PointerRoutedEventArgs PointerRoutedEventArgs PointerRoutedEventArgs PointerRoutedEventArgs Class

Definition

Some information relates to pre-released product which may be substantially modified before it’s commercially released. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied, with respect to the information provided here.

Prerelease APIs are identified by a Prerelease label.

[Contains prerelease APIs.]
Contains the arguments returned by the last pointer event message.

public : sealed class PointerRoutedEventArgs : RoutedEventArgs, IPointerRoutedEventArgspublic sealed class PointerRoutedEventArgs : RoutedEventArgs, IPointerRoutedEventArgsPublic NotInheritable Class PointerRoutedEventArgs Inherits RoutedEventArgs Implements IPointerRoutedEventArgs// This API is not available in Javascript.
Inheritance
PointerRoutedEventArgsPointerRoutedEventArgsPointerRoutedEventArgsPointerRoutedEventArgs
Attributes
Windows 10 requirements
Device family
Windows 10 (introduced v10.0.10240.0)
API contract
Windows.Foundation.UniversalApiContract (introduced v1)

Inherited Members

Inherited properties

Examples

The following code example shows scenario 2 from the Input sample. This code shows some usage patterns for direct manipulation using the PointerPressed, PointerReleased, PointerEntered, PointerExited, and PointerMoved events.

<StackPanel x:Name="Scenario2Output" ManipulationMode="All">
  <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" Margin="0,10,0,0">
    <Button x:Name="scenario2Reset" Content="Reset" 
      Margin="0,0,10,0" Click="Scenario2Reset"/>
  </StackPanel>
  <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" >
    <ToggleSwitch x:Name="tbPointerCapture" 
      Header="Pointer Capture" FontSize="20"/>
    <TextBlock x:Name="txtCaptureStatus" 
      Style="{StaticResource BasicTextStyle}"/>
  </StackPanel>
  <Border x:Name="bEnteredExited" Background="Red" 
    Height="300" Width="450" CornerRadius="20" 
    HorizontalAlignment="Left">
    <Grid>
      <TextBlock Style="{StaticResource BasicTextStyle}" Text="" 
        HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center" 
        x:Name="bEnteredExitedTextBlock"/>
      <Ellipse VerticalAlignment="Bottom" Stroke="Silver" 
        StrokeDashArray="2,2" StrokeThickness="2" Margin="2" 
        x:Name="bEnteredExitedTimer" Width="20" Height="20" 
        RenderTransformOrigin="0.5,0.5">
        <Ellipse.RenderTransform >
          <RotateTransform Angle="0" />
        </Ellipse.RenderTransform>
      </Ellipse>
    </Grid>
  </Border>
</StackPanel>
int _pointerCount;

public Scenario2()
{
    this.InitializeComponent();
    bEnteredExited.PointerEntered += bEnteredExited_PointerEntered;
    bEnteredExited.PointerExited += bEnteredExited_PointerExited;
    bEnteredExited.PointerPressed += bEnteredExited_PointerPressed;
    bEnteredExited.PointerReleased += bEnteredExited_PointerReleased;
    bEnteredExited.PointerMoved += bEnteredExited_PointerMoved;

    // To code for multiple Pointers (that is, fingers), 
    // we track how many entered/exited.
    _pointerCount = 0;
}

private void bEnteredExited_PointerMoved(object sender, 
    PointerRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    Scenario2UpdateVisuals(sender as Border, "Moved");
}

private void bEnteredExited_PointerReleased(object sender, 
    PointerRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    ((Border)sender).ReleasePointerCapture(e.Pointer);
    txtCaptureStatus.Text = string.Empty;
}

//Can only get capture on PointerPressed (i.e. touch down, mouse click, pen press)
private void bEnteredExited_PointerPressed(object sender, 
    PointerRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    if (tbPointerCapture.IsOn)
    {
        bool _hasCapture = ((Border)sender).CapturePointer(e.Pointer);
        txtCaptureStatus.Text = "Got Capture: " + _hasCapture;
    }
}

private void bEnteredExited_PointerExited(object sender, 
    PointerRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    _pointerCount--;
    Scenario2UpdateVisuals(sender as Border, "Exited");
}

private void bEnteredExited_PointerEntered(object sender, 
    PointerRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    _pointerCount++;
    Scenario2UpdateVisuals(sender as Border, "Entered");
}

private void Scenario2UpdateVisuals(Border border, 
    String eventDescription)
{
    switch (eventDescription.ToLower())
    {
        case "exited":
            if (_pointerCount <= 0)
            {
                border.Background = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Red);
                bEnteredExitedTextBlock.Text = eventDescription;
            }
            break;
        case "moved":
            RotateTransform rt = 
                (RotateTransform)bEnteredExitedTimer.RenderTransform;
            rt.Angle += 2;
            if (rt.Angle > 360) rt.Angle -= 360;
            break;
        default:
            border.Background = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Green);
            bEnteredExitedTextBlock.Text = eventDescription;
            break;
    }
}

private void Scenario2Reset(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    Scenario2Reset();
}

private void Scenario2Reset()
{
    bEnteredExited.Background = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Green);
    bEnteredExitedTextBlock.Text = string.Empty;
}
Private _pointerCount As Integer

