can use this service to store and manage email accounts on the mail server. When you install POP3 service on the mail server, users can connect to the mail server and can retrieve email messages by using an email client that supports the POP3 protocol, such as Microsoft Outlook.

System service name: POP3SVC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
POP3 TCP 110

Net Logon

The Net Logon system service maintains a security channel between your computer and the domain controller to authenticate users and services. It passes the user's credentials to a domain controller and returns the domain security identifiers and the user rights for the user. This is typically known as pass-through authentication. Net Logon is configured to start automatically only when a member computer or domain controller is joined to a domain. In the Windows 2000 Server and Windows Server 2003 families, Net Logon publishes service resource locator records in the DNS. When this service runs, it relies on the WORKSTATION service and on the Local Security Authority service to listen for incoming requests. On domain member computers, Net Logon uses RPC over named pipes. On domain controllers, it uses RPC over named pipes, RPC over TCP/IP, mail slots, and Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP).

System service name: Netlogon

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138³
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137³
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139³
SMB TCP 445
LDAP UDP 389
RPC¹ TCP 135, random port number between 1024 - 65535
135, random port number between 49152 - 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see Domain controllers and Active Directory in the References section.

² This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

³ The NETBIOS ports are optional. Netlogon uses these only for trusts that don't support DNS or when DNS fails during an attempted fallback. If there is no WINS infrastructure and broadcasts can't work, you should either disable NetBt or set the computers and servers to NodeType=2.

Note

The Net Logon service uses RPC over named pipes for earlier versions of Windows clients. This service has the same firewall requirements as the File and Printer Sharing feature.

NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing

The NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing system service allows authorized users to use Windows NetMeeting to remotely access your Windows desktop from another personal computer over a corporate intranet. You must explicitly enable this service in NetMeeting. You can disable or shut down this feature by using an icon that is displayed in the Windows notification area.

System service name: mnmsrvc

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Terminal Services TCP 3389

Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP)

The Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) system service lets computers that are running Windows Server 2003 act as news servers. Clients can use a news client, such as Microsoft Outlook Express, to retrieve newsgroups from the server and to read the headers or the bodies of the articles in each newsgroup.

System service name: NNTPSVC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NNTP TCP 119
NNTP over SSL TCP 563

Offline Files, User Profile Service, Folder Redirection, and Primary Computer

Offline Files and Roaming User Profiles cache user data to computers for offline use. These capabilities exist in all supported Microsoft operating systems. Windows XP implemented roaming user profile caching as part of the Winlogon process while Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, and later operating systems use the User Profile Service. All of these systems use SMB.

Folder Redirection redirects user data from the local computer to a remote file share, using SMB.

The Primary Computer system for Windows is part of the Roaming User Profile and Offline Files services. Primary Computer provides a capability to prevent data caching to computers that are not authorized by administrators for specific users. Primary Computer uses LDAP to determine the configuration and does not perform any data transfer using SMB; it instead alters the default Offline Files and Roaming User Profile behaviors. This system was added in Windows Server 2012.

System service names: ProfSvc, CscService

Application protocol Protocol Ports
SMB TCP 445
Global Catalog TCP 3269
Global Catalog TCP 3268
LDAP Server TCP 389
LDAP Server UDP 389
LDAP SSL TCP 636

Performance Logs and Alerts

The Performance Logs and Alerts system service collects performance data from local or remote computers based on preconfigured schedule parameters and then writes that data to a log or triggers a message. Based on the information that is contained in the named log collection setting, the Performance Logs and Alerts service starts and stops each named performance data collection. This service runs only if at least one performance data collection is scheduled.

System service name: SysmonLog

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139

The Print Spooler system service manages all local and network print queues and controls all print jobs. Print Spooler is the center of the Windows printing subsystem. It manages the print queues on the system and communicates with printer drivers and input/output (I/O) components, such as the USB port and the TCP/IP protocol suite.

System service name: Spooler

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
SMB TCP 445

Note

The Print Spooler service uses RPC over named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as the File and Printer Sharing feature.

Remote Installation

You can use the Remote Installation system service to install Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows Server 2003 on Pre-Boot Execution Environment (PXE) remote boot-enabled client computers. The Boot Information Negotiation Layer (BINL) service, the primary component of Remote Installation Server (RIS), answers PXE client requests, checks Active Directory for client validation, and passes client information to and from the server. The BINL service is installed when you add the RIS component from Add/Remove Windows Components, or you can select it when you first install the operating system.

