Remote Desktop Service can't be restarted if Keep-Alive feature is enabled

This article provides a solution to an issue where you can't restart the Remote Desktop Services (Terminal Services) if Keep-Alive is enabled.

Applies to:   Windows Server 2012 R2
Original KB number:   2507353


If the RDP Keep-Alive feature is enabled on a Windows Server 2008 (or Windows Server 2008 R2) server, manually stopping the Remote Desktop Services service (Windows Server 2008 R2) or Terminal Services service (Windows Server 2008) will leave the server in an unstable state: restarting the service won't re-enable RDP functionality, and the server will hang during shutdown.


The keep-alive thread is started by the Remote Desktop Services (Terminal Services) service if Keep-Alive is enabled, however it runs in Kernel mode and therefore can't be ended automatically when the service stops.


Don't attempt to stop or restart the Remote Desktop Services (Terminal Services) service if the RDP keep-alive mechanism is enabled.

More information

When Keep-Alive is enabled and the Remote Desktop Services (Terminal Services) service is stopped, its svchost.exe process will remain in the Task list, even though the service is reported to have stopped correctly. When the service is started again, a new svchost.exe will be started however the server won't accept incoming RDP connections because of inconsistency in the TermDD driver state.

The Keep-Alive feature can be enabled by Group Policy:

  • Windows Server 2008 R2

    Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\Windows Components\Remote Desktop Services\Remote Desktop Session Host\Connections

    Configure Keep-Alive Connection Interval

  • Windows Server 2008

    Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\Windows Components\Terminal Services\Terminal Server\Connections

    Configure Keep-Alive Connection Interval

To configure directly in the registry:

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal Server]