Public Sub New()
    Me.InitializeComponent()
    AddHandler bEnteredExited.PointerEntered, AddressOf bEnteredExited_PointerEntered
    AddHandler bEnteredExited.PointerExited, AddressOf bEnteredExited_PointerExited
    AddHandler bEnteredExited.PointerPressed, AddressOf bEnteredExited_PointerPressed
    AddHandler bEnteredExited.PointerReleased, AddressOf bEnteredExited_PointerReleased
    AddHandler bEnteredExited.PointerMoved, AddressOf bEnteredExited_PointerMoved

    'To code for multiple Pointers (i.e. Fingers) we track how many entered/exited.
    _pointerCount = 0
End Sub

''' <summary>
''' Invoked when this page is about to be displayed in a Frame.
''' </summary>
''' <param name="e">Event data that describes how this page was reached.  The Parameter
''' property is typically used to configure the page.</param>
Protected Overrides Sub OnNavigatedTo(e As NavigationEventArgs)
End Sub

Private Sub bEnteredExited_PointerMoved(sender As Object, e As PointerRoutedEventArgs)
    Scenario2UpdateVisuals(TryCast(sender, Border), "Moved")
End Sub

Private Sub bEnteredExited_PointerReleased(sender As Object, e As PointerRoutedEventArgs)
    DirectCast(sender, Border).ReleasePointerCapture(e.Pointer)
    txtCaptureStatus.Text = String.Empty
End Sub

'Can only get capture on PointerPressed (i.e. touch down, mouse click, pen press)
Private Sub bEnteredExited_PointerPressed(sender As Object, e As PointerRoutedEventArgs)
    If tbPointerCapture.IsOn Then
        Dim _hasCapture As Boolean = DirectCast(sender, Border).CapturePointer(e.Pointer)
        txtCaptureStatus.Text = "Got Capture: " & _hasCapture
    End If
End Sub

Private Sub bEnteredExited_PointerExited(sender As Object, e As PointerRoutedEventArgs)
    _pointerCount -= 1
    Scenario2UpdateVisuals(TryCast(sender, Border), "Exited")
End Sub

Private Sub bEnteredExited_PointerEntered(sender As Object, e As PointerRoutedEventArgs)
    _pointerCount += 1
    Scenario2UpdateVisuals(TryCast(sender, Border), "Entered")

End Sub

Private Sub Scenario2UpdateVisuals(border As Border, eventDescription As String)
    Select Case eventDescription.ToLower()
        Case "exited"
            If _pointerCount <= 0 Then
                border.Background = New SolidColorBrush(Colors.Red)
                bEnteredExitedTextBlock.Text = eventDescription
            End If
            Exit Select
        Case "moved"

            Dim rt As RotateTransform = DirectCast(bEnteredExitedTimer.RenderTransform, RotateTransform)
            rt.Angle += 2
            If rt.Angle > 360 Then
                rt.Angle -= 360
            End If
            Exit Select
        Case Else
            border.Background = New SolidColorBrush(Colors.Green)
            bEnteredExitedTextBlock.Text = eventDescription
            Exit Select

    End Select
End Sub

Private Sub Scenario2ResetMethod(sender As Object, e As RoutedEventArgs)
    Reset()
End Sub

Private Sub Reset()
    bEnteredExited.Background = New SolidColorBrush(Colors.Green)
    bEnteredExitedTextBlock.Text = String.Empty
End Sub

Remarks

In most cases, we recommend that you get pointer info through the event argument of the pointer event handlers in your chosen Windows 8 language framework (Windows app using JavaScript, Windows Store app using C++, C#, or Visual Basic, or Windows Store app using DirectX with C++).

If the event argument doesn't intrinsically expose the pointer details required by your app, you can get access to extended pointer data through the GetCurrentPoint and GetIntermediatePoints methods of PointerRoutedEventArgs. Use these methods to specify the context of the pointer data.