System service name: BINLSVC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
BINL UDP 4011

Remote Procedure Call (RPC)

The Remote Procedure Call (RPC) system service is an interprocess communication (IPC) mechanism that enables data exchange and invocation of functionality that is located in a different process. The different process can be on the same computer, on the LAN, or in a remote location, and it can be accessed over a WAN connection or over a VPN connection. The RPC service serves as the RPC Endpoint Mapper and Component Object Model (COM) Service Control Manager. Many services depend on the RPC service to start successfully.

System service name: RpcSs

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
RPC over HTTPS TCP 593
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
SMB TCP 445

Note

  • RPC does not use only the hard-coded ports that are listed in the table. Ephemeral range ports that are used by Active Directory and other components occur over RPC in the ephemeral port range. The ephemeral port range depends on the server operating system that the client operating system is connected to.
  • The RPC Endpoint Mapper also offers its services by using named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as the File and Printer Sharing feature.

Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator

The Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator system service manages the RPC name service database. When this service is turned on, RPC clients can locate RPC servers. By default, this service is turned off.

System service name: RpcLocator

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
SMB TCP 445

Note

The RPC Locator service offers its services by using RPC over named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as the File and Printer Sharing feature.

Remote Storage Notification

The Remote Storage Notification system service notifies users when they read from or write to files that are available only from a secondary storage media. Stopping this service prevents this notification.

System service name: Remote_Storage_User_Link

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ TCP random port number between 1024 - 65535
random port number between 49152 - 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM in the References section.

² This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

Remote Storage

The Remote Storage system service stores infrequently used files on a secondary storage medium. If you stop this service, users cannot move or retrieve files from the secondary storage media.

System service name: Remote_Storage_Server

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ TCP random port number between 1024 - 65535
random port number between 49152 - 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM in the References section.

² This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

Routing and Remote Access

The Routing and Remote Access service provides multiprotocol LAN-to-LAN, LAN-to-WAN, VPN, and NAT routing services. The Routing and Remote Access service also provides dial-up and VPN remote access services. Although the Routing and Remote Access service can use all the following protocols, the service typically uses only a few of them. For example, if you configure a VPN gateway that is behind a filtering router, you will probably use only one protocol. If you use L2TP with IPsec, you must allow IPsec ESP (IP protocol 50), NAT-T (UDP on port 4500), and IPsec ISAKMP (UDP on port 500) through the router.

Note

Although NAT-T and IPsec ISAKMP are required for L2TP, these ports are monitored by the Local Security Authority. For more information about this, see the References section.

System service name: RemoteAccess

Application protocol Protocol Ports
GRE (IP protocol 47) GRE n/a
IPsec AH (IP protocol 51) AH n/a
IPsec ESP (IP protocol 50) ESP n/a
L2TP UDP 1701
PPTP TCP 1723

Server

The Server system service provides RPC support and file sharing, print sharing, and named pipe sharing over the network. The Server service lets users share local resources, such as disks and printers, so that other users on the network can access them. It also enables named pipe communication between programs that are running on the local computer and on other computers. Named pipe communication is memory that is reserved for the output of one process to be used as input for another process. The input-accepting process does not have to be local to the computer.

Note

If a computer name resolves to multiple IP addresses by using WINS, or if WINS failed and the name is resolved by using DNS, NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT) tries to ping the IP address or addresses of the file server. Port 139 communications depend on Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo messages. If IP version 6 (IPv6) is not installed, port 445 communications will also depend on ICMP for name resolution. Preloaded Lmhosts entries will bypass the DNS resolver. If IPv6 is installed on computers that are running Windows Server 2003 or Windows XP operating systems, port 445 communications do not trigger ICMP requests.

The NetBIOS ports that are listed here are optional. Windows 2000 and newer clients can work over port 445.

System service name: lanmanserver

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
SMB TCP 445

SharePoint Portal Server

The SharePoint Portal Server system service lets you develop an intelligent portal that seamlessly connects users, teams, and knowledge. This helps people take advantage of relevant information across business processes. Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server 2003 provides an enterprise business solution that integrates information from various systems into one solution through single sign-on and enterprise application integration capabilities.

Application protocol Protocol Ports
HTTP TCP 80
HTTPS TCP 443

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)

The Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) system service is an email submission and relay agent. It accepts and queues email messages for remote destinations, and it retries at set intervals. Windows domain controllers use the SMTP service for intersite e-mail-based replication. The Collaboration Data Objects (CDO) for the Windows Server 2003 COM component can use the SMTP service to submit and to queue outgoing email messages.

System service name: SMTPSVC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
SMTP TCP 25

Simple TCP/IP Services

Simple TCP/IP Services implements support for the following protocols:

  • Echo, port 7, RFC 862
  • Discard, port 9, RFC 863
  • Character Generator, port 19, RFC 864
  • Daytime, port 13, RFC 867
  • Quote of the Day, port 17, RFC 865

System service name: SimpTcp

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Chargen TCP 19
Chargen UDP 19
Daytime TCP 13
Daytime UDP 13
Discard TCP 9
Discard UDP 9
Echo TCP 7
Echo UDP 7
Quotd TCP 17
Quoted UDP 17

SNMP Service

SNMP Service lets the local computer service incoming Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) requests. SNMP Service includes agents that monitor activity in network devices and report to the network console workstation. SNMP Service provides a method of managing network hosts (such as workstation or server computers, routers, bridges, and hubs) from a centrally-located computer that is running network management software. SNMP performs management services by using a distributed architecture of management systems and agents.

System service name: SNMP

Application protocol Protocol Ports
SNMP UDP 161

SNMP Trap Service

SNMP Trap Service receives trap messages that are generated by local or by remote SNMP agents. Then the SNMP Trap Service forwards those messages to SNMP management programs that are running on your computer. When SNMP Trap Service is configured for an agent, the service generates trap messages if any specific events occur. These messages are sent to a trap destination. For example, an agent can be configured to start an authentication trap if an unrecognized management system sends a request for information. Trap destinations include the computer name, the IP address, or the Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX) address of the management system. The trap destination must be a network-enabled host that is running SNMP management software.

System service name: SNMPTRAP

Application protocol Protocol Ports
SNMP Traps Outgoing UDP 162

SSDP Discovery Service

SSDP Discovery Service implements Simple Service Discovery Protocol (SSDP) as a Windows service. SSDP Discovery Service manages receipt of device presence announcements, updates its cache, and sends these notifications to clients that have outstanding search requests. SSDP Discovery Service also accepts the registration of event callbacks from clients. The registered event callbacks are then turned into subscription requests. SSDP Discovery Service then monitors for event notifications and sends these requests to the registered callbacks. This system service also provides periodic announcements to hosted devices. Currently, the SSDP event notification service uses TCP port 5000.

Note

Starting with Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2), the SSDP event notification service uses TCP port 2869.

System service name: SSDPRSR

Application protocol Protocol Ports
SSDP UDP 1900
SSDP event notification TCP 2869
SSDP legacy event notification TCP 5000

TCP/IP Print Server

The TCP/IP Print Server system service enables TCP/IP-based printing by using the Line Printer Daemon (LPD) protocol. The LPD service on the server receives documents from Line Printer Remote (LPR) utilities that are running on UNIX computers.

System service name: LPDSVC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
LPD TCP 515

Telnet

The Telnet system service for Windows provides ASCII terminal sessions to Telnet clients. A Telnet server supports two kinds of authentication and supports the following kinds of terminals:

  • American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
  • VT-100
  • VT-52
  • VTNT

System service name: TlntSvr

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Telnet TCP 23

Terminal Services

Terminal Services provides a multi-session environment that enables client devices to access a virtual Windows desktop session and Windows-based programs that are running on the server. Terminal Services enables multiple users to be connected interactively to a computer.

System service name: TermService

Application protocol Protocol Ports
Terminal Services TCP 3389

Terminal Services Licensing

The Terminal Services Licensing system service installs a license server and provides licenses to registered clients when the clients connect to a terminal server (a server that has Terminal Server enabled). Terminal Services Licensing is a low-impact service that stores the client licenses that are issued for a terminal server and tracks the licenses that are issued to client computers or terminals.

System service name: TermServLicensing

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ TCP random port number between 1024 - 65535
random port number between 49152 - 65535²
NetBIOS Datagram Service UDP 138
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
NetBIOS Session Service TCP 139
SMB TCP 445

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM in the References section.