The static PointerPoint methods, GetCurrentPoint and GetIntermediatePoints, always use the context of the app. The PointerRoutedEventArgs event data class is used for these events:

Important

Mouse input is associated with a single pointer assigned when mouse input is first detected. Clicking a mouse button (left, wheel, or right) creates a secondary association between the pointer and that button through the PointerPressed event. The PointerReleased event is fired only when that same mouse button is released (no other button can be associated with the pointer until this event is complete). Because of this exclusive association, other mouse button clicks are routed through the PointerMoved event. You can test the mouse button state when handling this event, as shown in the following example.

private void Target_PointerMoved(object sender, PointerRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    Windows.UI.Xaml.Input.Pointer ptr = e.Pointer;

    // Multiple, simultaneous mouse button inputs are processed here.
    // Mouse input is associated with a single pointer assigned when 
    // mouse input is first detected. 
    // Clicking additional mouse buttons (left, wheel, or right) during 
    // the interaction creates secondary associations between those buttons 
    // and the pointer through the pointer pressed event. 
    // The pointer released event is fired only when the last mouse button 
    // associated with the interaction (not necessarily the initial button) 
    // is released. 
    // Because of this exclusive association, other mouse button clicks are 
    // routed through the pointer move event.          
    if (ptr.PointerDeviceType == Windows.Devices.Input.PointerDeviceType.Mouse)
    {
        // To get mouse state, we need extended pointer details.
        // We get the pointer info through the getCurrentPoint method
        // of the event argument. 
        Windows.UI.Input.PointerPoint ptrPt = e.GetCurrentPoint(Target);
        if (ptrPt.Properties.IsLeftButtonPressed)
        {
            eventLog.Text += "\nLeft button: " + ptrPt.PointerId;
        }
        if (ptrPt.Properties.IsMiddleButtonPressed)
        {
            eventLog.Text += "\nWheel button: " + ptrPt.PointerId;
        }
        if (ptrPt.Properties.IsRightButtonPressed)
        {
            eventLog.Text += "\nRight button: " + ptrPt.PointerId;
        }
    }

    // Prevent most handlers along the event route from handling the same event again.
    e.Handled = true;

    // Display pointer details.
    updateInfoPop(e);
}
private void Target_PointerMoved(object sender, PointerRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    Windows.UI.Xaml.Input.Pointer ptr = e.Pointer;

    // Multiple, simultaneous mouse button inputs are processed here.
    // Mouse input is associated with a single pointer assigned when 
    // mouse input is first detected. 
    // Clicking additional mouse buttons (left, wheel, or right) during 
    // the interaction creates secondary associations between those buttons 
    // and the pointer through the pointer pressed event. 
    // The pointer released event is fired only when the last mouse button 
    // associated with the interaction (not necessarily the initial button) 
    // is released. 
    // Because of this exclusive association, other mouse button clicks are 
    // routed through the pointer move event.          
    if (ptr.PointerDeviceType == Windows.Devices.Input.PointerDeviceType.Mouse)
    {
        // To get mouse state, we need extended pointer details.
        // We get the pointer info through the getCurrentPoint method
        // of the event argument. 
        Windows.UI.Input.PointerPoint ptrPt = e.GetCurrentPoint(Target);
        if (ptrPt.Properties.IsLeftButtonPressed)
        {
            eventLog.Text += "\nLeft button: " + ptrPt.PointerId;
        }
        if (ptrPt.Properties.IsMiddleButtonPressed)
        {
            eventLog.Text += "\nWheel button: " + ptrPt.PointerId;
        }
        if (ptrPt.Properties.IsRightButtonPressed)
        {
            eventLog.Text += "\nRight button: " + ptrPt.PointerId;
        }
    }

    // Prevent most handlers along the event route from handling the same event again.
    e.Handled = true;

    // Display pointer details.
    updateInfoPop(e);
}

Specific events often have information available in the various pointer device and pointer point classes that is mainly only relevant for that event. For example, when you handle PointerWheelChanged, you might be interested in the MouseWheelDelta from PointerPointProperties.

The object retrieved by the GetCurrentPoint and GetIntermediatePoints methods provide access to extended pointer info through the Properties property, which gets a PointerPointProperties object.

In the following example, we get extended pointer properties through the PointerPoint and PointerPointProperties objects. (See Quickstart: Pointers for the complete example.)