² This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

Note

Terminal Services Licensing offers its services by using RPC over named pipes. This service has the same firewall requirements as the File and Printer Sharing feature.

Terminal Services Session Directory

The Terminal Services Session Directory system service enables clusters of load-balanced terminal servers to correctly route a user's connection request to the server where the user already has a session running. Users are routed to the first-available terminal server regardless of whether they are running another session in the server cluster. The load-balancing functionality pools the processing resources of several servers by using the TCP/IP networking protocol. You can use this service together with a cluster of terminal servers to increase the performance of a single terminal server by distributing sessions across multiple servers. Terminal Services Session Directory keeps track of disconnected sessions on the cluster and makes sure that users are reconnected to those sessions.

System service name: Tssdis

Application protocol Protocol Ports
RPC TCP 135
Randomly allocated high TCP ports¹ TCP random port number between 1024 - 65535
random port number between 49152 - 65535²

¹ For more information about how to customize this port, see Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM in the References section.

² This is the range in Windows Server 2012, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista.

Trivial FTP Daemon

The Trivial FTP Daemon system service does not require a user name or a password and is an important part of the Remote Installation Services (RIS). The Trivial FTP Daemon service implements support for the Trivial FTP Protocol (TFTP) that is defined by the following RFCs:

  • RFC 1350 - TFTP
  • RFC 2347 - Option extension
  • RFC 2348 - Block size option
  • RFC 2349 - Time-out interval, and transfer size options

Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) is an FTP that supports diskless startup environments. The TFTP service listens on UDP port 69, but it responds from a randomly allocated high port. Therefore, when you enable this port, the TFTP service receives incoming TFTP requests, but it does not let the selected server respond to those requests. The service is free to respond to any such request from any source port, and the remote client then uses that port during the transfer. Communication is bidirectional. If you have to enable this protocol through a firewall, you may want to open UDP port 69 incoming. You can then rely on other firewall features that dynamically let the service respond through temporary holes on any other port.

System service name: tftpd

Application protocol Protocol Ports
TFTP UDP 69

UPnP Device Host

The UPnP Device Host discovery system service implements all the components that are required for device registration, control, and the response to events for hosted devices. The information that is registered that relates to a device, such as the description, the lifetimes, and the containers, are optionally stored to disk and are announced on the network after registration or when the operating system restarts. The service also includes the web server that serves the device in addition to service descriptions and a presentation page.

System service name: UPNPHost

Application protocol Protocol Ports
UPNP TCP 2869

Windows Internet Name Service (WINS)

Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) enables NetBIOS name resolution. This service helps you locate network resources by using NetBIOS names. WINS servers are required unless all domains have been upgraded to the Active Directory directory service and unless all computers on the network are running Windows 2000 or later versions. WINS servers communicate with network clients by using NetBIOS name resolution. WINS replication is only required between WINS servers.

System service name: WINS

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NetBIOS Name Resolution UDP 137
WINS Replication TCP 42
WINS Replication UDP 42

Windows Media Services

Windows Media Services in Windows Server 2003 and later versions replaces the following services that are included in Windows Media Services versions 4.0 and 4.1:

  • Windows Media Monitor Service
  • Windows Media Program Service
  • Windows Media Station Service
  • Windows Media Unicast Service

Windows Media Services is now a single service that runs on Windows Server. Its core components were developed by using COM, and it has a flexible architecture that you can customize for specific programs. Windows Media Services supports a larger variety of control protocols. These include Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP), Microsoft Media Server (MMS) protocol, and HTTP.

System service name: WMServer

Application protocol Protocol Ports
HTTP TCP 80
MMS TCP 1755
MMS UDP 1755
MS Theater UDP 2460
RTCP UDP 5005
RTP UDP 5004
RTSP TCP 554

Windows Remote Management (WinRM)

System service name: WinRM

Application protocol Protocol Ports
WinRM 1.1 and earlier TP The default HTTP port is TCP 80, and the default HTTPS port is TCP 443.
WinRM 2.0 TP The default HTTP port is TCP 5985, and the default HTTPS port is TCP 5986.

For more information, see Installation and Configuration for Windows Remote Management.

Windows Time

The Windows Time system service maintains date and time synchronization on all the computers on a network that are running Windows XP or later versions and Windows Server 2003 or later versions. This service uses Network Time Protocol (NTP) to synchronize computer clocks so that an accurate clock value, or time stamp, is assigned for network validation and for resource access requests. The implementation of NTP and the integration of time providers help make Windows Time a reliable and scalable time service for your business. For computers that are not joined to a domain, you can configure Windows Time to synchronize time with an external time source. If this service is turned off, the time setting for local computers is not synchronized with a time service in the Windows domain or with an externally configured time service. Windows Server 2003 uses NTP. NTP runs on UDP port 123. The Windows 2000 version of this service uses Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP). SNTP also runs on UDP port 123.

When the Windows Time service uses a Windows domain configuration, the service requires domain controller location and authentication services. Therefore, the ports for Kerberos and DNS are required.

System service name: W32Time

Application protocol Protocol Ports
NTP UDP 123
SNTP UDP 123

World Wide Web Publishing Service

World Wide Web Publishing Service provides the infrastructure that you must have to register, manage, monitor, and serve websites and programs that are registered with IIS. This system service contains a process manager and a configuration manager. The process manager controls the processes where custom applications and websites reside. The configuration manager reads the stored system configuration for World Wide Web Publishing Service and makes sure that Http.sys is configured to route HTTP requests to the appropriate application pools or operating system processes. You can use the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager snap-in to configure the ports that are used by this service. If the administrative website is enabled, a virtual website is created that uses HTTP traffic on TCP port 8098.

System service name: W3SVC

Application protocol Protocol Ports
HTTP TCP 80
HTTPS TCP 443

Ports and protocols

The following table summarizes the information from the System services ports section. This table is sorted by port number instead of by service name.