String queryPointer(PointerPoint ptrPt)
{
    String details = "";

    switch (ptrPt.PointerDevice.PointerDeviceType)
    {
        case Windows.Devices.Input.PointerDeviceType.Mouse:
            details += "\nPointer type: mouse";
            break;
        case Windows.Devices.Input.PointerDeviceType.Pen:
            details += "\nPointer type: pen";
            if (ptrPt.IsInContact)
            {
                details += "\nPressure: " + ptrPt.Properties.Pressure;
                details += "\nrotation: " + ptrPt.Properties.Orientation;
                details += "\nTilt X: " + ptrPt.Properties.XTilt;
                details += "\nTilt Y: " + ptrPt.Properties.YTilt;
                details += "\nBarrel button pressed: " + ptrPt.Properties.IsBarrelButtonPressed;
            }
            break;
        case Windows.Devices.Input.PointerDeviceType.Touch:
            details += "\nPointer type: touch";
            details += "\nrotation: " + ptrPt.Properties.Orientation;
            details += "\nTilt X: " + ptrPt.Properties.XTilt;
            details += "\nTilt Y: " + ptrPt.Properties.YTilt;
            break;
        default:
            details += "\nPointer type: n/a";
            break;
    }

    GeneralTransform gt = Target.TransformToVisual(page);
    Point screenPoint;

    screenPoint = gt.TransformPoint(new Point(ptrPt.Position.X, ptrPt.Position.Y));
    details += "\nPointer Id: " + ptrPt.PointerId.ToString() +
        "\nPointer location (parent): " + ptrPt.Position.X + ", " + ptrPt.Position.Y +
        "\nPointer location (screen): " + screenPoint.X + ", " + screenPoint.Y;
    return details;
}

Typically, the object returned by this method is used to feed pointer data to a GestureRecognizer. Another scenario is getting the MouseWheelDelta for a PointerWheelChanged event; that value is in PointerPointProperties.

Properties

Handled Handled Handled Handled

Gets or sets a value that marks the routed event as handled, and prevents most handlers along the event route from handling the same event again.

public : PlatForm::Boolean Handled { get; set; }public bool Handled { get; set; }Public ReadWrite Property Handled As bool// This API is not available in Javascript.
Value
PlatForm::Boolean bool bool bool

true to mark the routed event handled. false to leave the routed event unhandled, which permits the event to potentially route further and be acted on by other handlers. The default is false.

See Also

KeyModifiers KeyModifiers KeyModifiers KeyModifiers

Gets a value that indicates which key modifiers were active at the time that the pointer event was initiated.

public : VirtualKeyModifiers KeyModifiers { get; }public VirtualKeyModifiers KeyModifiers { get; }Public ReadOnly Property KeyModifiers As VirtualKeyModifiers// This API is not available in Javascript.

Pointer Pointer Pointer Pointer

Gets a reference to a pointer token.

public : Pointer Pointer { get; }public Pointer Pointer { get; }Public ReadOnly Property Pointer As Pointer// This API is not available in Javascript.
Value
Pointer Pointer Pointer Pointer

A pointer token.

Methods

GetCurrentPoint(UIElement) GetCurrentPoint(UIElement) GetCurrentPoint(UIElement) GetCurrentPoint(UIElement)

Retrieves a PointerPoint object that provides basic info on the pointer associated with the event.

public : PointerPoint GetCurrentPoint(UIElement relativeTo)public PointerPoint GetCurrentPoint(UIElement relativeTo)Public Function GetCurrentPoint(relativeTo As UIElement) As PointerPoint// This API is not available in Javascript.
Parameters
relativeTo
UIElement UIElement UIElement UIElement

Any UIElement -derived object that is connected to the same object tree. To specify the object relative to the overall coordinate system, use a relativeTo value of null.

Returns

A PointerPoint value that represents the pointer point associated with this event. If null was passed as relativeTo, the coordinates are in the frame of reference of the overall window. If a relativeTo value other than null was passed, the coordinates are relative to the object referenced by relativeTo.

GetIntermediatePoints(UIElement) GetIntermediatePoints(UIElement) GetIntermediatePoints(UIElement) GetIntermediatePoints(UIElement)

Retrieves a collection of PointerPoint objects that represent the pointer history from the last pointer event up to and including the current pointer event. Each PointerPoint in the collection provides basic info on the pointer associated with the event.The last item in the collection is equivalent to the PointerPoint object returned by GetCurrentPoint.

public : IVector<PointerPoint> GetIntermediatePoints(UIElement relativeTo)public IList<PointerPoint> GetIntermediatePoints(UIElement relativeTo)Public Function GetIntermediatePoints(relativeTo As UIElement) As IList( Of PointerPoint )// This API is not available in Javascript.
Parameters
relativeTo
UIElement UIElement UIElement UIElement

Provides the context for the pointer data. Can be any UIElement -derived object that is connected to the same object tree. If null, location coordinates are in the context of the app.

Returns
IVector<PointerPoint> IList<PointerPoint> IList<PointerPoint> IList<PointerPoint>

The collection of PointerPoint objects corresponding to the pointer history associated with the event. If relativeTo is null, location coordinates are in the context of the app. Otherwise, the coordinates are relative to the object referenced by relativeTo.

See Also