Port Protocol Application protocol System service name
n/a GRE GRE (IP protocol 47) Routing and Remote Access
n/a ESP IPsec ESP (IP protocol 50) Routing and Remote Access
n/a AH IPsec AH (IP protocol 51) Routing and Remote Access
7 TCP Echo Simple TCP/IP Services
7 UDP Echo Simple TCP/IP Services
9 TCP Discard Simple TCP/IP Services
9 UDP Discard Simple TCP/IP Services
13 TCP Daytime Simple TCP/IP Services
13 UDP Daytime Simple TCP/IP Services
17 TCP Quotd Simple TCP/IP Services
17 UDP Quotd Simple TCP/IP Services
19 TCP Chargen Simple TCP/IP Services
19 UDP Chargen Simple TCP/IP Services
20 TCP FTP default data FTP Publishing Service
21 TCP FTP control FTP Publishing Service
21 TCP FTP control Application Layer Gateway Service
23 TCP Telnet Telnet
25 TCP SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
25 TCP SMTP Exchange Server
42 TCP WINS Replication Windows Internet Name Service
42 UDP WINS Replication Windows Internet Name Service
53 TCP DNS DNS Server
53 UDP DNS DNS Server
53 TCP DNS Internet Connection Firewall/Internet Connection Sharing
53 UDP DNS Internet Connection Firewall/Internet Connection Sharing
67 UDP DHCP Server DHCP Server
67 UDP DHCP Server Internet Connection Firewall/Internet Connection Sharing
69 UDP TFTP Trivial FTP Daemon Service
80 TCP HTTP Windows Media Services
80 TCP HTTP WinRM 1.1 and earlier
80 TCP HTTP World Wide Web Publishing Service
80 TCP HTTP SharePoint Portal Server
88 TCP Kerberos Kerberos Key Distribution Center
88 UDP Kerberos Kerberos Key Distribution Center
102 TCP X.400 Microsoft Exchange MTA Stacks
110 TCP POP3 Microsoft POP3 Service
110 TCP POP3 Exchange Server
119 TCP NNTP Network News Transfer Protocol
123 UDP NTP Windows Time
123 UDP SNTP Windows Time
135 TCP RPC Message Queuing
135 TCP RPC Remote Procedure Call
135 TCP RPC Exchange Server
135 TCP RPC Certificate Services
135 TCP RPC Cluster Service
135 TCP RPC Distributed File System Namespaces
135 TCP RPC Distributed Link Tracking
135 TCP RPC Distributed Transaction Coordinator
135 TCP RPC Distributed File Replication Service
135 TCP RPC Fax Service
135 TCP RPC Microsoft Exchange Server
135 TCP RPC File Replication Service
135 TCP RPC Group Policy
135 TCP RPC Local Security Authority
135 TCP RPC Remote Storage Notification
135 TCP RPC Remote Storage
135 TCP RPC Systems Management Server 2.0
135 TCP RPC Terminal Services Licensing
135 TCP RPC Terminal Services Session Directory
137 UDP NetBIOS Name Resolution Computer Browser
137 UDP NetBIOS Name Resolution Server
137 UDP NetBIOS Name Resolution Windows Internet Name Service
137 UDP NetBIOS Name Resolution Net Logon
137 UDP NetBIOS Name Resolution Systems Management Server 2.0
138 UDP NetBIOS Datagram Service Computer Browser
138 UDP NetBIOS Datagram Service Server
138 UDP NetBIOS Datagram Service Net Logon
138 UDP NetBIOS Datagram Service Distributed File System
138 UDP NetBIOS Datagram Service Systems Management Server 2.0
138 UDP NetBIOS Datagram Service License Logging Service
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Computer Browser
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Fax Service
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Performance Logs and Alerts
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Print Spooler
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Server
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Net Logon
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Remote Procedure Call Locator
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Distributed File System Namespaces
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service Systems Management Server 2.0
139 TCP NetBIOS Session Service License Logging Service
143 TCP IMAP Exchange Server
161 UDP SNMP SNMP Service
162 UDP SNMP Traps Outgoing SNMP Trap Service
389 TCP LDAP Server Local Security Authority
389 UDP DC Locator Local Security Authority
389 TCP LDAP Server Distributed File System Namespaces
389 UDP DC Locator Distributed File System Namespaces
389 UDP DC Locator Netlogon
389 UDP DC Locator Kerberos Key Distribution Center
389 TCP LDAP Server Distributed File System Replication
389 UDP DC Locator Distributed File System Replication
443 TCP HTTPS HTTP SSL
443 TCP HTTPS World Wide Web Publishing Service
443 TCP HTTPS SharePoint Portal Server
443 TCP RPC over HTTPS Exchange Server 2003
443 TCP HTTPS WinRM 1.1 and earlier
445 TCP SMB Fax Service
445 TCP SMB Print Spooler
445 TCP SMB Server
445 TCP SMB Remote Procedure Call Locator
445 TCP SMB Distributed File System Namespaces
445 TCP SMB Distributed File System Replication
445 TCP SMB License Logging Service
445 TCP SMB Net Logon
464 UDP Kerberos Password V5 Kerberos Key Distribution Center
464 TCP Kerberos Password V5 Kerberos Key Distribution Center
500 UDP IPsec ISAKMP Local Security Authority
515 TCP LPD TCP/IP Print Server
554 TCP RTSP Windows Media Services
563 TCP NNTP over SSL Network News Transfer Protocol
593 TCP RPC over HTTPS endpoint mapper Remote Procedure Call
593 TCP RPC over HTTPS Exchange Server
636 TCP LDAP SSL Local Security Authority
636 UDP LDAP SSL Local Security Authority
647 TCP DHCP Failover DHCP Failover
9389 TCP Active Directory Web Services (ADWS) Active Directory Web Services (ADWS)
9389 TCP Active Directory Web Services (ADWS) Active Directory Management Gateway Service
993 TCP IMAP over SSL Exchange Server
995 TCP POP3 over SSL Exchange Server
1067 TCP Installation Bootstrap Service Installation Bootstrap protocol server
1068 TCP Installation Bootstrap Service Installation Bootstrap protocol client
1270 TCP MOM-Encrypted Microsoft Operations Manager 2000
1433 TCP SQL over TCP Microsoft SQL Server
1433 TCP SQL over TCP MSSQL$UDDI
1434 UDP SQL Probe Microsoft SQL Server
1434 UDP SQL Probe MSSQL$UDDI
1645 UDP Legacy RADIUS Internet Authentication Service
1646 UDP Legacy RADIUS Internet Authentication Service
1701 UDP L2TP Routing and Remote Access
1723 TCP PPTP Routing and Remote Access
1755 TCP MMS Windows Media Services
1755 UDP MMS Windows Media Services
1801 TCP MSMQ Message Queuing
1801 UDP MSMQ Message Queuing
1812 UDP RADIUS Authentication Internet Authentication Service
1813 UDP RADIUS Accounting Internet Authentication Service
1900 UDP SSDP SSDP Discovery Service
2101 TCP MSMQ-DCs Message Queuing
2103 TCP MSMQ-RPC Message Queuing
2105 TCP MSMQ-RPC Message Queuing
2107 TCP MSMQ-Mgmt Message Queuing
2393 TCP OLAP Services 7.0 SQL Server: Downlevel OLAP Client Support
2394 TCP OLAP Services 7.0 SQL Server: Downlevel OLAP Client Support
2460 UDP MS Theater Windows Media Services
2535 UDP MADCAP DHCP Server
2701 TCP SMS Remote Control (control) SMS Remote Control Agent
2701 UDP SMS Remote Control (control) SMS Remote Control Agent
2702 TCP SMS Remote Control (data) SMS Remote Control Agent
2702 UDP SMS Remote Control (data) SMS Remote Control Agent
2703 TCP SMS Remote Chat SMS Remote Control Agent
2703 UPD SMS Remote Chat SMS Remote Control Agent
2704 TCP SMS Remote File Transfer SMS Remote Control Agent
2704 UDP SMS Remote File Transfer SMS Remote Control Agent
2725 TCP SQL Analysis Services SQL Server Analysis Services
2869 TCP UPNP UPnP Device Host
2869 TCP SSDP event notification SSDP Discovery Service
3268 TCP Global Catalog Local Security Authority
3269 TCP Global Catalog Local Security Authority
3343 UDP Cluster Services Cluster Service
3389 TCP Terminal Services NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing
3389 TCP Terminal Services Terminal Services
3527 UDP MSMQ-Ping Message Queuing
4011 UDP BINL Remote Installation
4500 UDP NAT-T Local Security Authority
5000 TCP SSDP legacy event notification SSDP Discovery Service
5004 UDP RTP Windows Media Services
5005 UDP RTCP Windows Media Services
5722 TCP RPC Distributed File System Replication
6001 TCP Information Store Exchange Server 2003
6002 TCP Directory Referral Exchange Server 2003
6004 TCP DSProxy/NSPI Exchange Server 2003
42424 TCP ASP.NET Session State ASP.NET State Service
51515 TCP MOM-Clear Microsoft Operations Manager 2000
5985 TCP HTTP WinRM 2.0
5986 TCP HTTPS WinRM 2.0
1024-65535 TCP RPC Randomly allocated high TCP ports
135 TCP WMI Hyper-V service
random port number between 49152 - 65535 TCP Randomly allocated high TCP ports Hyper-V service
80 TCP Kerberos Authentication (HTTP) Hyper-V service
443 TCP Certificate-based Authentication (HTTPS) Hyper-V service
6600 TCP Live Migration Hyper-V Live Migration
445 TCP SMB Hyper-V Live Migration
3343 UDP Cluster Service Traffic Hyper-V Live Migration

Note

Port 5722 is only used on a Windows Server 2008 domain controller or a Windows Server 2008 R2 domain controller; it is not used on a Windows Server 2012 domain controller. Port 445 is used by DFSR only when creating a new empty replicated folder.

Microsoft provides part of the information that is in this table in a Microsoft Excel worksheet. This worksheet is available for download from the Microsoft Download Center.

Active Directory port and protocol requirements

Application servers, client computers, and domain controllers that are located in common or external forests have service dependencies so that user-initiated and computer-initiated operations such as domain join, logon authentication, remote administration, and Active Directory replication work correctly. Such services and operations require network connectivity over specific port and networking protocols.

A summarized list of services, ports, and protocols required for member computers and domain controllers to inter-operate with one another or for application servers to access Active Directory include but are not limited to the following.

The list of services on which Active Directory depends:

  • Active Directory / LSA
  • Computer Browser
  • Distributed File System Namespaces
  • Distributed File System Replication (if not using FRS for SYSVOL replication)
  • File Replication Service (if not using DFSR for SYSVOL replication)
  • Kerberos Key Distribution Center
  • Net Logon
  • Remote Procedure Call (RPC)
  • Server
  • Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)
  • WINS (in Windows Server 2003 SP1 and later versions for backup Active Directory replication operations, if DNS is not working)
  • Windows Time
  • World Wide Web Publishing Service

The list of services that require Active Directory services:

  • Certificate Services (required for specific configurations)
  • DHCP Server
  • Distributed File System Namespaces (if using domain-based namespaces)
  • Distributed File System Replication
  • Distributed Link Tracking Server
  • Distributed Transaction Coordinator
  • DNS Server
  • Fax Service
  • File Replication Service
  • Internet Authentication Service
  • License Logging
  • Net Logon
  • Print Spooler
  • Remote Installation
  • Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator
  • Remote Storage Notification
  • Remote Storage
  • Routing and Remote Access
  • Server
  • Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP)
  • Terminal Services
  • Terminal Services Licensing
  • Terminal Services Session Directory

References

The Help files for each Microsoft product that is described in this article contain more information that you may find useful to help configure your programs.

For information about Active Directory Domain Services firewalls and ports, see How to configure a firewall for Active Directory domains and trusts.

General information

For more information about how to help secure Windows Server and for sample IPsec filters for specific server roles, see Microsoft Security Compliance Manager. This tool aggregates all previous security recommendations and security documentation into a single utility for all support Microsoft operating systems:

For more information about operating system services, security settings, and IPsec filtering, see one of the following Threats and Countermeasures Guides:

For more information, see:

The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority coordinates the use of well-known ports. To view this organization's list of TCP/IP port assignments, see Service Name and Transport Protocol Port Number Registry.

Remote Procedure Calls and DCOM

For a detailed description of RPC, see Remote Procedure Call (RPC).

For more information about how to configure RPC to work with a firewall, see How to configure RPC dynamic port allocation to work with firewalls.

For more information about the RPC protocol and about how computers that are running Windows 2000 initialize, see Windows 2000 Startup and Logon Traffic Analysis.

Domain controllers and Active Directory

For more information about how to restrict Active Directory replication and client logon traffic, see Restricting Active Directory replication traffic and client RPC traffic to a specific port.

For an explanation of how the Directory System Agent, LDAP, and the local system authority are related, see Directory System Agent.

For more information about how LDAP and the global catalog work, see How the Global Catalog works.

Exchange Server

For information about ports, authentication, and encryption for all data paths that are used by Microsoft Exchange Server, see Network ports for clients and mail flow in Exchange.

There may be additional things to consider for your particular environment. You can receive more information and help planning an Exchange implementation from the following Microsoft websites:

For more information, see Configure Outlook Anywhere in Outlook 2013.

Distributed File Replication Service

The Distributed File Replication Service includes the Dfsrdiag.exe command-line tool. Dfsrdiag.exe can set the server RPC port that is used for administration and replication. To use Dfsrdiag.exe to set the server RPC port, follow this example:

dfsrdiag StaticRPC/port:nnnnn/Member:Branch01.sales.contoso.com

In this example, nnnnn represents a single, static RPC port that DFSR will use for replication. Branch01.sales.contoso.com represents the DNS or NetBIOS name of the target member computer. If no member is specified, Dfsrdiag.exe uses the local computer.

Internet Information Services

For information about ports in IIS 6.0, see TCP/IP Port Filtering.

For information about FTP, see the following resources:

Multicast Address Dynamic Client Allocation Protocol (MADCAP)

For more information about how to plan MADCAP servers, see Checklist: Installing a MADCAP server.

Message Queuing

For more information about the ports that are used by Microsoft Message Queuing, see TCP ports, UDP ports, and RPC ports that are used by Message Queuing.

Microsoft Operations Manager

For information about how to plan for and to deploy MOM, see System Center Developer Documentation Library.

Systems Management Server

For more information about the ports that are used by SMS 2003, see Ports that Systems Management Server 2003 uses to communicate through a firewall or through a proxy server.

SQL Server

For more information about the ports that are used by SQL Server 7.0 and SQL Server 2000 for OLAP, see INF: TCP Ports Used by OLAP Services when Connecting Through a Firewall.

Terminal Services

For more information about how to configure the port that is used by Terminal Services, see Change the listening port for Remote Desktop on your computer.

Controlling communications over the Internet in Windows

For more information, see the Using Windows Server 2003 with Service Pack 1 in a Managed Environment: Controlling Communication with the Internet.

Windows Media Services

For information about the ports that are used by Windows Media Services, see Allocating Ports for Windows Media Services.